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碧根果仁是怎么生产出来的

How Pecans Are Manufactured | How It’s Made

叙述者:
♪♪ Narrator:
碧根果长在树上
PECANS GROW ON TREES
是北美洲中南部的土特产
THAT ARE NATIVE TOSOUTH-CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA.
实际上 “碧根果”是阿冈昆的说法
IN FACT,”PECAN” ISAN ALGONQUIN WORD
意思是“需要石头敲开的坚果”
THAT MEANS”A NUT THAT TAKESA STONE TO CRACK.”
如今 由电脑操作的剥壳机替你完成这件事
TODAY,COMPUTERIZED SHELLINGMACHINES DO THAT JOB FOR YOU.
碧根果可以为任何食谱增添风味和嚼劲
PECANS ADD FLAVORAND CRUNCH TO ANY RECIPE.
其本身也是一种令人喜爱的美味
THEY CAN ALSO BE A SATISFYINGTREAT ON THEIR OWN.
但是加工碧根果完全是另一回事儿
BUT MANUFACTURING PECANS IS ANENTIRELY DIFFERENT NUT TO CRACK.
在收获的季节 包着坚果的外皮开始打开
AT HARVEST TIME, THE HUSKS THAT CONTAIN THE NUTS START TO OPEN.
在这片果林
AT THIS ORCHARD,
一台机器勾住树干并把坚果摇到地上
A MACHINE GRABS THE TREE TRUNKS AND SHAKES THE NUTS TO THE GROUND.
一旦落到地上 清扫器就会把坚果
ONCE ON THE GROUND,A SWEEPER MOVES THE PECANS
扫离果树并且堆成一排
AWAY FROM THE TREESAND INTO A ROW.
同时它还吹走一些较轻的碎片
IT ALSO BLOWS AWAYSOME OF THE LIGHTER DEBRIS.
一台桨轮收割机负责收集碧根果
A HARVESTER WITH PADDLE WHEELSCOLLECTS THE PECANS.
一旦落到收割机上 链式传输机像真空吸尘器
ONCE ON THE HARVESTER,THE PECANS RIDE CHAIN CONVEYORS
把碧根果中的碎片去除
AS VACUUMS REMOVEAND DISCARD DEBRIS
然后碧根果被送到清洗车间
THEN THE PECANS ARE TRANSFERREDTO A CLEANING PLANT.
碧根果被装进一个槽里
THE PECANS ARE UNLOADEDINTO A PIT,
并通过传送带送到里面
AND A CONVEYORTAKES THEM INSIDE.
碧根果经过漏斗进入一个槽筒并旋转翻滚
THE PECANS FUNNEL INTO A SLOTTEDDRUM AND TUMBLE AROUND.
槽筒把去皮的碧根果
THE DRUM SORTSTHE DEHUSKED PECANS
和有皮的碧根果区分开来
FROM THOSE THAT HAVE RETAINEDTHEIR HUSKS.
在这台封闭的机器里 旋转的钢丝刷掉更多的外皮
IN THIS ENCLOSED MACHINE, SPINNING WIRE BRUSHES REMOVE MORE OF THE HUSKS.
鼓风机把较轻的皮吹进一个大罐子里
BLOWERS RELEASE THE LIGHTERHUSKS INTO A BIG BIN
以便于后面处理
TO BE DISPOSED OF LATER.
经过多次加工后 用相机对坚果进行拍照
AFTER MORE PROCESSING, PICTURES OF THE NUTSARE TAKEN WITH CAMERAS.
一台电脑监控这些图片
A COMPUTER MONITORSTHE PICTURES
防止还有碧根果未去掉皮
FOR ANY HUSKSSTILL ATTACHED TO THE PECANS.
一旦有带皮 电脑就激活鼓风机去除它们
IF ANY ARE IDENTIFIED, THE COMPUTER ACTIVATES A BLOWER TO REMOVE THEM.
外皮被去除以后
WITH THE HUSKS REMOVED,
收集器存储那些破碎或者裂开的碧根果
HARVESTERS SORT OUTANY OF THE PECANSTHAT ARE CRACKED OR SPLIT OPEN.
此时 碧根果大约含12%的水分
AT THIS POINT, THE PECANSCONTAIN ABOUT 12% MOISTURE,
这足以导致变质
WHICH IS HIGH ENOUGHTO CAUSE DETERIORATION.
所以碧根果在收集器里面经过24小时风干
SO HARVESTERS LEAVE THE PECANSTO DRY FOR 24 HOURS,
从而使含水量降到4%
TO LOWER THEIR MOISTURE CONTENTTO 4%.
一旦风干完成
ONCE DRYING IS COMPLETE,
碧根果就会被送到去壳车间
THE PECANS ARE TRANSFERRED TO THE SHELLING PLANT,
在这里它们被投入氯水池中
WHERE THEY ARE PLUNGED INTOA CHLORINE-AND-WATER BATH.
这有清洗和再水化的作用
THIS BOTH CLEANS THEMAND REHYDRATES THEM.
没有足够的水分 碧根果在打开时会变成碎片
WITHOUT SUFFICIENT MOISTURE, THE PECANS WILL BREAK INTO BITSDURING CRACKING,
目的是选出完整的部分用来零售
AND THE OBJECTIVE IS TO EXTRACTINTACT HALVES FOR RETAIL.
碧根果用180度的热水进行冲洗
THE PECANS ARE RINSED IN WATER AT A TEMPERATURE OF 180 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT.
这一步是为了去除残留的氯
THIS STEPREMOVES CHLORINE RESIDUE,
给碧根果消毒
SANITIZES THE PECANS,
并把含水量提升到7.5%
AND RAISES THE MOISTURE CONTENTTO 7.5%.
现在是时候用全自动处理进行剥壳了
NOW IT’S TIME TO GET CRACKING WITH THE COMPLETELYAUTOMATED PROCESS.
在这台剥壳机里 活塞同时撞击每个坚果的末端
INSIDE THE SHELLER, PISTONS HIT EACH ENDOF A NUT SIMULTANEOUSLY,
完全把它打开
CRACKING IT CLEANLY.
去壳的碧根果通过一道振动筛
THE DESHELLED PECANS TRAVELACROSS A VIBRATING SIFTER
并按照尺寸储存
THAT SORTS THEM BY SIZE.
然后 碧根果从电控系统前掉落
THEN THE PECANS FALL IN FRONTOF AN ELECTRONIC SYSTEM,
这套系统释放一股空气
WHICH RELEASES A BLAST OF AIR
去除残留的外壳碎片
THAT REMOVES ANY LINGERINGSHELL PIECES.
第二道过滤系统去除多余的小碧根果碎片
A SECOND SIFTING SYSTEM REMOVES ANY ADDITIONALSMALL PECAN BITS.
这些碧根果会被包装成块状糖和商业糕点
THESE PECANS WILL BE PROCESSED INTO CANDY BARSAND COMMERCIAL PASTRIES.
电子分选机已经去除了大部分的外壳
THE ELECTRONIC SORTERHAS REMOVED MOST OF THE SHELLS,
但不是全部
BUT NOT ALL OF THEM.
工作人员检查碧根果
TECHNICIANS VISUALLY SCANTHE PECANS
并挑出残余的外壳
AND PICK OUTTHE REMAINING SHELLS.
碧根果继续在传送带上传输
THE PECANS CONTINUE ALONGTHE CONVEYOR
并且掉进传送带尾部的纸箱中
AND FALL INTO CARDBOARD BOXESAT THE END OF THE LINE.
为了制作烤碧根果零食
TO PREPAREA TOASTED PECAN SNACK FOOD,
把盐和黄油加到这些坚果中
SALT AND BUTTER ARE ADDEDTO THE NUTS.
然后这些坚果在烘烤器里混合烤熟
THEN THE NUTS ARE COOKEDAND MIXED IN A ROASTER.
包装的时候 工作人员把碧根果倒进量杯中
IN PACKAGING, TECHNICIANSPOUR THE PECANS INTO MEASURING JUGS,
然后把它们全倒进塑料袋中
THEN EMPTY THEM INTO PLASTIC BAGS.
把袋子口进行热密封
HOT JAWS SEALTHE TOPS OF THE BAGS
从而保持碧根果新鲜 延长保质期
TO KEEP THE PECANS FRESHAND EXTEND THEIR SHELF LIFE.
既然是零食 顾客们不希望费力去
READY FOR RETAIL, CONSUMERSWON’T HAVE ANY TROUBLE
剥碧根果的壳
CRACKING THESE PECANS.
这样他们能够直接吃了
THEY CAN GO STRAIGHTTO SNACKING.

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视频概述

碧根果吃起来比较麻烦,那么市场上包装的碧根果仁是怎么生产出来的呢?观看本视频,你就能找到答案。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

xd

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhqW-eZ9Vtg

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