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跳绳的历史意义 – 译学馆
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跳绳的历史意义

How the jump rope got its rhythm | Small Thing Big Idea, a TED series

如果你做得对 声音听起来应该是 滴答
If you do it right, it should sound like: TICK-tat,
滴答 滴答 滴答 滴答 滴答
TICK-tat, TICK-tat,TICK-tat, TICK-tat, TICK-tat.
如果做得不对 它听起来像滴–哒 滴–哒 滴–哒
If you do it wrong, it sounds like: Tick-TAT, tick-TAT, tick-TAT.
(小事情 大想法)
[Small thing. Big idea.]
(Kyra Gaunt与跳绳)
[ Kyra Gaunt on the Jump Rope ]
跳绳是件非常简单的东西
The jump rope is such a simple object.
它可以由绳子 晒衣绳或者麻线制成
It can be made out of rope,a clothesline, twine.
跳绳上还有螺纹一样的结构(笑)
It has, like, a twirl on it. (Laughs)
我不确定该怎么去形容它
I’m not sure how to describe that.
重要的是它自身有一定重量
What’s importantis that it has a certain weight,
并且有那种挥鞭子的声音
and that they havethat kind of whip sound.
我们不清楚跳绳的起源
It’s not clear what the originof the jump rope is.
有一些证据表明它最初出现在古埃及 腓尼基
There’s some evidencethat it began in ancient Egypt, Phoenicia,
后来很有可能被荷兰移民带到了北美
and then it most likely traveled to North America with Dutch settlers.
随着女性的衣服变得更合身
The rope became a big thing
和马裤的兴起
when women’s clothes became more fitted
跳绳变得流行起来
and the pantaloon came into being.
就这样 女孩子可以跳绳了
And so, girls were able to jump rope
因为她们的裙子不会再绊到绳子了
because their skirtswouldn’t catch the ropes.
女家庭教师用它来训练孩子们跳绳
Governesses used itto train their wards to jump rope.
甚至在南北战争前的南方 那些被奴役的非洲孩子们也在跳绳
Even formerly enslaved African children in the antebellum South jumped rope, too.
20世纪50年代 在哈莱姆 布朗克斯 布鲁克林 皇后区
In the 1950s, in Harlem,Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens,
你都能在路边看到许多女孩子跳绳
you could see on the sidewalk, lots of girls playing with ropes.
有时她们拿着两根绳子
Sometimes they would take two ropes
并把它们绕成一根
and turn them as a single rope together,
但也可以将它们
but you could separate them and turn them
像打蛋器一样交叉使用
in like an eggbeater on each other.
跳绳时 绳子就像是个稳定的时间轴 哒 哒 哒 哒
The skipping rope was like a steady timeline — tick, tick, tick, tick —
你可以在上面加上韵律 节奏和赞美诗
upon which you can add rhymes and rhythms and chants.
那些绳子为我们创造了一个空间
Those ropes created a space
在这个空间里 我们可以去创造
where we were ableto contribute to something
超越邻里街坊的更伟大的东西
that was far greaterthan the neighborhood.
相绕绳单人跳为黑人女性
Double Dutch jump rope remains a powerful symbol
保留了一个强有力的文化和身份的标志
of culture and identity for black women.
回想20世纪50年代到70年代
Back from the 1950s to the 1970s,
女孩子是不能去参加体育运动的
girls weren’t supposed to play sports.
男孩们玩着棒球 篮球 足球
Boys played baseball,basketball and football,
女孩们却被禁止参与
and girls weren’t allowed.
现状已经大不相同 但是在那个年代
A lot has changed, but in that era,
女孩们可是操场之王
girls would rule the playground.
她们还不让男孩们参与进来
They’d make surethat boys weren’t a part of that.
因为这是属于她们的空间 女孩子的能量场
It’s their space, it’s a girl-power space.
这是她们闪光的地方
It’s where they get to shine.
但我认为跳绳也是属于男孩们的
But I also think it’s for boys,
因为男孩会无意中听到那些歌词
because boys overheard those, which is why,
这就是为什么我认为有很多的嘻哈艺术家
I think, so many hip-hop artists
会从他们听到的黑人女孩的游戏歌中借鉴一番(歌词)
sampled from things that they heardin black girls’ game songs. (Chanting)…
“冰凉 醇厚的奶昔 秀出你的翻转能力吧 麦香鱼
cold, thick shake,act like you know how to flip, Filet-O-Fish,
至尊牛肉堡 炸薯条 冰凉 醇厚的奶昔 秀出你的跳跃能力吧”
Quarter Pounder,french fries, ice cold, thick shake, act like you know how to jump.
Nelly的Country Grammar可以获得格莱美奖
Why”Country Grammar” by Nellybecame a Grammy Award-winning single
是因为人们早已知道
was because people already knew
“我们坐在路虎车里 沿着你的街道往下走…”
“We’re going down down babyyour street in a Range Rover…”
这句歌词借鉴了 “下来下来 宝贝 从过山车上下来 甜心宝贝
That’s the beginning of”Down down, baby,down down the roller coaster, sweet,
甜心宝贝 我永远不会让你离开”
sweet baby, I’ll never let you go.”
所有在市镇的黑人社区里长大的人
All people who grew upin any black urban community
都会知道那首歌
would know that music.
这首歌本来就很火
And so, it was a ready-made hit.
相绕绳单人跳这项运动
The Double Dutch rope playinghelped maintain these songs
使这些歌以及吟唱 手势
and helped maintain the chants and
得到了很好的保留
the gestures that go along with it,
这其实是很自然的一件事 我称之为“运动的口头形态”
which is very naturalto what I call”kinetic orality” —
嘴部语言和身体语言
word of mouth and word of body.
这是由一代代人传承下来的
It’s the thing that getspassed down over generations.
在某些方面 跳绳起到了至关重要的作用
In some ways, the rope is the thing that helps carry it.
需要一些物件来承载回忆
You need some objectto carry memory through.
跳绳运动 你可以借助它来传递很多不同的东西
So,a jump rope, you can use it for all different kinds of things.
它跨越了文化
It crosses cultures.
我认为它能保留下来的原因是人们需要动起来
And I think it lastedbecause people need to move.
而最简单的事物往往能发挥最富有创意的用途
And I think sometimes the simplest objects can make the most creative uses.

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跳绳的历史和发展

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收集自网络

翻译译者

胖虎

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审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuBtcUGqgMc

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