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洗脑到底是怎么回事

How Real Mind Control Works

对于这个视频 我有一份免责声明
So I have a few disclaimers for this video.
这是很长的一段文字
It’s a whole long text,
但重点是本视频是获得赞助的
but the crux of it is that this video is sponsored
因此别相信我说的任何一句话 也别去创立邪教
so don’t trust a word I say and also don’t start a cult.
这个想法非常糟糕 就像在冬天入侵俄罗斯
It ranks pretty high on the list of bad ideas up there
或购买廉价凉拌卷心菜那样
with invading Russia during the winter and buying discount coleslaw.
尽管如此 从学术角度来看邪教还是很有趣的
Nonetheless,it’s interesting to look at cults from an academic perspective
因为它们是现实生活中真正运用思想控制的
because they are one of the few real instances
为数不多的真实例子之一
where real mind control is really used in real life.
没有人醒来后会说 嘿 我要去参加邪教
“ Nobody wakes up and says’Hey I ’ m going to go join a cult.’”
这是Mia Donovan 她是邪教专家
That’s Mia Donovan, and she’s an expert on cults
因为她拍了一部关于邪教的电影 在网飞上可以观看
since she made a movie about them, available on Netflix.
一个邪教徒不会说自己是邪教徒
“Nobody in a cult will say they’re ina cult.”
同样地 来自明尼苏达州的人也不会承认他们实际上住在加拿大
Similarly, nobody from Minnesotawill admit they actually live in Canada
但这并不意味着这不是真的
but that doesn’t make it not true.
那么什么是邪教呢?
So what is a cult?
这些团体当中 有绝大多数从表面上看
Well.most of these groups have a front as a bible study
都是读经小组 政治小组等
or poltical or some other sort of group,
但是邪教的特点
but what makes a cult a cult
往往就是领导对追随者有压倒性的影响
is often that overwhelming influence the leader has over their followers.
这个过程叫做洗脑
One could call it brainwashing.
令人失望的是 洗脑的实际过程有点抽象
Now,the actual process of brainwashing is somewhat disappointingly abstract and inconcrete.
要洗脑邪教信徒没有具体的三个步骤
There’s no three step guide to brainwashing your cult followers.
这个过程更像是一门艺术 而不是一门科学
The process is more of an art than a science,
以下三个科学的步骤 能帮助你为邪教徒洗脑
so here’s your scientific three step guide to brainwashing your cult followers.
第一阶段是让人崩溃
“The first stage is break people down.
你知道的 要让他们崩溃
you know get them broken.
这是Rick Ross 跟我不是一家人 他也是一位邪教专家
So that’s Rick Ross, no relation,and he’s also an expert on cults.
他称这个过程为 威迫性说服
He calls this process “ coercive persuasion ”
因为他是一位学者 不必去骗取YouTube观众的点击
since he’s an academic and doesn’t have to worry about click-baiting YouTube viewers.
假设你被一群陌生人请去一场演讲或一顿晚餐
Say you get invited to a talk or a dinner by a group of people that you’ve never met before
突然之间 你成了众人的焦点
and suddenly you’re like the center of attention
每个人都向你表达爱慕 赞扬和兴趣
and everybody’s showering you with affection and praise and interest
这是很多邪教都会做的事
and this is something that a lot of cults will do
因为成为别人关注的焦点是难以抗拒的
because that’s a very irresistible thing—to be at the center of somebody’s attention”
只要让人受宠若惊 他们就会陷入圈套
Making people feel special is an overwhelmingly great feeling that traps them in.
Rick 表示 你在这个阶段
Overall,in this stage you need to,
必须谈论世界上生活上所有消极的事
as Rick says, “ Talk about everything negative in the world, negative in their life,
给他们施加很大的压力让他们崩溃
put a lot of pressure on them to crack and break,
第二步就是 改变他们
and then second, change them.
一旦他们处于崩溃状态 你再向他们介绍自己的想法
You know, once they’re in that broken state introduce your ideas.”
作为一位邪教主 不管是在政治 宗教还是其它方面
As a cult leader, you’ll probablyhave some sort of mission for your followers
你都会赋予追随者某种使命
whether it be political, religious, or something else.
第二阶段是 你要加深追随者心中的想法
This second stage is where you fix it in your followers minds.
人们不一定会立刻接受你所说的话
And people won’t necessarily accept what you say immediately,
因为倘若你是一位邪教主
because if you’re a cult leader,
你可能会说一些具有争议的 新奇的 标新立异的
you’re probably saying something controversial, something novel,
就像“世界末日即将来临”或“我们绑架别人吧”
something anti-conformist along the lines of “ doomsday is coming, ” or “ let’s kidnap people, ”
或者“烘手机是魔鬼的杰作
or “hand driers are the work of the devil.
它们声音很大 操作起来又很慢
They’re loud, they’re slow, and you know what,
你可能认为它们更环保
you probably think they’re better for the environment
但乐观的研究表明 其环保程度只高出了20%
but the optimistic studies say they’re only 20% better
而其他研究则表明 它们根本就不环保
while some others say they’re not even greener at all.
你知道烘手机实际上会使你手上的细菌增加117%吗?
Did you know that hand driers actually increase the bacteria on your hands by 117 %.
你最好完全不要洗手!
You’re better off not washing your hands at all!
烘手机会杀死你!”
Hand driers kill!”
这只是一个例子……
That was just an example…
洗脑会在邪教中起作用 是因为有同辈压力
The reason brainwashing works within a cult, is because there is that peer pressure.
现实世界中看似正常的事情看似正常
Things that seem normal in the real world seem that way
是因为它们已被每个人接受
because everyone accepts them,
而在邪教环境中 不正常的事看似正常
while abnormal things seem normal in a cult environment
也是因为它们已被每个成员接受
because everyone within the group accepts them
很多想法都是通过环境控制
“ And a lot of it’s accomplished by environmental control,
社会隔离和信息控制来实现的
social isolation, information control.”
邪教主给人营造另一个世界 从而创造了新的标准
Cult leaders create a new normalby manufacturing people’s worlds.
并且一旦这个人接受了这个标准
“ And then once the person has accepted that program,
那么就进入了第三阶段 强化
then you move to the third stage which is reinforcement.”
一旦建立起了邪教 你就要让人们继续信仰它
You need people to continue tobelieve and continue to stay in a cult
并继续待在邪教中
once it’s established.
现在 我应该确保
At this point I should probably make sure
我不会因为鼓动几十人开始新的邪教而惹上很多麻烦
I don’t get in loads of trouble by inspiring dozens to start new cults.
我要重申 不要建立一个邪教
I’ll reiterate, don’t start a cult.
它可能会好玩一阵子 但到最后几乎一定失败
It may be fun for a while but it almost never works out,
这要归功于像Rick Ross这样的解洗脑专家他还是跟我没啥关系
especially because there are guys like Rick Ross, still no relation, who work as deprogrammers.
本质上 他的工作是消除人们的洗脑 使他们脱离邪教
Essentially,his job is to break people out of cults by dismantling their brainwashing.
这是一个相当复杂的过程
It’s a pretty complicated process,
但从本质上讲 他要先说服教徒 他们加入的是邪教
but essentially he starts by convincing people that they’re in a cult,
并解释邪教造成的伤害
explaining the harm that they’re causing,
然后向他们展示另一条路
and then showing them that there’s another way.
他也是游戏《孤岛惊魂5》的邪教专家
His other job is as the cult expert for the game Far Cry 5.
在游戏中 一个叫Joseph Seed的人建立了一个邪教
In the game, this guy named Joseph Seed starts a cult,
招募了一群人 占领了蒙大拿州的大部分地区杀死了一群人
recruits a bunch of people, takes over a big part of Montana, kills a bunch of people,
如此这般
yada yada yada,
但好消息是 游戏实际上是准确的
but the good news is the game is actually factually accurate
因为Rick Ross说了算
because Rick Ross said so!
我玩过游戏的早期版本
I was able to play an early copy of the game,
虽然我不是一个玩家
and even though I ’ m by no means a gamer,
但它相当好玩 因为故事和基本概念很棒
it was a ton of fun because the story and premise was just so good.
如果你对我说的很感兴趣
If you’re interested at all in how this sounds,
去看预告片吧 它太棒了
go watch the trailer, it’s amazing,
你也可以
and you can also pre-order
在2018年3月27日游戏发布前点击简介中的链接预订
at the link in the description before the game comes out on March 27, 2018.

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视频概述

本视频介绍邪教是如何建立的,如何一步步给他人洗脑

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

杜若

审核员

审核员B

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9GXXAtbWl8

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