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电影中的食物模型是如何制作的

How Realistic Fake Foods Are Made For TV And Movies | Movies Insider

– [Narrator] Is this food making you hungry? Well,
看到这些食物你饿了吗?
don’t try to take a bite
不要真的去咬一口
because these delicious looking foods are actually fake.
因为这些看起来美味诱人的食物其实是假的
HOW FAKE FOOD IS MADE FOR TV AND MOVIES
《电视电影中的食物模型是怎样制作的》
TV shows and movies will try to use real foods
如果条件允许的话
on screen when possible,
电视和电影会尽量使用真食物
but there a number of reasons why food props
但是有太多原因促使制作者
might be used instead.
用食物模型代替真的食物
For example, if ice cream is used,
比如 如果要使用冰淇淋
they don’t want it to melt between takes,
制片者不希望冰淇淋在镜头下融化
or if you need a lot of food in the background of a shot.
或者你可能需要大量食物做拍摄背景
Companies like Independent Studio Services
有些公司 比如独立工作室服务公司
and Display Fake Foods offer pre-made food props
与食物模型公司能提供大量可预定的
that can be ordered in bulk.
事先做好的食物模型
But often times, movies need items specially made.
但通常 电影需要定制食物模型
That’s when they seek out a fake food artist,
这时他们就会寻找做食物模型的艺术家
like Lisa Friedman.
比如Lisa Friedman
– For people who need something specific
对于需要特定食物的人来说
that’s why the reach out to me.
这就是他们找到我的原因
I’m an artist.
我是一名艺术家
I went to school for art and I also love to cook and bake.
我在学校学习艺术 喜欢烹饪与烘焙
There’s not a lot of us out there that do this.
和我们一样做这个的人并不多
– [Narrator] Brenda Chapman also makes
Brenda Chapman也在俄克拉荷马州
fake foods in Oklahoma.
制作食物模型
– I just kind of figure it out.
我基本靠自己琢磨
So I had no formal trainning, didn’t go to college
我没受过正规训练 没上过大学
I started this just so I could be a stay-at-home mom with my kids.
我选择它只是因为这样我可以陪伴孩子
– [Narrator] Both women work out of studios in their homes.
这两位女士都在家里建立了工作室
They can recreate pretty much anything.
她们几乎可以再现任何东西
Much of their day-to-day business is in restaurant displays and food shows.
她们的日常业务大多来自餐厅展示和食物展览
But prop masters will contact them
但如果道具师需要为电影准备食物
if they need food items for movies.
就会联系她们
– In the last 20 years,
在过去的20年里
I’ve done almost 3 million dollars
我已经通过食物模型业务
worth of fake food business.
挣了几乎3百万美元
– [Narrator] Brenda has had her work featured
Brenda的精彩作品
in a number of productions.
在很多影片中都出现过
For Glee, she made some ice cream for this diner scene.
她曾为《欢乐合唱团》的一幕晚餐场景制作冰淇淋
– [Brenda] In their diner scene,
他们的晚餐场景
they wanted milk shakes and hot fudge sundaes
需要完整的 吃了一半的 吃了四分之一的
and banana splits that were new, half-eaten, quarter-eaten
奶昔 热巧克力圣代和香蕉圣代
so that they could switch them out during the takes.
这样他们就能在拍摄时切换道具
– [Narrator] She says you don’t always know
她说 你往往不会知道
where your food will end up.
自己的做的食物会出现在哪里
Like when some of her items popped up in the Muppets.
比如她的作品就在《布偶》中出现过
– When Miss Piggy eats my doughnuts,
当Piggy女士吃我做的甜甜圈时
I didn’t realize they had bought my doughnuts.
我都没意识到他们买了我做的甜甜圈
(gluttonous munching)
[大力咀嚼声]
– Pardon moi, Mademoiselle Cochonne?
打扰一下 Cochonne小姐?
– Can’t you see I’m busy!
你没见我正忙着吗?
– [Receptionist] Of course.
前台服务员:好的抱歉
– [Narrator] And sometimes your food
有时候你的食物
doesn’t even make the final cut.
甚至不会被采用
– Thor, the movie, actually bought like
电影《雷神》购买了
$ 500 worth of doughnuts,
价值500美元的甜甜圈
and they had a building that said Donut Shop
影片里有一间甜甜圈店
or Donut Land, they never went inside,
或者说甜甜圈屋 但他们从没进去过
so I didn’t get to see my doughnuts.
所以我没能看见我做的甜甜圈
I was very sad. (laughs)
我很伤心[笑声]
– [Narrator] Here’s a creamsicle Lisa Friedman made
这是Lisa Friedman做的冰棒
that was featured in a scene from
它出现在电影
Kevin (Probably) Saves the World.
《凯文拯救世界》的一幕里
– The coldest thing they have.
这是他们最冷的东西了
– Oh, thank you.
噢 谢谢你
– [Lisa] I guess, his eye was swollen,
我猜 他的眼睛肿了
he got hit in it.
他将冰棒贴着脸
– [Narrator] While the details may vary based on the artist,
尽管作品的细节会因艺术家而异
the creation process is pretty standard.
创作过程却是基本一致的
We stopped by Lisa Friedman’s home in New York
我们来到Lisa Friedman位于纽约的家
to see how she makes her fake foods.
去观察她制作食物模型
After the order is submitted,
当订单提交后
typically the customer will send her a real version
一般来说顾客会给她送来
of they want duplicated.
想复制的真实食物
Then she will produce a mold out of the item
然后她会创造一个模型
to get the exact size and shape.
以获知正确的大小形状
– We try to mold it close to the color,
我们会尽力让模型的色彩也逼真
so that we’re not starting with a blank white canvas.
那样就不会只有空白的画布了
– [Narrator] Typically fake foods are made with rubber or foam.
通常 食物模型由橡胶或泡沫材料制成
She pours the material into the mold and lets it set.
她将材料倒入模具 然后让它们凝固
Foam rises like actual dough,
泡沫橡胶会像真的面团一样鼓起来
so she needs to prevent it from spilling out.
所以她需要防止它们溢出
– [Linda] It’s like I’m baking a cake, right?
就像在烘焙一个真的蛋糕 对吗?
I’m baking my bread.
我正在烘焙我的面包
– [Narrator] Then she sands the excess pieces down.
然后她将多余的部分打磨掉
Once the item is dry,
模型一旦变干
it’s painted and detailed to look like real food.
就会被绘画上色 完善细节 变得跟真实食物一样
– With my background in painting,
通过我的绘画打底与上色
I can color it to be as realistic as it is.
我能让它十分逼真
– You just kind of have to look
你只需要
at things a little differently, um,
从稍微不同的角度去看事物 嗯
and think, okay, it’s not made for this
并且想 虽然它不是真的
but it does look like this.
但它看起来就像真的
We use a lot of Styrofoams,
我们使用了大量泡沫塑料
a lot of stuff from the local hardware store, you know, caulking,
并从当地五金店买了很多工具
and dry wall patching, and sheet rock mud.
填充物 石膏板和胶纸夹板
– [Narrator] To replicate granola and ground beef,
为了精准复制燕麦与牛绞肉
Lisa uses crushed cork board.
Lisa使用了压碎的软木板
– Cork is kind of breaks up like granola,
打碎的软木很像麦片
so we took some cork boards and we started breaking it down.
所以我们找了些软木板并压碎它
– [Narrator] Sometimes real food is used.
有时候也会用到真实食物
Like covering actual popcorn, cereal, or candy
比如用树脂包裹真的爆米花 麦片或糖果
in resin to preserve it.
以保存它们
It’s often hard to tell the finished product from the original.
通常很难区分做好的模型和原食物
– I don’t do this for the money.
我做这个不是为了挣钱
It’s more for the accolades,
而是为了它带来的赞美
when my customers write, oh, I love it,
当我的顾客写下“哦 我太喜欢它了“时
it came out great.
那种感觉棒极了
– [Narrator] And while these items
尽管这些道具
might make your mouth water, they’re only a feast for your eyes.
可能会使你口水泛滥 但它们也只是一场视觉盛宴
(whimsical music)
[搞怪的音乐]

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eemkTcS0zsM

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