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强力胶是如何发明的 | 视觉瞬间#8 – 译学馆
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强力胶是如何发明的 | 视觉瞬间#8

How super glue was invented | Moments of Vision 8 - Jessica Oreck

视觉瞬间…
In a Moment of Vision…
那是1940年代 二战高峰期的纽约 罗切斯特
It’s the 1940s, the height of World War II, Rochester, New York.
一位名叫哈里·科弗的化学家正在为伊士曼柯达公司做研究
A chemist by the name of Harry Coover is conducting research for Eastman Kodak.
他和团队正在研制透明塑胶
He and his team are looking for a clear plastic
以助于军方生产精确的瞄准器
to produce precision gunsights for the military.
他们开始研究氰基丙烯酸酯族的化学物质
They begin working with a family of chemicals called cyanoacrylates,
但让他们很烦的是
but find, to their extreme annoyance,
这种化学物质会永远粘在其他东西上
that the chemicals stick to everything permanently.
氰基丙烯酸酯就被弃用了
The cyanoacrylates are discarded.
战争结束后 科弗在田纳西州的柯达化工厂工作
After the war, Coover is working at Kodak’s chemical plant in Tennessee.
这次 他和团队研究
This time, he and his team are researching
用于喷气飞机檐篷的耐热聚合物
heat-resistant polymers for jet airplane canopies.
他们尝试了氰基丙烯酸酯 但仍然很沮丧
They try cyanoacrylates, but find, to their great frustration,
还是一直粘在其他东西上
that the chemicals stick to everything permanently.
它们又弃用了氰基丙烯酸酯
Again, the cyanoacrylates are discarded.
然而科弗突然灵光一闪
Coover, however, in a moment of vision,
意识到 这些化学物质恼人的性质
realizes that the quality that makes these chemicals so infuriating to work with
正是它们的价值所在
is exactly what makes them valuable.
他申请了专利 并开始将其作为强力胶来营销
He takes out a patent and begins marketing a super glue.
多年后 在越战期间
Years later during the Vietnam War,
战场医师发现 强力胶用于裸伤
field medics find that using super glue on an open wound
会立刻止血
instantly stops the bleeding,
拯救无数性命
saving countless lives.
今天 医用级强力胶仍然在手术中使用
Today, medical grade super glue is still used in surgery,
同时它也是个几乎不可或缺的家庭用品
but it’s also a nearly indispensable household item.

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二战后化学家是如何灵光一现发明强力胶的

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