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马里奥的硬币值多少钱? – 译学馆
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马里奥的硬币值多少钱?

How Much Are Mario's Coins Worth?

嘿Vsauce3 我是迈克尔
Hey, Vsauce3, Michael here,
我们都收集过马里奥币
And we have all collected Mario coins
它们好玩 耀眼
they are fun,they are shiny
但他们在现实中实际价值
but how much would they actually be worth
是多少美元呢
in dollars, in real life?
答案可能会让你吃惊
The answer may surprise you
回答这个问题最好的人选
and the best guy to answer that question
就是Joey
Is Joey
你好Vsauce 我是Joey 我有个问题
Hey Vsauce, Joey here, and I’ve got a question:
马里奥宇宙中的一枚硬币
how much is a coin from the Mario universe worth?
实际值多少美元
As in real US dollars?
现在我们无论如何都要解决这个特别的研究课题
Now for purposes of this extraordinarily scientific study that can, in no way, be challenged.
来看看这款NES游戏机上才有的经典马里奥游戏吧
let’s stick to the classic Mario games: NESonly.
有几个方法来解决这个问题
There are several ways to tackle this question.
首先 尽管不是必要的
First,though not necessarily cannon,
我们做一个几乎所有人都做过的假设
let’s make the same assumption most everyone else does:
即这些硬币都是实心纯金的
that these coins are made of solid gold,
这就意味着我们需要搞清楚金币有多大体积
and that means we need to figure out how big it is.
这是从马里奥兄弟3中
This is where the spinning coins
得到的硬币
from Super Mario Bros 3 come in real handy.
从不同的角度看它们
Looking at them from different angles,
你会发现每个硬币体积为828立方像素
you’ll find a volume of 828 cubic pixels per coin.
与之相比 马里奥身高28像素
For comparison sake, take a look at Mario- he stands 28 pixels high.
意大利男性的平均身高是5英尺 9.5英寸
Taking the average height of an Italian male, 5 feet, 9.5inches.
我们可以推测出1像素
We can believe that one pixel is about
约是2.5平方英寸 所以
2.5 inches squared. Therefore,
一枚硬币的体积是7.5立方英尺
one coin has a volume of 7.5 cubic ft.
按这种尺寸算 一枚金质硬币重4.5吨
At that size, one solid gold coin would weigh 4.5 tons,
或者相当于两辆这种载满
or two of these, fully loaded with
乘客和货物的汽车
passengers and cargo.
这么多金子在今天市值大约是2.28亿美元
That much gold is worth about 228 million dollars in today’s market.
人们会容易嘲笑这些数字
One can easily scoff at these numbers, but,
质疑这些硬币也可能只是镀金的吧?
maybe the coins are just gold plated?
如果是这样 那么就有无限的可能性
if that’s the case, then the possibilitiesare limitless.
它可能里面是铜做的
The insides could be made of copper,
或是铂金 甚至是奶酪
or platinum, or cream cheese. So,
所以来看看另一个方法
how about another method:
在马里奥世界 一个硬币的购买力如何?
What’s the purchasing power of a coin in Mario’s world?
呃 在这个经典的游戏里
Well, in these classic games at least,
至少每个人都知道100硬币等于1条命
everyone knows that 100 coins equals an extra life. So,
所以生命的价值是多少?
what’s the value of life?
令人惊讶的是 这个问题有不少量化的答案
Surprisingly, there are some quantifiableanswers.
美国环境保护协会
The US Environmental Protection Agency,
在分析规章制度能否产生经济效益时
when analyzing if regulations make economic sense,
用了一种叫做
has used something called the” Value
“生命价值统计”的方法
of a Statistical Life”.
2009年 统计出生命的价值
In 2009, the value of a statistical life
为790万美元
was set at 7.9 million dollars.
所以 根据美国环境保护协会数据
Thus, according to the EPA,
一枚马里奥硬币价值790万美元 或者
one coin is worth 79 thousand dollars. Or,
我们可以看一下马里奥的各身体部位
we could look at the sum of Mario’s parts…
在黑市上的总价值
on the black market…
从“贩卖人体”网(humanforsale.com)中
The website Humanforsale.com considers a bunch
人类器官价格情况综合起来
of personal information to give you a somewhat
计算出带戏谑意味的黑市人命价格
tongue-and-cheek value for your life on theblack market.
我们所需要做的就是
All we have to do is make a
根据马里奥的身份背景 做一些有根据的猜测
few educated guesses concerning Mario’s background.
马里奥会两种语言吗?是的
Bilingual? Sure.
喝酒吗?在任天堂游戏里没看到
Alcohol? Not on Nintendo’s watch.
把所有信息收集起来
Put in all the info,
算出马里奥的生命价值是1485130美元
and the value of Mario’s life comes out to $ 1,485,130.
所以每个马里奥币价值1.5万美元
So, a little under 15 thousand dollars per coin.
但是这些随处乱丢在游戏角落里的硬币
But aren’t these values a bit high
价值会不会有些太高了?
for something that’s littered throughout every corner of these games?
这些币在蘑菇王国是法定货币 所以
It’s been established that these coins are legal tender in the Mushroom Kingdom. So,
这些钱的本质到底是什么?
what exactly is the nature of this money? Well,
如果蘑菇王国铸造这些硬币的话
if the Mushroom Kingdom is minting these coins,
他们就要为铸造这些
they’re going to have to pay for the
硬币的原料付钱
resources that go into them,
不论原料是金子还是奶酪
regardless of whether it’s gold or cream cheese.
当制造基本单位货币都要耗费
And when your basic unit of currency costs
至少上万美元
thousands of US dollars, at a minimum,
材料供给会非常有限
you’re going to have a very limited supply.
这将会导致“供给侧紧缩”
This will cause”Supple Side Deflation”.
即货币的价值太高
That’s where the value of money is so high,
而商品的价格又太低
and the cost of goods so low,
这让货币没有了投资价值
that it makes little sense to invest.
没有人会贷款买东西
No one would buy anything on credit,
整个经济体系会变得萧条
and the entire economy would stagnate,
这就意味着贷不了款
which means no loans available for Toad
去建造新商场和赌场
to build new item shops or casinos.
事实上 这种紧缩是经济大萧条的标志
In fact,such deflation was a hallmark of The Great Depression.
但有一个重要事实
But one important fact that are used
证明了这种币不是一种铸造货币
against these coins being a minted currency is that
它们是可再生的 实际上是在树上生长的…嗯…在盒子里…
they’re renewable- they practically grow ontrees… well…in boxes.
如果马里奥因为任何原因而重新开始游戏
And, if Mario starts to stage over for any reason,
那么他收集的所有硬币又全都回去了
all the coins that he collected come right back.
这意味着蘑菇王国有一个新问题
And that means that there’s any entirely new worry
通货膨胀
for the Mushroom Kingdom: Inflation.
当体系中造币太多时就会发生这种情况
This occurs when there’s too much coinage in the system,
钱的购买力会随着时间下降
and money has less buying power over time.
如果这失控了 将会“超通货膨胀”
If this runs out of control you get”Hyper Inflation.”
其中一个著名的例子发生在一战后的德国
One famous example of such occurred in Germany after World War 1,
德国当时不得不印刷数以吨计的钱
when it had to print tons of money
去偿还它的战争债务
in order to pay off its war debts.
问题是 游戏里没办法去控制这些硬币的铸造
The problem is, there’s no way to control the minting of these coins.
那些硬币确实是几秒钟内就会再生
They literally regenerate within seconds,
这简直是求着你滥用
and that’s just begging to be abused
马里奥能在游戏里毫无顾忌地收集所有硬币
Unscrupulous Mario’s could collect all the coins in the stage,
死掉重新开始时仍然有净利润
die at the end, and still have a net profit as they restart.
因此货币供应量会无限增长
Thus, the money supply would grow without limits.
最终 去买那差劲的火焰花 都要用一手推车的硬币
You’d eventually need wheel-barrows full of coins just to buy one lousy Fire Flower.
考量这些后 一个硬币的价值似乎还有待商榷
With all this in mind, the monetary value of a coin seems moot.
尽管马里奥是蘑菇王国最富有的人
Even if Mario was the richest person in the Mushroom Kingdom,
他仍然很穷
he’d still be poor.
由于硬币荒谬的快速再生
Due to their ridiculously quick regenerative properties,
这些硬币没有实际的价值
these coins have no worthwhile value.
然而 如果一条生命总是值100个硬币
However, if an extra life is always worth 100 coins,
而硬币没有价值
and the coins have no value,
那么这个世界里生命的价值是什么?
what does that say about the value of a life in this world?
那么不顾危险去拯救被绑架公主的行为 有何价值呢?
And consequently, the value of saving a kidnapped Princess in peril?
这是我留给你们思考的问题
That’s something I leave for you to ponder.
最后 和往常一样 谢谢收看
And, as always, thanksfor watching.

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视频概述

从经济的角度分析马里奥这款经典游戏

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收集自网络

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rohy6vIMbtM

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