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口红的历史

How Red Lipstick Shaped History | History

古希腊妓女和
What do ancient Greek prostitutes and
二战女士兵有什么相同之处吗
World War II soldiers have in common?
口红
Red lipstick.

That’s right.
这标志性的大红嘴唇
Turns out theiconic bold red lips
有着惊人的性 力量和战争史
have a surprising historyof sex, power, and war.
在古埃及 男女都会使用口红
Back in ancientEgypt, lip rouge was
且将其作为身份和权力的象征
worn by both women and men as a symbol of status and power.
埃及艳后曾用过一种好看的
Cleopatra herself wore a shade of red
红色液体 是她自己捣碎昆虫得来的
made from a lovely concoction of crushed insects,
也就是鱼鳞和蜂蜡
fish scales and beeswax.
在古希腊
Over in ancient Greece,
口红预示着社会地位的低下
lip rouge was for the less glamorous side of society,
被看作是妓女专用的东西
seen as something usedexclusively by prostitutes.
实际上 有一条法律规定
In fact, there was a lawstating that prostitutes had
妓女露面时必须化妆
to wear makeup when out
才无法欺骗那些想要寻找真感情的男人们
in public as to not deceive men looking for real relationships.
一直到中世纪 口红都备受争议
Fast-forwarding tothe Middle Ages, lip painting continued
to court controversy,
这大部分是因为天主教的批判
mostly caused by criticismfrom the Catholic Church.
口红被视为撒旦
Lipstick wasportrayed as satanic.
甚至在忏悔时 女人应该为她们
Women were even supposed tospeak of their lipstick use
使用口红而忏悔
in confession.
但伊丽莎白一世1558年在英国掌权时
But when Elizabeth I tookpower in England in 1558,
她全力支持口红 无论是在公众前
she fully embraced lip rouge,almost always wearing it
还是私下里几乎随时在用
in public and private,even claiming it contained
甚至宣称口红有神秘的治愈力量
mystical healing powers. Sadly,
不幸的是 可能是她口红的含铅量
the lead contentof her lip coloring
导致了她的死亡
may have contributedto her death.
在接下来的几个世纪里
Lipstick’s popularitystarted to fall over
口红的影响力持续下跌 在维多利亚时代
the next couple of centuries,hitting rock bottom
跌到了谷底
during the Victorian era.
维多利亚女王认为化妆是不礼貌的
Queen Victoria herselfdescribed makeup as impolite.
但在美国 当女权运动越来越激烈时
But in the United States, lipmakeup took on new meaning
涂口红有了新的意义
during the rise of thewomen’s suffrage movement.
女权主义者乐于将明亮的口红
Suffragettes embraced brightred lipstick as a symbol
视为女性反抗力的象征
of feminine resistance.
她们把决定权都掌握在自己手中
They were taking decisionsinto their own hands,
比如嘴唇的颜色 还有选举权
the color of their lips,and the right to vote.
口红的名气迅速膨胀 在1923年
Red lipstick’s popularityexploded and grew even faster
引入了旋转棒的设计后就更受追捧了
after the popular swivel stickdesign was introduced in 1923.
化妆品成为了美国最大的产业之一
Cosmetics became one of thelargest industries in the US.
但并不是所有人都喜爱口红
But not everyone loved lipstick.
阿道夫希特勒就讨厌
Adolf Hitler hated it.
他禁用口红是因为 在他眼中
He banned it because, in his eyes,
口红使得其他雅利安女人不纯洁
lipstick made otherwise Aryan women impure,
这是因为口红是用从污水中
and because it wasformulated from animal fat
救出动物的脂肪制作的
rescued from sewage.
所以盟军们利用希特勒的厌恶
So the Allies took advantageof Hitler’s disgust
在战争时期 致力让口红成为一种
and made red lipstick asymbol of feminine power
女性力量的象征
in the war effort.
公司推出了新的战时色调
Companies introduced brand newwartime shades, like fighting
像战争红和胜利红
red and victory red.
伊丽莎白·雅顿参考美军陆战队的歌
Montezuma red, designed byElizabeth Arden in reference
设计了蒙特祖玛红
to the US MarineCorps song, became
这成了美军陆战队女预备役
part of the officialuniform of the US
官方制服的一部分
Marine Corps’ Women’s Reserve.
在战争时期 美国雇佣女人的工厂
American factories whoemployed women during the war
被要求在她们的更衣室内
were required tokeep lipstick stocked
有足够的口红
in their dressing rooms,
让女人随时都能
allowing women to retain a sense of femininity and continuity
保持女性气质
in uncertain times.
在英国 各种消费品都是配给的
In England, where a variety ofconsumer goods were rationed,
温斯顿·丘吉尔将口红从配给范畴中剔除
Winston Churchill leftlipstick untouched, recognizing
他认识到化妆品是维持英国女性
that cosmetics were an essential part of maintaining a feeling
正常生活的一个重要部分
of normalcy among Britain’s women.
供应部声明 “化妆品
The Ministry of Supplystated,”Cosmetics
是一种对女人很重要
are as essential to a woman
正如为男人供应香烟一样
as a reasonable supply of tobacco
合理”
is to a man.”
有点过时 不过 你懂的
A little out of date,but you get the point.
同盟国赢得了战争 而口红经过了20世纪
The allies won the war, and redlipstick continued its journey
后半叶直到
through the back half
21世纪 口红一直
of the 20th century and into the 21st,
并且越来越成为化妆品工厂中
and continues to bean indispensable part
不可或缺的一部分
of the cosmetic arsenal.

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视频概述

男人也用口红?本视频简述了口红跌宕的发展史,快来看看女王们都用什么色号吧!

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翻译译者

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t-EU6qm13Ho

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