ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

Radiohead编曲分析 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

Radiohead编曲分析

How Radiohead Writes A Chord Progression | The Artists Series S2E1

Under my last video for the series, I got a comment saying
在本系列上个视频的评论里 我看到有人说
“that’s it. unsubscribed…0 music theory analysis.”
“也就这样 取消订阅了 完全没有乐理分析”
And that’s fine in the case of Sia. I focus just late elsewhere,
这句话适合上期Sia的视频 因为我把重点放在了其它地方
but now we’re doing Radiohead
但这期我们要做电台司令乐队的专题
Hope you know what you got yourselves into
希望你能沉浸其中无法自拔
了不起的作曲展示
Welcome to season 2 of the artist series
欢迎来到艺术家系列第二季
where we look at the biggest rock music acts in the world
在这里我们能欣赏全世界最盛大的摇滚乐
and what we can learn from them
并且能从中学到很多
in the past, we’ve looked at melody music production
过去的视频里 我们研究了旋律 音乐制作
lighting music videos and marketing
灯光 音乐视频和市场营销
but we never really touched on harmony
但从未深入了解过和声
and since harmony is one of the things I’m asked about most often
和声是我最常被问到的问题之一
and because Radiohead songwriting revolves heavily around their chords
而电台司令的歌曲创作也主要围绕和弦展开
in this episode I will focus on just that.
在这一集 我将关注这一点
But before we do as always perspective before practice
但一如既往 实践之前我们得思考
in other words, what’s Radiohead’s identity?
换句话说 电台司令的特征是什么
It is crucial to understand this before we move into the specifics
在我们专注细节之前 挖掘这个十分重要
because analyzing their image will tell us why they make certain musical decisions
因为分析他们的形象能告诉我们为什么他们选择做出某些音乐
And again the question goes out to you
那么问题再次来了
What do you think of when you think Radiohead?
当你想到电台司令 你在想些什么
Pause this video now think of maybe three or four descriptive words then come back to me
暂停这个视频 想一想 想出三四个描述性的词告诉我
Okay, you ready. Here’s what I came up with, first of all
好了 现在开始 下面是我想到的 首先
their nationality.
他们的国籍
It’s not just the accent, there’s something British about the production and style
这不仅仅关乎口音 还关乎一些英国人独有的创作方式和风格
Second a song, creep
第二 《creep》这首歌
is still Radiohead’s most famous song to date and in a way.
迄今为止在某种程度上 这是电台司令最著名的歌曲
It’s the perfect trailer for their later career
它是他们未来职业生涯的完美预告片
Radiohead sound was always out there always weird and eerie
电台司令的声音总是不可思议的 怪异的
remember how in a previous episode I talked about don’t give them four give them two plus two
记得在之前的视频中我曾说 他们不是四个 而是两个加上两个刚刚好
well Radiohead literally has a song called two plus two equals five
而电台司令有一首歌叫《two plus two equals five》
There’s a certain other worldliness
歌里有一种特定的世俗感
a sense of alienation that runs through all of their music and lyrics
一种贯穿在他们的音乐和歌词中的疏离感
Which is often been credited as a representation of not belonging being the underdog
这通常被认为是无归属感的弱者的典型表现
and as with twenty one pilots there is a sense of contrarianism here as well,
与二十一飞行员乐队同样 电台司令的歌里也有一种对立主义的感觉
but more so a Counterculturism
或者称之为反传统文化
if you followed Radiohead over the years you’ll know that they’ve always changed their style
如果你多年来一直关注电台司令 你就会发现他们风格多变
most notably with kid a which introduced an electronic more abstract side of the band
最有名的是乐队的专辑《kid a》引进了电音 展现了乐队更抽象的一面
and for similar reasons as with twenty one pilots
与二十一飞行员相似的是
there is a large overlap between artist who write depressing music and
这种艺术家有很大的相似之处——
Artists who continuously change their style and this
他们创作绝望的音乐 他们一直在改变风格
darkness does play a big role here as well
而这种阴郁在他们歌里发挥很大的作用
in summary I hope that we can agree that the typical fan
我希望我们能够同意电台司令的典型粉丝
of Radiohead is older than the Angsty teenager we discussed in the twenty one pilots episode
比我们在二十一飞行员的焦虑青少年粉丝更年长
as Radiohead’s music is less accessible more intellectual
毕竟电台司令的音乐更理性 有点难懂
But it does speak to a similar emotion depression angst isolation
但它的确表明了和抑郁 焦虑 孤立相似的情绪
Now with all of this pre work done.
现在 所有准备工作都已经完成
Let’s get into the good bits
让我们进入正题
Let’s start analyzing some songs a little warning though
接下来我们来分析一些歌曲 首先要说明的是
if your music Theory’s only so-so
如果你的音乐理论知识一般般的话
A lot of what’s about to follow might confuse you that’s fine
接下来的很多东西可能让你困惑 但是没关系
because the point I want to make with this
因为在这个视频里我想提出的观点
video will still make sense to you so if
仍然对你很有意义
you let me do this for a
所以如果你听我继续说几分钟
few minutes, I promise there will be a big payoff
我保证在结束的时候
for you at the end of this as well and
你也将会受益良多
Sorry Radiohead. I know you’re not the biggest fans of creep,
不好意思电台司令 我知道你最爱的不是《creep》这首歌
but that’s where we’ll have to start.
但我们还是要从它讲起
1992年《Creep》 专辑《Pablo Honey》
I’m a weirdo
#我是一个怪胎#
what the hell am I doing here
#我是一个怪胎#
I don’t belong here
#我不属于这里#
It’s all there the eeriness the darkness the alienation the
这首歌曲里充斥着怪诞 阴郁 疏离 对立主义
contrarian ISM all summed up perfectly by the music and lyrics
这些都被完美地结合在音乐和歌词里
And it’s all supported by this court progression.
所有这些都被乐章连续支撑着
We’re in G major. Going from the tonic to the mediant up to
这首歌是G大调 从主音到中音
the four and then there’s a bit of modal
到下属音以及一些和弦形式的变化
interchange when we get the four from G minor
接着是G小调的下属音
so that’s already kind of cool since two of these courts do not naturally appear in G Major,
已经很了不起了 因为这两个乐章在G大调里不常见
but what’s even cooler in my mind,
但我觉得更了不起的
and this is where you can really hear the musicality of this band
也是你能真实地听出这个乐队的音乐性的地方在于
Is that the melody follows these chords
旋律跟随着和弦
they didn’t just a cool court aggression and wrote whatever a melody over it
他们不是写了厉害的和弦然后搭配旋律
There’s a strong relationship between the two
因为两者之间是存在紧密联系的
How can you hear that let’s take a listen?
怎么说呢 让我们一起来听一听
I’m a weirdo
#我是一个怪胎#
This line consists of the notes B f
这一行的音符包含了
sharp and D sharp which is an arpeggio of B major
音符B 升F 升D 这些都是B大调的琶音
So the melody here is outlining the underlying harmony
所以这里的旋律尤其强调了其背后的和声
then we get
然后是
what the hell am I doing here
#我不知道自己在这里做什么#
Which keeps coming back to that B the major seven of the C major and then
它又回到音符B的C大调的大七和弦上
I don’t belong here
我不属于这里
That B is turned into a b-flat becoming the minor seven of the C minor
B被降调 变成C小调的小七和弦
And this is why I think in the case
这就是我为什么觉得
of Radiohead these songs begin with a chord progression
电台司令的歌是以和弦进行开始的
And the melody is written to that chord progression
而这些旋律是根据那些和弦写成
This of course is pretty much the opposite
这样当然和我们上一季讨论过的很多艺术家形成鲜明对比
with most of the artists We discussed last season where the harmony plays a lesser role
他们歌里的和声比较弱化
So that was 1992
这是1992年
in 93 they released anyone can play guitar
然后1993年他们发行了专辑《anyone can play guitar》
Which uses very binding chords as well six for seven
用了一些非常有约束力的和弦 和弦级数大都是六级到七级和弦
like most are there chord progressions this is not something you write to a melody you’ve already written
这些旋律不同于他们之前写过的和弦
In 1994 Radiohead released the bends
1994年电台司令发行了专辑《the bends》
with its first single my iron lung
其中第一支单曲是《my iron lung》
the chord progression is G C minor and
用的和弦级数是G C小调
for the most part the melodies set in C Dorian
大部分旋律是C多利亚调式
the only exception is the tagline which follows the chord progression
唯一的例外是接下来的和弦级数
a lack of oxygen from my life support, my iron lung
#氧气匮乏已不能维持生命 我的铁肺#
Did you hear it we get a B instead
你听到了吗 我们听到的是B调
of the B flat normally found in C Dorian and a D
而不是在C多利亚调式和D多利亚调式中常听到的降B调
These very clearly line
这些都是非常清晰的
out the G major chord by hitting its third and fifth
通过演奏三音和五音来凸显G大调和弦
Then we resolve into the third of the C minor E flat
接着C小调的三音变成了降E
So again the melody follows the harmony and
这样旋律由和音主宰了
Radiohead love doing this let’s look at another example in depth
电台司令非常喜欢这种方式 让我们看另一个例子
This chord progression is set in C Dorian and G Dorian which you can see from the A and E here respectively
这个和弦级数是C多利亚调式和G多利亚调式 你可以从这里的A和E分别看出来
So very subtly we get a key change halfway through this chord progression,
非常巧妙的是这个和弦级数中间有个重要的变化
and here’s the melody Tom came up with
下面是汤姆接下来的旋律
please could you stop the noise, I’m trying get some rest
#可否请你停止叫嚣 我需要片刻的安宁#
see all he acknowledges the major six
在两个多利亚音阶中他运用了大六和弦
in both durian scales and then later we get these courts
之后我们可以听到这些和弦
what’s that
#那是什么呀#
This is D deorion again you can hear the characteristic major six being played in the ostinato
这是D多利亚调式 在这个固定音型中你可以听到典型的大六和弦
And it’s the most prominent note in the melody as well
这也是整个旋律中最为突出的音符
This being the same scale as in the verse it connects up nicely
音阶相同 可以完美衔接
But then we get to the court over the E and it’s a dominant chord instead of the diminished chord we would expect
但是E之后的和弦是明显的属七和弦而不是我们预想的减和弦
This transition is accomplished by the F Major seven preceding the E seven here
这个暂转调是由F大七和弦过渡到E大七和弦实现的
It serves as a dominant substitution what we call a Neapolitan chord
它这在里作为明显的替代 我们把它叫做拿波里和弦
This is a major seven chord one semitone higher
这是一个大七和弦 比你想到的要高半个音
than the court you want to go to so it’s like a tritone substitution
它就像三全音代理和弦
But it has a major seven instead
但它用大七和弦替代了小七和弦
of a seven and it typically goes to the dominant
并且它一般具有主导性
And if you just excitedly grabbed your guitar to try that out
如果你兴奋地想拿起你的吉他去尝试
Here’s a few more things Radiohead likes to do number one
以下是一些电台司令经常喜欢做的事
Changing the gender of a chord especially switching
第一 改变和弦
minor to major which is the musical equivalent
尤其是把小调转换成大调
of a nursery rhymes and horror movies
就好像把温柔旋律变成恐怖电影
It’s a strange out of place smile in a dark world
在黑暗的世界里展露诡异的笑容
couldn’t look you in the eye
#我却不敢直视你的双眼#
[music playing]
[音乐播放]
In some cases they also substitute major for minor chords,
在一些情况下 他们也会用小和弦代替大和弦
which has a dreamy sound
使其有梦幻的声音
Number two showing us both versions of a chord major and minor
第二 既有大和弦又有小和弦
I don’t belong here
#我不属于这里#
you paint yourself white
#你用纯洁装饰自己#
and fill own the noise
#以世俗成见填满大脑#
Number three descending a half-step to
第三 在下一个和弦降半个调
the next chord whether that’s from major to major
不管是从大调到小调
oh no pop is dead, long live pop
#哦不 流行音乐已死 不朽的流行音乐#
it died an ugly death by back-catalogue
#它不光彩地死于备份目录#
this is what you get
#这就是你的下场#
Or from minor to major
或者从小调到大调
[music playing]
[音乐播放]
Can’t get the stink off
#无法摆脱这个讨厌的人#
he is been hanging around for days
#他在我周围晃荡已有数日#
Since the minor second is considered a very dark interval
这个小二和弦被视为非常黑暗的间奏
this adds to the eeriness of the band’s sound
它给这个乐队的声音增添了阴森的色彩
Generally we don’t see a lot of movement two minor chords
一般来说 我们很少听到小二和弦
Which is a point in itself and the songs have analyzed two thirds of the courts were major
我们分析过的歌里三分之二的和弦都是大和弦
For a band that’s known for the depressing songs
对于一个因阴郁歌而出名的乐队来说
I think that’s noteworthy and maybe a hint
我认为这是值得一提的 并且也暗示了
at the fact that Radiohead is more about alienation and isolation
电台司令的音乐更多的是异化和隔离
than just pure sadness
而不是单纯的悲伤
This also explains why they don’t use Aeolian
这也解释了为什么他们不用爱奥利亚调式
as much and often go for Dorian
经常寻求多利亚调式
Which because of its major six sounds less dark number five
这是因为大六和弦听起来没那么黑暗
Strange slash chords where the court largely stays the same,
第五 奇怪的分割和弦 和弦的乐章基本上不变
but the bass moves to a weird note
但是贝斯会发出奇怪的音符
and number six ray
第六 和弦长度
Let’s court progressions are rarely four bars long
Radiohead歌里的和弦走向很少是四个小节的长度
Paranoid android is twelve bars nude switches
《Paranoid android》这首歌里的和弦走向是十二小节长
from ten to twelve ideotech is five
《Rude》这首歌里和弦走向是十小节到十二小节 《Ideoteque》这首歌的和弦走向是五个小节
Knives out as eleven jigsaw falling
《knives out》是十一小节 《jigsaw》是十二小节
into place is twelve and the list goes on
并且这样的例子还有很多
This is mostly used in slower less attention-grabbing songs,
这些手法常用在比较散漫的歌里
and it breaks up the structure making it less accessible
它打破了框架 让歌听起来有距离感
But ultimately easier to get lost in the music
但最终更容易让人们沉浸
In the melodies,
在旋律中
there’s a lot of semitonal movement as well
还有许多半音的乐章
Which also adds to the darkness
让歌曲更加黑暗
like when Tom sings a chromatic melody in two plus two equals five
就像汤姆在《two plus two equals five》中用的半音阶旋律
to put the words to rights
让世界维持正常运转
Or how he plays with the semi-tones in pyramid song
或者是他用半音演唱《pyramid song》
black-eyed angels swam with me
#有着乌黑眼眸的天使们同我们一道嬉戏#
Or when they’re using a diminished scale in just
他们在《just》中使用减音阶
[music playing]
[音乐播放]
Combine these semitonal small movements with some big jumps to another chord tone,
这些半音乐章与一些和弦之间巨大的音符跳跃
and you got yourself the Radiohead sound
构成了电台司令乐队的声音风格
I will stay home forever
#我会永远待在家里#
where two and two always makes up five
#二加二总是得五#
you can laugh
#你能放声大笑了#
and fade out again
#再次渐行渐远#
I might be wrong
#我可能错了#
Now if you didn’t understand a word I said in this video
如果我在本视频中说的你一个词都不理解
first of all, thank you for not turning it off just yet
首先得谢谢你还没有关掉它
and second, maybe that’s the point
其次 或许这才是重点
Maybe Radiohead doesn’t want to be understood.
或许电台司令可能不想被理解
Maybe they want to hide behind a thick wall of complexity
可能他们想掩藏在一堵复杂的厚墙之后
It’s like saying nobody understands me anyways which
他们好像在说 反正无论如何都没人理解我
of course feeds into their image of isolation alienation
这当然加强了他们孤立异化的形象
Contracting just those listeners who can empathize
只为吸引那些感同身受的听众
I said this before in my last O&A’s
在我之前的线上回答中我说过
as an artist you get to choose your fans
作为艺术家 你可以选择自己的粉丝
The music you write determines the kind of people you attract into your life
你创作的音乐决定了你吸引到的人的类型
One of the best things about starting a career
在这个行业中最好的一件事就是
in this industry is that you get to decide what kind of people you hang out with in the future
你能决定自己将来要与什么人为伍
professor adrian north of heriot-watt University in Edinburgh
爱丁堡赫里奥特瓦特大学的 Adrian North 博士做了一项迄今为止规模最大的研究
Conducted the largest studies so far on how personality ties to the kind
有关人的性格与所听音乐类型的联系
of music you listen to and here’s what he found
以下是他的发现
Chart pop fans have high self
畅销流行音乐粉有极强的自尊
esteem or heart working outgoing and gentle
性格外向且待人温和
But are not creative and not
但是没有创造力 也不安逸自在
at ease rap fans have high self-esteem and are outgoing
饶舌音乐粉有很强的自尊 而且外向
Country-and-western fans are hardworking and outgoing and rock
乡村音乐迷非常用功 待人友好
fans have low self-esteem are creative not hard-working not outgoing
摇滚乐的粉丝自尊较低 富有创造力 但不用功 不开朗
gentle and it ease
却绅士且安逸
What kind of music you decide to make is
你选择去做什么类型的音乐
not all about which Norah will make you the most money or what jar you like the most
并非这种音乐能让你赚大钱
There’s another factor to take into consideration
还有另一个因素要顾及
Do you like the kind of person you’re writing
当你开始整体的音乐创作时
for when I started holistic stone running?
你喜欢这支音乐的受众吗
I knew I didn’t want to make courses for beginners
我并不想为初学者制作课程
I was more interested in working with people who want to go
我更有兴趣和那些想要变得优秀的人工作
from good to great and so I decided to go deep
所以我决定深入研究
Instead of wide which is also the reason
而不是泛泛之谈
I only released one artists series a month
这也是我一个月只会发布一个艺术家系列的原因
will this throw off most of my viewers yes
这样会失去很多观众吗 会
But I’d rather have a small fanbase
但是我更想有一个中坚的粉丝团
of hardcore fans than 10 million
这胜过一千万个订阅
Subscribers who just want to learn how to play a c-major
他们只想学会怎么正确地
on guitar and make no mistake
用吉他弹奏 C 大调
small audiences can be valuable
小众是很有价值的
because there’s often less stuff made specifically for them and
因为专门为他们做的东西通常很少
When you do make something for them They’re often more willing to buy it
所以当你真的为他们做一些东西 他们会更愿意为之买单
So don’t think you have to write accessible pop music to make a living
所以不要认为自己只能 写迎合大众的流行音乐来谋生
if you only have a thousand fans worldwide
如果你在全世界只有1000个粉丝
But those thousand fans. Love you when buy a hundred bucks
但是每年这1000个粉丝能从你这买价值100美元的东西
worth of stuff from you every year
那他们是真的爱你
That’s a hundred thousand bucks a year,
那就是一年十万美元
which is enough for a three-piece band to make a living
这些钱足够三人乐队的存活了
This is known as the 1,000 true fans theory and
这被叫做1000个真正粉丝理论
if you haven’t wrapped Kevin Kelly’s book
如果你还没有读kevin Kelly的书
Highly suggest you do if you like this video,
强烈建议你去读 如果你喜欢这个视频的话
please like share and subscribe and let me
请点赞 转发 订阅 并且在评论中告诉我
know in the comments which rock artists
在这个季度的艺术家系列里
You’d like to see on this season of the artists series.
你想看到哪一个摇滚明星
This is Holistic Songwriting, take care and stay give a leash
这里是歌曲写作 让我们一起继续关心音乐 点评音乐

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

Radiohead乐队——表达真正的自己,绝不是标新立异。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ABC

审核员

审核员1024

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=alt9sQepob4

相关推荐