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我们到底需要多少睡眠? – 译学馆
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我们到底需要多少睡眠?

How Much Sleep Do You REALLY Need?

嗨 欢迎来到“品生活”
Hey there and welcome to Life Noggin.
设想一下你每天晚上只睡一两个小时会怎么样?
What if you only slept a couple of hours everynight?
睡眠真的对你的健康和幸福那么重要么?
Is sleep really that important to your healthand well being?
一起来看看吧 看完后你会觉得需要小憩一下
Let’s find out together… and then maybetake a well-earned nap.
有些人看起来真的只需要睡几小时
Well,it looks like some people might only really need a few hours of sleep.
这些人被叫做“短时睡眠者”或“精致睡眠者”
Called “ short sleepers ” or the “ sleepless elite ”,
这些人们大约占了
these individuals might make up
全社会的1%
about 1 % of our society and are
他们都是百灵鸟或者夜猫子
the early birds and night owls of the world, only needing
只需要睡很少几个小时
a few hours a night with the sandman.
甚至一个小时就够了!
Maybe even just 1!
然而 有些科学家质疑
However,some scientists disagree on
这些晚上只睡几个小时的人
if these individuals are still at their best health
是不是真的健康状态很好
at only a few hours of sleep a night,
即使他们真的都很健康
and even if they are and this is true,
要知道 只有极少数的人能这样
keep in mind that they’re onlya very small percent of the population.
我们大多数人都要比这些人睡更久才行
Most of us need quite a few morehours of sleep a night then that.
不过到底要睡多久呢?
But just how much?
美国国家睡眠基金会建议
The National Sleep Foundation recommends that
成年人需睡7至9小时
adults get between 7 to 9 hours of sleep and
青少年则需8至10小时
teenagers get around 8 to 10.
年龄越小 所需睡眠时间越长
This amount increases the younger a person is,
新生儿一天要睡14-17小时
with newborn babies needing 14-17 hours
才能保持最佳健康状态
of sleep for optimal health.
对那些上课打瞌睡的青少年朋友们
And for all my teenage friendswho find it hard to stay awake in class,
NSF的睡眠专家是你最坚强的后盾
the sleep experts atthe National Sleep Foundation have your back.
他们说这是因为你的生物钟
They say your biological internal clocks help
为了在你熬夜时帮你保持清醒
keep you awake later in the evening,
这样你早上上课的时候就想睡觉了
making it so that you want to stay asleep during those early morning classes.
哎 我还以为只有我这样呢!
Phew! I thought it was just me.
看起来保证充足的睡眠
It seems like getting the right amount sleep
对大多数人的健康来说都至关重要
is important to staying healthy for most people.
在一项对老年人的研究中
With a study that looked at older adults,
人们发现睡眠不足6小时或
researchers found that sleeping less than
超过10小时的
6 hours or more than 10 a night was associated
都更有可能得病
with a higher likelihood of healthcare use.
睡的少有更大的几率
Shorter sleep durations were linked with greater odds
接受急诊治疗
of emergency department visits and longer
睡的久则有更大几率会住院治疗
sleep durations linked up with greater oddsof overnight hospital stay.
可能我们应该说
Maybe the saying should be
每天睡刚好 医生远离我
the right amount of sleep a day can keep the doctor away.
这么说挺好 因为我不咋喜欢吃苹果
yeah let’s make it thatcuz I’m not really a big fan of apples.
睡眠不规律对健康也有不良影响
Disrupting your sleep seems to have negative consequences on your health as well.
根据近期的一些研究报道
Based on current studies,
睡眠不规律更有可能患痴呆症
sleep disruption has been reported toincrease the risk of incident dementia.
有一项研究调查了737位老年人
One such study examined 737 older adults
然后发现大部分睡眠不规律者
and found that greater amounts of sleep fragmentation
更有可能认知能力下降
was associated with an increase incognitive decline.
睡眠少似乎也和最常见的一种痴呆
Sleeping less also seems to havea correlation with Alzheimer’s disease,
即老年痴呆症有关联
which is the most common form of dementia.
2017年哈佛大学出版社出版的评论文章
In a 2017 review article published by the Oxford University Press,
假设人类对短睡眠周期的自然选择
it’s been hypothesized thathuman’s natural selection for shorter sleep cycles
是向生理机制的效率的妥协
has compromised the efficiencyof the physiological mechanisms
而睡觉帮助我们预防老年痴呆症
that protect us against Alzheimer’s disease during sleep.
他们认为这是人类比其他灵长类睡的更少
They believe this because humans sleep less than other primates,
却更容易患老年痴呆症的病理原因
but have a much higher prevalenceof Alzheimer’s disease pathology.
这篇文章最近刚发表
This article was very recent,
未来在这方面将会有更多研究
but further research to shed more light on this
有望帮助人们防治老年痴呆症
could potentially go a long way withprotecting people from Alzheimer’s disease!
长话短说 为了你的身体健康 你应该睡会儿觉
long story short you should probablyget some sleep because your body depends on it
所以你知道你的最佳睡眠时间是多少吗?
So what have you found to bethe best amount of sleep for you?
你有关于睡觉的小窍门吗?
Any tips on how to catch a few more Z’s?
在下面的评论区里告诉我吧
Let me know down in the comments below!
告诉你们“品生活”增加了“玩生活”频道啦
you guys haven’t heard life noggin has relaunched a channel called play noggin
探索你最喜爱的游戏的奥秘
it’s all about exploring the scienceof your favorite video games.
如果你喜欢“品生活” 还想了解更多的话
so if you love life noggin and want to learn even more,
就来看看吧
check it out.
有些 我的世界 的玩家投入许多时间
Some minecraft users have dedicated countless hours
在游戏里建造电脑
to building in-game computers.
有个叫汉斯·李·莫尔森的玩家甚至
one such user hans lee Merson even
在我的世界里模拟建造了一个我的世界
even built one that simulates minecraft within Minecraft.
我是Blocko 这里是品生活频道
As always, I’m Blocko and this has beenLife Noggin.
别忘了要一直思考哦
Don’t forget to keep on thinking!

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春眠不觉晓,到底睡多少?

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9HjtFqBi494

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