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丝绸是从哪里来的 – 译学馆
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丝绸是从哪里来的

How silkworms make silk

[音乐播放中] 丝绸是从哪里来的呢
♫*Music*♫ Where Silk Comes from
是蠕虫吐出来的
Well, worm spit
又名桑蚕
Bombyx Moriaka. silkworm
丝绸的生产过程也被称为养蚕
The silk production processis also known as Sericutlture.
它可以追溯到大约4800年前的中国
It dates back to around 4,800 years ago in China.
在柬埔寨暹粒省吴哥附近的丝绸农场里
Here is the process in action at the silk farm Artisans Angkor,
有着技工们养蚕缫丝的过程
near Siem Reap, Cambodia
14天后 幼虫孵化出这些卵
Larvae hatch out of these eggs after 14 days
那些卵由成年飞蛾产下这只飞蛾已经死去
Those eggs were laid by adult mothsThis one is dead
经过几千年的驯化成年飞蛾不会飞了
After millennia of domestication,the adult moths cannot fly
幼虫主要以桑叶为食
The larvae feast on MulberryLeaves
它们不断地进食
They eat continuously
大概42天后
For about 42 days
便进入到蚕蛹期
Then it’s cocoon time
它们花3至8天吐丝织成蚕茧
They spin their silk cocoon for 3-8 days
由蚕的唾液腺分泌出来的一根蚕丝 约1000英尺长
One strand. Secreted by salivary glands. About 1,000 feet long.
其中的蚕蛹在蒸汽
The chrysalis inside is then killed by steam
或放置在阳光下 或煮沸被杀死
or by laying in the sun or boiling
蚕茧在热水中变得松散并不断散开
The cocoons are loosened in hot water and unwound
将几条蚕丝放在一起纺织成一根线
Several strands are spun together into a thread
生丝(蚕茧的外部)
Raw silk (outside of cocoon)
熟丝(蚕茧的内部)
Fine silk (inside of cocoon)
工人们精心地去除其中的团块和碎片
Workers painstakingly remove clumps and debris
这些丝可被染成像彩虹般五彩缤纷的颜色
The silk is dyed any color of the rainbow
一个弯曲状的滚轮将丝分成精致的细丝线
A warping wheel divides the fine silk thread
熟丝 生丝
Fine silk Raw silk
使用2500个桑茧才能制作出一英镑重的丝绸
It takes about 2500 silkworms to make 1 pound of silk

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视频概述

在柬埔寨暹粒省吴哥附近的丝绸农场,一起见证蚕宝宝的蜕变之旅,一起来体验丝绸的制作之旅!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=77ktNSPFbwQ

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