ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

皮克斯动画如何用音乐传递情感 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

皮克斯动画如何用音乐传递情感

How Pixar uses Music to make you Cry

好吧 这好像比较简单
Alright, so this seems relatively simple,
你要做的只是拍摄一个很悲伤的场景 找些非常伤感的音乐
all you have to do is to take a really sad scene and get some really sad music
接着在悲伤的场景中播放些伤感的音乐
then play that really sad music over the really sad scene,
然后你就完成了一部完美的皮克斯作品 它会让观众哭得像孩子 是这样吗?
and then you have the perfect Pixar composition to make your audience cry like babies. Right?
哦 事情没有那么简单
Oh, nothing is ever that simple.
如果你确实想让观众落泪
If you actually wanna make people cry,
你需要给悲伤的情景配上快乐的音乐
you have to get happy music and play that over your sad scene.
或至少 配上与情景表达形成对比的音乐
Or the very least, have the music contrast what’s going on the scene.
皮克斯在这方面是专家
And Pixar’s mastered doing this.
好 首先我们要清楚是什么让音乐听起来有快乐和伤心之分
Ok, so first we have to establish what makes music sound happy and sad.
好吧 现在很多人都是这么认为的
Alright, now a lot of people out there are just gonna be like,
“哦 伤感的音乐是小调而欢快的音乐是大调”
“Oh, just the sad music in Minor and the happy music in Major.”
他们错了!
And those people are wrong!
你看 有些音乐元素在人们身上普遍适用
See, there are some elements of music that are universal across all humans.
比如 如果我放一段非常低沉的音乐
Like, if I play a really low sound,
你会本能地认为这是一件重大并令人恐惧的事情
you’re gonna instinctively assume that it came from something big and intimidating.
如果我放一段非常高昂的音乐 你会认为这是件无足轻重的事情
And if I play a really high sound, you’re gonna assume it came from something small,
因为物质世界就是这个感觉
because that’s how physics works.
因此 所有的大型凶残掠食者发出的声音都是更加低沉的
So all the big nasty predators are gonna make lower sounds,
而所有小狗的叫声都是尖锐的
and all the puppies are gonna squeak.
如果吓人的大狗叫声却很尖锐 这多少有点搞笑
And it’s kind of joked behind Alpha Up, big scary dog, funny squeaky voice.
但文化中将大调小调和音调符号与幸福和悲伤联系起来
But associating Major and Minor skills and key signatures with happiness and sadness
是大部分人随着时间的推移发展形成的
is something that most people have actually developed over time through culture.
没错! 如果你曾住在欧洲或历史上某个欧洲殖民地
Yes! If you lived in Europe or European colonies throughout most of the history
听欧洲音乐
and listened to European music
那么对 你就会有这个联想
then yeah, you’re gonna have this association.
但这并非内建于在人类本性中
But it’s not built into the human condition.
看!举个例子 我会给你放这首曲子
See! Here’s an example, I’m gonna play this piece of music for you
你可以猜测曲子的内容 这首曲子想要表达的是什么?
and you’ve gotten to guess this context – what is this piece trying to convey?
这是一首记录于1950年的摇篮曲
This piece is actually a lullaby recorded in 1950
由一名名为Lanaiditsa的祖尼族老妇人记录
by a grandmother named Lanaiditsa from the Zuni nation.
它与拉姆斯摇篮曲“一闪 一闪 小星星”的歌词差别有点大
It’s kind of far away from “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” of that Brahms lullaby.
如果你记得19世纪的祖尼族
And if you remember the Zuni nation in the 19th century,
你倾听这些欧洲乐曲后会作何反应
how might you react to listening to these European pieces.
对你来说 这些曲子是否都听起来像摇篮曲呢?
Do they sound like lullabies to you?
不管怎样 你不能仅仅是让音乐听起来悲伤并希望大家都能明白你的用意
Either way. You can’t just make music sound sad and hope that everybody catches your drift.
那就太怠惰了!
That’s just lazy!
媒体创作者为了普及他们的作品并使其达到一定的效果
What Media Composer do to make their music universal and effective
会创作能够
is that they develop themes
代表某种品质或行为的主旋律或音乐
or pieces of music that represent certain character or action
以推动故事情节的发展
to then influence the development of the story.
皮克斯把这一点做得非常好!
Pixar does this really well!
现在请记住 如果我们想要利用观众的情感
Now remember, if we wanna play with people’s emotions
你就要使他们的视觉和听觉产生冲突
you wanna have a conflicting message between what they hear and what they see.
那么我们以<怪兽电力公司>这部电影为例
So let’s take Monsters, Incorporated for example,
在这个情景里 Sulley将Boo抱到了床上
Here in this scene, Sulley’s putting Boo to bed,
当Boo睡着后
and when she falls asleep,
你看到了Sulley此刻对Boo的情感流露 然后你听见了这段音乐
you kind of see Sulley has this little moment for Boo and you hear this,
创作者在整部电影中点缀了这个主题
And they dot this theme over the movie,
但真正的问题是如何点缀 在哪儿点缀以及为什么要点缀
but the real questions are how, where and why.
观众再次听到这个主旋律是Sulley在刺激器内展示了一次完美的恐吓之后
Well, the next time you hear this theme is after Sulley demonstrates a good scare in the stimulator,
却意外吓到了Boo
but accidentally scares Boo in the crossfire.
这次的情景与我们初次听到这个主旋律的情景形成了鲜明的对比
Now this is in stark contrast how we first heard the theme.
观众第一次听到主旋律时 一切都很平静
The first time we heard this theme, everything was really peaceful.
事实上 Sulley特地提醒过Boo不会吓到她的
In fact, Sulley had just gone out of his way to remind Boo that she wasn’t gonna get scared.
Sulley吓到Boo之后主旋律再次响起
Now that the theme comes back after Sulley scares Boo.
Sulley不得不想办法修复他们之间的友谊
And he has to repair that relationship.
你看 这不是关于Boo或是Sulley的主旋律
See. This isn’t Boo’s theme or Sulley’s theme.
这是代表了两人间友谊的主旋律
This is the theme that represents the relationship between these two.
观众再次听到这个主旋律是在Sulley必须将Boo抱回Boo的房门内的时候
And the next time you hear this when Sulley has to put Boo back in her door,
恰好在双方的友谊即将结束之前
right before it’s gonna get shredded.
你看 这里Sulley觉得这是他最后一次跟Boo见面了
See. Here Sulley thinks this is the last time he’s gonna see Boo
而这首主旋律唤起了Sulley和Boo关于彼此的回忆
And that theme evokes memories of Sulley and Boo,
Sulley开始意识自己不必害怕Boo
when he first realized that he didn’t have to be afraid of her,
Boo也意识到自己不必真的害怕Sulley
and when she realized that she didn’t have to really be afraid of him.
简单的主旋律庆祝也提醒了观众Sulley和Boo之间的友谊
That simple little theme celebrates and reminds the audience of Sulley and Boo’s relationship,
接着来到故事的尾声
just as it’s coming to an end.
最后 在电影的结尾你最后一次听到了主旋律
And finally, you get that theme one last time just at the end of the movie,
Mike关上门 Sulley又看了Boo一眼
when Mike puts the door back together and Sulley gets to see Boo again.
Boo?
Boo?
猫咪!
Kitty!
做得好!
Awesome job!
<飞屋环游记>并不是皮克斯动画撩拨观众心弦的一个典型范例
So another great example of Pixar confusing your heartstrings isn’t Up.
我知道你们当中很多人会说
I know a lot of you are gonna say,
“现在我只想找到一个简单的例子 因为<飞屋环游记>是以一组极其悲伤的镜头开始的”
“Now I’m just going for the easy target cause Up started with that super sad sequence.”
我们来看看吧
Let’s actually look at that.
这部影片由Michael Giacchino配乐
So this film is scored by a guy called Michael Giacchino.
在他关于这部电影的专访中
And in his interview specifically about this movie,
他表示他希望自己所有的配乐作品都拥有一种音乐身份
he talks about how he likes all his movies to kind of have one musical identity.
就<飞屋环游记>而言 他说到自己喜欢这个和弦
And for Up specifically, he talks about like this one chord.
我也一直在寻找 对 我能否在一首和弦里总结自己的情感
And I’m trying to search for, ok, if I can sum up my feeling in one chord,
那将会是怎样的呢?
what’s gonna that, gonna be?
就这部电影而言是这样的
And, for the films here was this,
[钢琴曲]
[Piano Music]
这个旋律 你懂的 我的意思是 大体上它不是F调
That chord right there, you know, I mean, basically it’s not F.
不是C调 它几乎同时是这两个调 这是 你懂的 F调和大七度相结合的结果
It’s not C. It’s almost both. It’s, you know, F and Major seventh.
但如果是悲伤的情境会有这样的味道
But it has this tinge if sadness to it.
我不知道 这首和弦有一些东西……
I don’t know. There’s something about that chord that…
非常的…… 有点呼应之前
It’s very, oh, it kind of reaches back.
好 我们回过头去听听葬礼的主旋律
So, let’s get back to that funeral theme.
听一听葬礼主旋律的主题是否有什么变化
Listen to what happens to that main theme during the funeral theme.
钢琴独奏
Solo piano.
现在这是观众唯一一次听到钢琴独奏的主旋律
Now this is the only time we hear the theme of solo piano.
观众第一次真正听到它是在Ellie给Fredricksen Ellie徽章的时候
The first time we actually hear is when Ellie gives Fredricksen the Ellie badge.
接着主旋律再次响起 这时Ellie发现自己不能生育正自己一个人坐着
And then again, when Ellie sitting by herself after she finds out she can’t have kids
Fredricksen让她回忆她的探险本
and Fredricksen reminds her of her adventure book.
这里 Giacchino将之称为“Ellie的主旋律”
Now, Giacchino calls this the Ellie theme.
这样 在葬礼上
And so, by the funeral scene,
“Ellie的主旋律”已经建立在听众的脑海里了
Ellie’s theme has already been established in the listeners’ mind.
那主旋律大致概括了Ellie的冒险精神和她在Fredricksen生命中的存在
That kind of encapsulates her sense of adventure and her presence in Fredricksen’s life.
又一次 主旋律再次响起时
So again, the next time the theme comes up
Fredricksen已经从法庭回来并准备好离开自己的家
is when Fredricksen is coming back from court and is getting ready to leave his home,
他找到了Ellie的本子
and he finds Ellie’s book.
这个本子激起了Fredricksen探险的欲望
And she inspires him for adventure.
又一次 Ellie的主旋律真真切切代表了Ellie传递给Fredricksen的冒险精神
Again, Ellie’s theme really represents the sense of adventure that she gave Fredricksen.
随后 Ellie的主旋律在电影的其他部分出现很少
And then, the theme kind of fades away for the rest of the movie,
除了在两个关键时刻
except for two critical points.
第一次是Fredricksen似乎已经放弃的时候
The first is when Fredricksen seems to have given up.
他将自己的房子安置在天堂瀑布
He’s put his house on Paradise Falls
但他注意到Ellie一直在自己的探险本上
but notices that Ellie has being filling up her adventure book
记录两人生活中一起经历的事情
with all the things they did throughout their lives together.
观众第二次听到那首主旋律 是在Fredricksen将Ellie徽章送给Russell时
And you hear that theme again when Fredricksen is passing on the Ellie badge to Russell.
这两个瞬间都激发了Ellie传递给Fredricksen的冒险精神
Both times evoke that sense of adventure that Ellie gave Fredricksen
也提醒着观众
and really serves to remind the audience that
或许Ellie不在房子或本子里
maybe Ellie might not have been in the house or the book,
但她却从未真正离开Fredicksen的身边
but had never really left Fredicksen aside.
即使你不那么深入地去看这个主题
And even if you don’t wanna look at the theming that deeply,
从进行中的悲伤葬礼
you still have the theme from the sad funeral
Fredricksen的神情 Ellie的幸福生活
being played over Fredricksen looking over how happy Ellie’s life was
以及Russell的徽章仪式上 你还是可以体会到这点
and over Russell’s badge ceremony.
同样的 有些情景应该是快乐的
Again, something that was supposed to be a happy occasion.
那么 皮克斯还运用了哪些其他的方法呢?
Now, how else has Pixar done this?
那么 如果我不聊聊<玩具总动员3>的结局我一定会很难受
Well, I’d be hard-pressed if I didn’t talk about the end of Toy Story 3.
天呐!每次看这个结局我都会哭 每一次!
God! I can’t watch the end without crying, every single time!
这个情景里 进行配乐并点缀其中之前
Just before the music begins in the scene, and dotted throughout,
创作者引用了玩具总动员1中的歌曲
they make small references to You’ve Got a Friend in Me in the original Toy Story.
如果我没有了解的这么仔细
And if I didn’t know any better,
我会说他们参考了Jessie的中的部分
I’d say they throw in some of Jessie’s When Somebody Loved Me as Well.
但可能只有我会
But that just might be me.
我觉得自己没有必要去解释这点
I don’t think I really have to explain this one.
我不确定自己是否能够表达清楚
I’m not sure I can put into words.
好吧 聊的够多了
Alright, but enough talk.
我们自己来分析一个情景吧
Let’s do one ourselves.
我们以一个超级情绪化的情景为例
Let’s take a scene that try to be super emotional,
不过由于音乐信息的缺失可能不会有效
but maybe wasn’t that effective from the lack of musical information.
这里有一个情景
And I got one right here for ya.
这个情景来源于<超能陆战队>
This scene from Big Hero 6.
Boymax正向Hiro展示自己信息库内所有关于Tadashi的记录
When Baymax is showing Hiro all those recordings of Tadashi in his workshop.
这个情景中添加了音乐 但是效果并不明显
So this scene has some music in it but it’s kind of subtle.
并没有在电影的任何片段真正建立起某种纽带
And it’s nothing that was really established anywhere in the movie.
我是说即使建立了
I mean even if it was,
也太过隐晦 以致于不能使第一次观看影片的观众联想起什么
it’s so hidden that it wouldn’t really be able to remind a first-time watcher of
任何电影之前的情景
any of the previous scenes from the movie.
因此在电影的大部分情景里 导演似乎决定通过对话使情景变得沉重
So for the most part, it looks like the director decided to go with the dialogue heavy scene,
音乐大多成了衬托
and just have the music be mostly incidental,
<超能陆战队>的主题曲能够流行真是一件奇怪的事情
which is weird considering how prevalent the main theme is in Big Hero 6.
不管怎样!我觉得不利用这个情景是错失了一个绝佳的机会
Either way! I felt like this scene was a huge missed opportunity.
所以我们尝试让它更好
So we are gonna try to make it a little better.
好吧!我们打算创作一个
Alright! So, what we wanna dois we wanna get an established musical theme
能够和电影中的情景形成直接对比的音乐主旋律
that directly contrasts with what’s going on in the scene.
这个情景中发生了什么呢?
And what’s going on in the scene?
Hiro想起了他过世的兄弟
Hiro’s being reminded of his dead brother.
那么如果我们能够浏览音乐目录
So what if we can scan the musical catalogues
并找到一首歌颂家族纽带的电影的主旋律 播放它会怎样
and find a theme from a film that celebrates the family bond, and play that over the top.
我找到一首!
And I found one!
<海底总动员>的主题曲
Nemo’s Egg from Finding Nemo.
观众第一次听到这首曲子是在Nemo的妈妈和兄弟姐妹被一只邪恶的鱼杀死之时
So when you first hear this piece, Nemo’s mom and siblings all just died of an evil fish.
Marlin带着残留的一只鱼卵独自离开了
and Marlin was left alone with an egg that got a little messed up.
主题曲开始响起
And then the theme plays.
所以这首主旋律代表着Marlin和Nemo 这对父子之间的情感纽带
So this theme is encoded to represent not just the bond between Marlin and Nemo, father and son,
它也代表着双方共同经历的创伤
but it also represents this trauma bond that the two have,
不管怎样 这对父子已经紧密地关联在一起了
that no matter what, this two have to stick together
因为在这个世界上他们是彼此的唯一
because they are all they have in the world.
那是一种非常强烈的关系远比Liam Neeson更可靠
That’s some pretty intense stuff way more relatable than Liam Neeson.
每当这首主旋律响起
And every time this theme comes back,
是Marlin和Nemo在某种程度上进行情感互动的时候
Marlin and Nemo in some way are interacting with each other.
第一次 当Marlin必须从水母那里解救Dory时
First, when Marlin has to save Dory from the jellyfish,
他试着保持清醒 但他清醒时说的最后一句话是 Nemo
he tries to stay awake but his last conscious words are, Nemo,
接着Nemo的镜头逐渐模糊 Nemo告诉它爸爸它有生命危险
just as the camera fades to Nemo talking by his dad to kill him.
第二次 当Nigel开始向Nemo讲述
Then again, when Nigel starts to tell Nemo about all the adventures that
为了找到自己的儿子 Nemo Marlin的种种经历时
Marlin’s gone through just to try and find his son, Nemo.
第三次 当Marlin告诉Dory
Then again, when Marlin is telling Dory that
他答应Nemo会保证自己的安全 不会有事时
he promised Nemo that he would be safe and nothing would happen to him.
第四次 三只鱼成功解救Nemo 使其避免最终沦为加油站的鱼寿司时
Then again, after the trio saved the school fish from being turned into gas station sushi.
最后是在电影结尾时
And then finally, at the very end of the movie,
当Nemo第一天来到职业安全与健康署认可的学校时
when Nemo goes to his very first day of OSHA-approved school,
他短暂地离开课堂最后一次拥抱了爸爸
and he briefly leaves his class to give his dad one last hug.
如果这个主旋律不是关于家族纽带的话 那我就不知道什么是了
If this theme isn’t about family bonding, then I don’t know what is.
好吧 在Baymax努力使Hiro和他哥哥重逢的情景里 我们配上那首主旋律
Alright, so let’s take that theme played over the scene of Baymax trying to reunite Hiro with his brother.
Tadashi已经不在了!
Tadashi’s gone!
Tadashi在这儿!
Tadashi is here!
不 他不在这儿!
No, he’s not here!
Tadashi在这儿!
Tadashi is here!
啊 我觉得这个有效果
Awww, I think that worked.
这个创意是我们从情感上震撼了观众
The whole idea is we shocked our audience emotionally.
对 Hiro和他的哥哥重逢了
Yes, Hiro and his brother are reunited.
主旋律概括了这点
And the theme encapsulated that.
但实际他们并没有在一起 因为哥哥太欣赏他的教授了
But they aren’t really together, because his brother liked his professor a little too much.
这是一种让人想哭的复杂情感
And it’s that mixture confusing feelings that make people cry.
在我们开始说“哦 <海底总动员>的电影配乐更好”之前
Before we start saying, “Oh well, Finding Nemo just had a better soundtrack.”
那并不相关
That’s irrelevant.
那只与如何运用音乐有关
It’s all about how the music was used.
创作者本可以在<超能陆战队>里设计一个关于朋友或家庭的主旋律
They could have established a friend or family theme in Big Hero 6
当两兄弟在房间里玩骑马游戏时
when the two brothers are horsing around in their room,
或是当Tadashi和自己的朋友一起为Hiro的演讲道贺时
or when tadashi and his friends are all congratulating Hiro on his presentation,
或是他们本可以在葬礼的蒙太奇画面中配上一段主旋律
or they could have even established a theme during the funeral montage,
当Boymax播放录像时可以再次运用进来
and then brought that back when Baymax is playing the recordings,
甚至在对话中也可以
even over the dialogue.
这是Hiro和哥哥之间本可以建立起的一种音乐纽带
Just something that would have established a musical relationship between Hiro and his brother.
至少 这会意味着什么
At least, it would have been something.
感谢收看 希望你喜欢

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

介绍皮克斯动画中用音乐向观众传递情感的方法

听录译者

红宝石

翻译译者

Yuan LLL

审核员

审核员 AF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i8HePfa7WYs

相关推荐