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在今天建造著名的地标性建筑要花多少钱

How Much It Would Cost to Build Famous Landmarks Today

Stonehenge, the Taj Mahal, the Great Pyramid of Giza
巨石阵 泰姬陵 吉萨大金字塔
are all incredible historical monuments and impressive engineering feats!
都是令人难以置信的历史遗迹和印象深刻的工程壮举!
But have you ever wondered
但是你可曾想过
how much it would cost to build these awe-inspiring landmarks nowadays?
现在建造这些令人惊叹的地标要花多少钱呢?
Spoiler warning: The Great Pyramid isn’t even the most expensive!
剧透警告:大金字塔甚至不是最贵的!
Let’s begin.
我们开始吧
Counting down from No.13 Big Ben
从第13名的大本钟开始倒数
Completed in 1859,
完工于1859年
the name refers both to the tower and the massive bell inside.
大本钟的名字指钟楼和里面的大钟
The very first bell broke and was replaced with a second one,
最早的钟坏了 第二个钟取而代之
which also broke and had to be repaired!
第二个钟也坏了 需要修理!
Does that come with a warranty?
有保修单吗?
Probably should use more durable materials?
可能该用更耐用的材料吧?
On that note…
说回来……
Let’s say you just want to make yourself a Big Ben Bell.
假设你只想给自己做一个大本钟
You’ll need to get hold of $63,000 for copper, 67,000 for tin,
你需要搞来6万3千美元的铜 6万7千美元的锡
90,000 for the workers, and 3,000 for cranes and the whole installation process.
9万美元人工费 起重机和整个安装过程需支付3千美元
In total, it’s $223,000.
合计22万3千美元
A modest price compared to the rest of the items on this list!
与清单上的其他项目相比 价格亲民!
MY budget’s rather limited.
我的预算相当有限
Can we do a pretty Big Ben for a lot less?
我们能用更少的钱做一个漂亮的大本钟吗?
No.12 The Statue of Liberty
第12名 自由女神像
The iconic Liberty Enlightening the World (which is the statue’s original name)
标志性的“自由照耀世界”(雕像原名)
was constructed in France
建造于法国
and then delivered to the US as a gift in 1886.
然后在1886年作为礼物送到美国
It took almost a decade to create this iconic landmark
该地标建筑花费近十年时间建成
whose height from the ground to the tip of the torch is 305 ft –
它从地面到火炬顶端的高度是305英尺
that’s about 30 storeys!
大约就是30层楼高!
To build the same statue nowadays, you’d need $780,000 for the materials
如今 建造同款雕像 需要78万美元的材料
(copper, steel, and concrete) and half a million for the construction work.
(铜 钢和混凝土)和50万美元施工费
Meaning the total cost of your Statue of Liberty project
这意味着自由女神像项目的总成本
would be almost 1.3 million bucks.
将近130万美元
11. Stonehenge
第11名 巨石阵
This is one of the world’s oldest remaining monuments,
这是世界上现存最古老的遗迹之一
and it’s easily one of the most recognizable.
也是辨识度最高的遗迹之一
If you squint, it kind of looks like someone left a gigantic set of dentures.
如果斜视 它看起来有点像有人留下的一副巨大的假牙
The construction is made up of gigantic 25-ton megaliths –
这座建筑是由25吨重的超大巨石组成的
large upright stones put in place by people thousands of years ago.
由数千年前的人们堆放的大型直立石阵
The whole thing took 1,500 years to build,
整个工程耗时1500年
but let’s hope your project goes a little faster…
但我们希望你的工程进展得快一点……
The landmark consists of two types of stones.
这个地标由两种石头组成
So, that’ll be $1 million for the sarsen stones (the smaller ones),
因此 那将是100万美元的萨尔森石(较小块)
100,000 for bluestones (those are the big ones),
10万美元的蓝石(大块头)
another 100,000 for trenching,
另外10万美元用于挖沟
and 2.3 million for the labor and cranes.
230万美元用于人工和起重机
The final bill: around 3.5 million bucks.
终极账单 大约350万美元
Hmm. I don’t have that much.
嗯 我没那么多钱
How about “Fiberglas Henge”?
“玻璃纤维阵”行不行?
No.10 The Leaning Tower of Pisa
第10名 比萨斜塔
The tower’s construction started in the 12th century,
比萨斜塔的建造始于12世纪
and took 200 years to complete.
历时200年完成
Unfortunately, the soil under the foundation was too soft
不幸的是 塔基下的土壤太软
to hold the 15,000 tons of the tower’s weight.
无法承受15000吨的塔重
That’s why it became known as “leaning”!
这就是为什么它被称为“斜塔”!
It’s rumored the architect had one leg shorter than the other,
有传言说建筑师的一条腿比另一条短
and so didn’t notice any difference…
所以没察觉出任何异样……
If you decided to build your own Tower of Pisa,
如果你决定建造自己的比萨斜塔
you’d need to spend almost $3 million on the white marble it’s made from.
你需要花费近300万美元来购买修建它的白色大理石
The cranes and labor would add 1.2 million to that.
起重机和劳力将增加120万费用
If you’re willing to shovel over $4.2 million in total
如果你愿意共计砸钱420万美元
remember to build it in a suitable place!
记得挑合适的地方建造它!
I’d rather buy a Leaning Tower of Pizza, myself!
我情愿给自己买个比萨饼斜塔
Imagine all the pepperoni!
想象一下所有意大利腊肠的美味
9. The Eiffel Tower
第9名 埃菲尔铁塔
Even though Parisians weren’t happy about the iron giant
虽然巴黎人对这个铁巨人
once it completed its 2-year construction in 1889,
从1889年耗时两年完工后就不满意
the thing turned out to be a hit!
但它还是成了热门
The Eiffel Tower is usually 985 ft tall,
埃菲尔铁塔通常高985英尺
but I say “usually” since its height changes!
我说“通常”是因为它的高度在变化
When it’s cold, it can shrink by 6 inches.
天冷时 它会缩短6英寸
In any case, to build an Eiffel Tower in your backyard,
无论如何 要在你的后院建一座埃菲尔铁塔
you’d need the permission of your neighbors (good luck with that!)
你需要得到邻居们的许可 祝你好运
plus $1.2-million-worth of materials like iron, rivets, paint, and light bulbs.
再加上价值120万美元的材料 如铁 铆钉 油漆和灯泡
Additionally, the construction team wouldn’t agree to work for less than 30 mil dollars.
此外 施工队不会同意少于3000万的工资
In the end, you’ve spent a little over $31 million dollars.
最终 你花费3100多万美元
Well with my budget, I’d settle for an Awful Tower.
好吧 根据我的预算 我宁愿要一个糟糕的塔
Pretty ugly, huh?
太丑 呵呵
Any of these projects piquing your interest?
这些项目有你感兴趣的吗?
Let me know down in the comments which one you’d like to build!
请在评论中告诉我你想要建哪一个!
But I’ve got more offers, so let’s keep going…
但我有更多的工作机会 所以我们继续……
8. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
第8名 巴比伦空中花园
No one knows whether the ancient hanging gardens are a real thing or just a legend.
没人知道这座古代空中花园是真有还是仅为传说
But if they did exist, they must’ve been breathtaking!
但如果它们真的存在过 那一定令人叹为观止!
The tiered gardens had an impressive collection of different vines, shrubs, and trees
层叠的花园中有各种令人印象深刻的藤蔓 灌木和树
and resembled huge green mountains made of mud bricks.
就像用泥砖砌成的绿色大山
If you wanted to create the same oasis for yourself,
如果你想为自己创造同样的绿洲
you’d have to spend 21.5 million on the materials and landscape designers.
你必须在材料和景观设计师上花费2150万美元
The workers will take their 10 million,
工人们将挣走1000万美元
and you can say goodbye to a total of $31.5 million.
你可以和总共3150万美元说再见
Hopefully that garden will still manage to keep you calm!
希望那个花园还能让你保持冷静!
7. The Parthenon
第7名 帕特农神庙
It took 9 years to finish building this Greek temple
建成这座希腊神庙用了九年时间
with a base a little over half the size of a football field.
它的地基只比半个足球场大一点
These days, re-constructing the famous landmark would demand over $35 million!
如今 重建这座著名的地标需要3500万美元!
That’s a little over $30 million for the 100,000 tons of marble you’ll need,
这比所需要的10万吨大理石的费用3000万美元多了点儿
more than $100,000 for the 69 columns,
69根柱子需10多万美元
and 90,000 for those 50 marble figures decorating the place.
装饰用的50个大理石雕像要9万美元
And don’t forget about the cranes and workers –
别忘了起重机和工人——
they’ll need about 4.5 million for their hard work!
他们需要约450万美元来完成艰苦的工作!
Well I could afford just a part of the Parthenon.
好吧 我只买得起帕特农神庙的一部分
That little bitty part over there…
就是那边那一小部分…
No.6 Angkor Wat
第6名 吴哥窟
Deep in the Cambodian jungle, you’ll find an astounding temple complex
在柬埔寨丛林深处 你会发现一个令人惊叹的寺庙群
that’s said to be the largest on Earth!
据说是地球上最大的寺庙!
The landmark stretches for more than 400 acres –
这个地标占地400多英亩——
4 times the size of the Mall of America!
是美国购物中心的4倍!
To build it, people brought 5 million tons of sandstone from the mountains 31 miles away.
为了建造它 人们从31英里外的山上运来了500万吨砂岩
Whew that’s a haul!
唷 好远啊!
To make a modern replica of this magnificent place,
要复制这个宏伟的地方
you’d have to spend almost $2 million on the land plot alone!
光买地皮你就需要花200万美元
Add an additional 20 mil for the basic structure and labor.
加上额外的2000万用于基本结构和劳动力
Exquisite sculptures like the ones decorating the original monument
像那些装饰原始纪念碑的精美雕塑
would cost you another 20 million.
将会再花你2000万
So, $42 million later, you have yourself a new Angkor Wat!
所以 4200万美元之后 你就有了一个新吴哥窟!
What? What? Sorry hard of hearing.
什么?什么?抱歉 我听力不好
No.5 Machu Picchu
第5名 马丘比丘
At more than 7,000 ft above sea level in the Peruvian Andes,
位于海拔7000多英尺的秘鲁安第斯山脉
Machu Picchu is quite a sight!
马丘比丘蔚为壮观
It was built around 1450 BCE,
它建于公元前1450年左右
and in 2007, it was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
2007年被命名为世界新七大奇迹之一
The magnificent landmark consists of 150 buildings,
这座宏伟的地标由150座建筑组成
and it’s believed that during the construction,
据信在建造过程中
hundreds of builders pushed 50-pound rocks up steep mountain slopes.
数百名建筑工人将重达50磅的石头推上陡峭的山坡
Luckily, you wouldn’t have to use such exhausting methods today.
幸运的是 你今天不必用这么累人的方法
You would spend 57 million on the materials (mainly granite)
你将花费5700万美元在材料上(主要是花岗岩)
and 13 million on the labor and cranes.
1300万美元在劳动力和起重机上
A total of $70 million – and voila!
总计7000万美元——瞧!
You have a cool mountainous city!
你有一个很酷的山地城市!
But sadly I’ll never be able to Macho that budget!
但遗憾的是 我永远不能“码起”那么多预算!
No.4 The Taj Mahal
第4名 泰姬陵
To see the beauty of the majestic Taj Mahal mausoleum,
要想看到宏伟的泰姬陵之美
you have to travel to Agra in India.
你必须去印度的阿格拉
This marble masterpiece took more than 20 years to build.
这座大理石杰作花了20多年建成
Its full height is 561 ft (almost 2 Lady Liberties stacked on top of each other),
它的全部高度是561英尺(几乎是两个自由女神堆叠在一起)
and the materials were brought from all over Asia.
材料来自亚洲各地
To build one today, get ready to pay 3 million for the bricks,
今天建造一个 准备好300万买砖
23.5 million for the marble,
2350万买大理石
15 million for the garden, and 2.5 million for the dome!
1500万给花园 250万给圆顶!
And that’s not all: add 60 million for the workers
这还不是全部 工人费加6000万
and 10 million for semi-precious stones.
半宝石加1000万
Altogether, expect to shell out about $115 million!
合计 预计将支付约1.15亿美元!
Or for many dollars less, you could build the Motel 6 Mahal.
或者想少花钱的话 你可以建个6号汽车旅馆
No.3 The Colosseum
第3名 罗马斗兽场
Built from stone and concrete,
罗马斗兽场由石头和混凝土建成
Rome’s Colosseum is the world’s largest amphitheater.
是世界上最大的圆形剧场
The magnificent structure could seat 50,000 spectators
这座宏伟的建筑可容纳5万名观众
and had 80 entrances to avoid congestion.
并设有80个入口以避免拥堵
Emperors tried to get citizens’ support
皇帝靠不收入场费和提供免费食物
by not taking any entry fee and serving free food!
努力获取市民支持
And hey, you got to see some, you know, “wildlife” like lions in the arena)”.
嘿 在竞技场 你能观赏到像狮子这类“野生动物”
You, on the other hand, might need to charge people
另一方面 你可能需要向人们收费
so that you can make back the money you spent…
才能把你花的钱赚回来……
Because you’ll need $200 million…just for the limestone alone!
因为光是石灰岩就需要2亿美元!
The elliptical structure would be 215 million.
椭圆形结构将是2.15亿美元
And with 22 million spent on cranes and workers,
在起重机和工人上要花2200万美元
the total cost of the modern Colosseum would reach $437 million.
现代斗兽场的总成本将达到4.37亿美元
And I’m not, you know, Lyin’.
我可不是在狮子大开口 你懂的
No.2 The Great Pyramid of Giza
第2名 吉萨大金字塔
Another member of the Seven Wonders of the World,
世界七大奇迹的另一成员
the Pyramid was built around 4,000 years ago.
金字塔建于约4000年前
The whole thing was made with more than 2 million limestone blocks,
整个建筑由200多万块石灰石砌成
each weighing about 2.5 tons.
每块石头重约2.5吨
And it took tens of thousands of workers up to 30 years to complete the construction!
成千上万的工人花费长达30年时间才完成了这项工程!
If you decided to build such a colossal monument nowadays,
如果你决定现在建造这样一个巨大的纪念碑
the total price tag would be a jaw-dropping $1.2 billion!
总造价将会是令人瞠目结舌的12亿美元!
Yeah, with a “B”!
是啊 十亿为单位!
This number would include the cost of the limestone blocks (around 1.1 billion),
这个数字包括石灰石块(约11亿美元)
cranes (about 60 million), and the money paid to the workers (more than 40 million).
和起重机(约6千万美元) 的花费以及付给工人的钱(4千多万美元)
But it’s still not the most expensive project on this list…
但它仍然不是这个清单上最昂贵的项目……
Geez, given the centuries it would take me to pay that off,
天啊 考虑到我得花几个世纪才能还清债务
I’d be a really old man.
我就真的老了
We’d need to call it the Great Pyramid of Geezer.
我们需要把它叫做老怪大金字塔
So, any guesses who our winner will be?
猜猜谁会是我们的赢家?
Go on, I’ll wait. Ok, fine…
继续 我在线等 好吧
No.1 The Great Wall of China
第1名 中国的万里长城
The construction of the original wall took over 2,000 years to complete!
最初的长城花了2000多年才建成
Its total length is 13,000 miles,
它总长13000英里
which is half as long as the Earth’s circumference!
是地球周长的一半
And the Great Wall is not just one wall –
长城不仅仅是一堵墙——
it’s actually a collection of many!
它实际上是许多墙的集合
But returning to our financial question:
但回到我们的财务问题
it would cost you around 21 billion to get all the necessary materials.
你将花费大约210亿美元来获得所有必要的材料
You’ll need the same amount to talk the builders into getting down to work.
你需要同样多的钱来说服建筑工人着手工作
Meaning if you want to have a Great Wall of your own,
这意味着 如果你想拥有自己的长城
you’ll need to come up with $42 billion.
你需要拿出420亿美元
Me, checking my wallet …
我 检查我的钱包……
I could afford the Great Picket Fence of China, for maybe about two city blocks…
我能买得起中国的尖桩篱笆 大约两个城市街区长度的……
impressive huh?
太扎心了 是吧?
So if you learned something new today,
如果你今天涨了知识
then give the video a like and share it with a friend!
那就给本视频点个赞和朋友分享它吧!
And here are some other videos I think you’ll enjoy.
还有些其他视频 我想你会喜欢的
Just click to the left or right, and stay on the Bright Side of life!
向左点 向右点 留在人生光明面!

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重建世界十三大地标建筑烧钱排行榜,先猜一猜再看,和你想的一样吗?

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视频来源

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