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钱是怎么影响你思考的 – 译学馆
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钱是怎么影响你思考的

How Money Affects your Thinking - 4 Things Wealth does to your Brain

你有没有做过白日梦
have you ever dated or thought about
幻想过自己过着富裕奢华的生活
living the rich and luxurious lifestyle
我知道每个人都看到过
now I know everyone has seen those
Instagram上面用户分享的照片
Instagram posts where users put up
在他们的床上
pictures of a couple thousand dollars in
有成千上万的美元现金
cash laying on their bed next to some
几把相当酷炫的手枪
really cool guns or a Lamborghini with
以及在道上敞开车门的兰博基尼
the doors propped open in their driveway
事实是有时我们都幻想过
the truth is at one point we have all
在自己生活的世界里
imagined ourselves in a world where we
我们财政自由
have financial freedom to buy almost
能想买什么就买什么
anything we wanted so why do we get
为什么我们会幻想
these dreams of having a mansion with a
渴望路上停着辆兰博基尼
Lamborghini parked in the driveway
或是期望能环游世界呢
or even touring the whole world on a
事实上 儿童和青少年
vacation in fact kids and adolescents
更会幻想着
are more likely to daydream about being
变得富有知名 比成人更甚
rich and famous than adults are this is
因为和成人相比 他们会经历更多的职业身份
because they can experience more
生活可能更具潜能
identities and life possibilities more
而成人的白日梦
potential as adults while adults tend to
则更加现实
daydream more realistically nowaday
如今 梦想本身是一个巨大的投资
dreaming itself is a pretty big
我们倾注了半数心力
investment as we spend up to half of our
在白日梦上
mental activity on daydreams or
或在幻想未来上 这就是你所想的
predicting the future if that’s what you
当我们坠入白日梦后
want to call it when we drift off into
我们渐渐地
the daytime dreamland we are slightly
从现实世界脱离
detached from our current situations and
我们幻想自己变得富有
when we daydream about being rich it is
是因为这些幻象反映了
because these fantasies reflect a need
我们渴望从自己生活的困境中挣脱出来
to rise above our frustrations of our
但是这万一是真的怎么办
own lives but what if it was really real
万一你实际上真的拥有
what if you actually owned a huge
一台大型的兰博基尼跑车
mansion with a Lamborghini and had
有一卧室的现金
bedrooms full of cash with our behavior
拥有这些财富后我们的行为举止会改变吗
change after having all this money in
在这个视频里我想给大家展示
this video I want to present you four
金钱影响我们思考的四种方式
ways money affects our minds the first
第一个是金钱的刺激
one money motivation many studies
许多调查显示金钱会改变一个人的行为
suggest that money can alter a person’s
但并不总是好的方面
behavior but not always for the good
幸运的是有很多正能量的富人
side luckily there are many grateful
他们捐赠了一大笔积蓄
wealthy people that donate huge portions
用于公益事业
of their piggy banks for good causes but
但这些只是个例
this is sometimes an exception our
我们的思想 行为举止
thoughts behaviors and actions link to
和心理有关
our psychology including factors from
这些心理因素包括你成长的途径——甚至包括遗传
the way that you were raised – even
金钱也许不能左右你的信仰
genetics money may not control your
但一定会影响
beliefs but it definitely influences
你对他人的态度和举止
your attitudes and behaviors towards
有一项调查
others in a study to find the
旨在找到完成指定任务的动机
motivations to complete a given task
调查中有3组研究主体
there were three groups of subjects
他们分别被分配了辛苦的工作
these three groups were given the sweat
以绕圈的形式
breaking task and moving circles from
从电脑的这一端到另一端来回移动
one side of a computer screen to the
第一组被要求义务完成这项任务
other side the first group was asked to
第二组仅仅得到50美分
complete the task as a favor the second
第三组则足有5美元
for only 50 cents and the third for a
结果显示
whopping five dollars the end results
有两个原因激励人们
suggested that there are two reasons for
去完成了指定任务
motivation to complete a given task
社会激励是第一个刺激因素
social motivation was found as a first
因为当我们意识到
motivator because when we recognize a
一项任务的社会价值时
tasks social value we see the time
我们总会抽时间完成它 因为这些都是一种投资
to do it as they were the investment
让三个朋友在一个女孩子面前夸赞自己
getting three friends to talk us up in
或是让父母
front of a girl or having your parents
庆祝你取得了优异的成绩
boast about your test scores are great
这些都是社会激励的绝佳例子
examples of social motivation however
然而 当金钱被提到桌面上
when money is brought into the table and
被要求作为完成任务的回报
returned for the completion of a task we
我们就更多的考虑到这项交易的商业价值
tend to think more about the business
而不是它的社会价值
value of a deal rather than the social
给一家院子除草只得到5美元吗
side of it is mowing a yard for five
500美元怎么样
dollars worth it how about five hundred
这样可能会给一个人的工作生活
dollars this may lead to some serious
带来严重的问题
problems in one’s work life if you feel
如果你觉得你的报酬太低
underpaid you may be at risk who
你很可能在工作场合表现不尽如人意
underperforming in the workplace in fact
事实上很多公司也因为这个原因
many companies will not hire people who
并不会雇佣资历过高的人
are overqualified because of this if you
如果你雇佣一个经济学博士来看门
hire a PhD in economics to be a janitor
很快他就会工作懈怠
it is assumed they are going to work
因为你只付极低的报酬
less since you’re paying the minimum
第二个方式是自我认知
wage on to number two self-perception
你赚钱的数量
the amount of money you bring in could
会影响到你对他人的看法
affect the way you view others and in
甚至包括对自己的看法
fact even yourself up until this point
直到现在你也许还并没有为呼吸感到担心
you probably did not think about
因为你有足够多的氧气
breathing because you had plenty of
你并不需要操心
oxygen you didn’t have to worry about
要到哪里去获得下一口氧气
where you were going to get your next
金钱也是一样的道理
breath the same idea with money if you
如果你有家财万贯
have tons of money you spend less time
你就会花极少的时间 极少去焦虑你要从哪里来钱
less worrying about where you’re going
这对我们的行为
to get it and this has crazy
有重大的心理影响
psychological effects on our behavior
一项调查要求调查对象评估
one study asked individuals to rate
自己的收入等级
things such as their income class
天赋水平甚至是智商水平
genetics and even IQ levels the results
结果最终证实了
were eventually analyzed and produced
个体等级观念的存在
the result of an individual’s sense of
测试者越有钱
class essentialism the wealthier the
他们就越坚信
respondent the deeper the sense of class
个体等级的存在
essentialism the individual possessed
调查还发现 富有的受访者认为
wealthy respondents were found to
等级是建立在遗传的基础上的
believe that class was based on genetics
他们同样认为
the same respondents also believed that
生活是公平的
life was fair and that you get what you
付出多少就会回报多少
deserve however those belonging to a
但对于低等级的人群而言
lower class leave class and wealthiness
财富和遗传并没有什么联系
has nothing to do with genetics of
当然了 有人一周工作50个小时
course someone who has to work 50-hour
每月拿回家才2000美元
weeks to bring home two thousand dollars
就会想到人与人的差别
a month is going to think of themselves
有人一周只工作10多个小时
a lot differently than someone who works
还仅仅是为了好玩
ten hours a week for fun and is relying
他们依靠自己父母的信托基金生活
on their parents trust fund money
第三个方式 对金钱的渴望
on the number three money cravings
上瘾往往源于
addiction begins with a perceived
对某一特定行为的积极回应
positive response to a specific behavior
为了得到同样的回应而跟风同一种行为
chasing the same behavior for the same
也许会引起成瘾
response might trigger an addiction some
人们痴迷于赚钱
people have become addicted to earning
至少有一点我确信
money I am sure that at least one point
在生活中你至少有一次得到过
in your life you have received at least
一笔相当多的钱
a rather large amount of money to fill
去装满曾经空空的钱包
up that empty wallet that you once had
不管你这样做过没
whether you work for it or not think
想想那时的感受
about that feeling you had when
当钱包被塞满的时候
Walla is full of money it feel good to
我敢保证你一定感觉特别开心
have money in your pockets I’m sure it
这种美好的感受以及积极的回应
did this good feeling or positive
会使人沉迷其中
response could lead to an addiction
这就是为什么
this is why some people become
一些人变成了工作狂的原因
workaholics also compulsive shopping
疯狂购物也是一样的套路
follows the same process when a
当购物狂们买东西的时候
compulsive shopper buys something their
他们的大脑会分泌多巴胺
brain releases dopamine the famous
一种著名的会让人感觉愉快的化学物质
feel-good chemical this positive
这种积极回应会导致一个人越来越多地追逐该行为
response leads to a person chasing the
然后感觉到更积极的回应
behavior more and more and to feel more
如此一来沉迷就产生了
positive response thus leading to
就像其他的成瘾物一样
addiction these addictions like any
有变得危险的可能性
other has the potential to become
对金钱的渴望也许会变的危险
dangerous the want for money may become
如果你开始
dangerous if you begin to perform
以违法或危险的行为来赚钱
illegal or dangerous acts to get money
强迫性购物同样会变的危险
compulsive shopping can also become
如果你花费大于收入
dangerous when you put yourself or
就会将自己和他人陷入风险
others at risk if you spend more Bank
想通过买彩票
than you bring in people who want a
赚一大笔钱的人
large amount of money in a lottery often
经常会陷入这种困境
fall to this simply because they didn’t
因为他们没有中过这笔钱
earn it and with earning money comes
一旦挣到钱后还要
trials and successes of learning how to
去成功地管理这笔钱
manage the money successfully the last
最后一个方式是道德伦理
one is morals and ethics who is more
这更像是不按规矩出牌
likely to not follow the rules whether
无论是打断别人
it’s interrupting someone or taking more
还是在糖果瓶上清楚标记了只能拿一份的情况下
than one piece of candy when the candy
拿走了更多的糖果
bowl clearly says only take one piece of
或者如果你喜欢这个视频
candy or even click the like button if
就点击“喜欢”按钮
you enjoyed this video
一项研究声称找到了答案
one study set out to find an answer
受访者发现
respondents that found themselves at a
更高等级的人更倾向于打破规则
higher class were more likely to break
只要这样做有益于自己
the rules as long as it benefited them
那么我会从中得到什么好处呢
the what do I have to gain from it
收入水平越高的人
mindset is often more possessed by those
越会出现这种想法
who have a higher wealth class they
他们追求自身利益最大化
pursue the most benefits for themselves
让事业更加成功
making them great for the business
那么业务或是金钱
industry so does business and/or money
要尽可能的顾及到伦理吗
have much room for ethics some people
一些人不这样认为 这就是为什么你会发现
say no that’s why when you find someone
有人在事业与财富上都取得了巨大成就
with both they make history I’m curious
我很好奇你认为谁是德财兼备
who you think had morals and money leave
将你想到的人写在下方的评论区吧
a comment below of someone that comes to your mind
追溯到更早之前
so after further review there seems to
财富和人性自私之间
be a parent correlation between
是产生与被产生的关系
wealthiness and selfishness also if you
一些研究显示 你越有钱
have more wealth you are apparently more
你越有可能破坏规则
likely to bend the rules from time to
一次又一次地去满足自己的私欲
time to benefit your favor according to
另一方面
some studies on the other hand there are
也有研究显示
also some studies that show a
贫穷和犯罪之间存在联系因果关系
correlation between poverty and crime
要明白这些联系并不意味着因果关系
just understand that correlation does not mean causation
有更多的钱也会让你相信
having more money could also make you believe
你的财富与生俱来
you were rich just from your genetics and
你注定就是富有的
that you deserve to be rich so yes money
所以金钱确实会潜移默化的改变一个人
does have the potential to change
金钱还会让人疯狂
someone money can even make a person go
从想买东西
crazy with an addiction from impulse
演变成恨不得买下整间商店
buying to buying the whole store I hope
希望小伙伴们喜欢这个视频
you guys enjoyed this video and if you
如果喜欢可以订阅节目
did subscribe for more thanks for
谢谢观赏
watching

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视频概述

介绍了金钱影响人们思维的四种方式:钱的刺激、个人的等级观念、对钱的渴望以及道德伦理。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

怡亲王

审核员

joker

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TrLZ4eS68LY

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