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瑞士军刀是如何制造的?

How Swiss Army Knives Are Made | The Making Of

The Swiss Army knife
瑞士军刀
is one of the world’s best-known tools,
是世界最知名的工具之一
and 10 million of them are manufactured every year.
每年的生产量为一千万把
But how does one factory produce 45,000 each day,
但是一个工厂是如何以如此精确的标准
and in such a precise manner?
每天生产出45000把军刀呢?
The Swiss Army knife has been around for nearly 130 years.
瑞士军刀有着近130年历史
It was first delivered to the Swiss Army by Karl Elsner in 1891.
由Karl Elsner先生于1891年首次交付给瑞士军方
The knives are now produced by Victorinox,
现今瑞士军刀由欧洲最大的刀具生产商
Europe’s largest knife manufacturer.
维氏公司生产
The main factory in Ibach, Switzerland,
工厂总部位于瑞士的伊巴赫
produces a variety of knives
生产着各种
designed to offer versatility and compactness.
功能多样且坚实耐用的刀具
Here, it takes around five minutes
在这个工厂 根据型号的不同
to produce a pocket knife, depending on the model.
生产一把小折刀只需五分钟
There are 400 different models.
这里有400种不同的模具
2,400 metric tons of steel are imported to the factory each year.
工厂每年进口 2400公吨的钢
From these rolls, knife blades
这些不锈钢带
are stamped to 2 millimeters thick.
被冲压成2毫米厚的刀片
This requires 50 metric tons of pressure.
这需要50公吨的压力
Each roll can make 16,000 blades.
每卷钢带可以制造16000个刀片
Various tools require various alloys for hardness.
不同的工具需要不同硬度的合金
The basis of the knife is 85% iron,
刀具由85%的铸铁为基础
along with 13% chromium and a small trace of other metals.
再混合13%的铬和其他少量的合金组成
经理:我们使用著名的Inox品牌的不锈钢
众所周知 Inox的优势在于卓越的抗腐蚀性
这意味着 从质地来说 它有着非常坚固的材料
Narrator: Blades are made from hard steel,
解说:刀身使用坚硬的钢
whereas screwdrivers are formed from softer steel.
而螺丝刀使用较软的钢
The blades are rounded off using triangular-shaped plastic wheels and water.
刀身由三角形的塑料磨轮和水进行抛光打磨
The knife blades are then extracted via a magnet
刀身被磁铁吸出后
and grinded down again to achieve an exact width.
再次打磨后达到精确的宽度
Each blade must measure 2-millimeter thickness.
刀身必须达到2毫米的厚度
They are imprinted with a company stamp,
刀身被压印上公司的名称和标志
then placed in an oven at 1,050 degrees Celsius.
再放进1050摄氏度的炉子
The blades are then sharpened
将刀锋打磨好后
and checked again for thickness.
并再检查一次厚度
The signature red outer casing
标志性的红色刀壳
is formed via injection molding.
由注塑模具成型
Other tools for the knives are produced on nearby machines, grinding.
军刀的其他部分由周边的机器生产 再研磨
A small metal cross emblem,
小小的十字形徽章
the Victorinox Cross & Shield,
代表着Victorinox Cross & Shield
is inspected via a microscope
通过显微镜进行检查
to ensure standard thickness.
确保标准的厚度
This was added the first time in 1909
在1909年 十字徽章首次被加在军刀上
and later to all Victorinox knives since 2006.
在2006年后 每把维氏军刀都有此标志
The classic officer’s knife
经典的军官刀
is assembled by machine at the factory.
由工厂里的机器进行装配
Other editions are assembled by hand.
其他版本的军刀则由手工装配
Each component part of the knife is checked and polished by hand before it can go on sale.
在销售前 军刀的每一个部件都要经过手工检查和抛光
The knives are exported from the Ibach factory to over 120 countries.
这些军刀从伊巴赫工厂出口到超过120个国家
And, of course, the pocketknife
当然 军刀的设计
designs have changed over the years.
也在与时俱进
Victorinox keeps adding new features,
维氏公司不断给产品加入新的特性
such as USB storage and laser pointers.
比如给军刀加上优盘和激光笔

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视频概述

有关维氏工厂及瑞士军刀制造的介绍。

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收集自网络

翻译译者

淮择

审核员

审核员YQ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eb8j7odHyZ4

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