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孙正义如何撼动硅谷 – 译学馆
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孙正义如何撼动硅谷

How Masayoshi Son is Shaking Up Silicon Valley

孙正义是当代最具影响力的商人之一
Masayoshi Son is one of the most influential dealmakers of our time.
“这是来自日本软银集团的孙正义”
“This is Masa of Softbank from Japan.”
孙正义也被称为Masa
Son who goes by Masa.
被一些人认为是风险投资中最聪明的冒险家之一
is considered by some as one of the most brilliant risk takers in venture capital.
他以320亿美元投资了芯片制造商ARM
$ 32 billion for chipmaker ARM,
分别以90亿美元 44亿美元投资了Uber WeWork
$ 9 billion to Uber, $ 4.4 billion into WeWork.
这样的例子不胜枚举
The list goes on.
另一些人则认为软银的首席执行官是一个不计后果的鲁莽之徒
Others think the chief executive of Softbank is a wreckless daredevil,
所做的交易时而成功时而失败
with a spotty track record.
在互联网泡沫破灭后 他承受的个人金融损失数额之大在历史上无人能及
After the dotcom crash he lost more money than anyone has ever lost in history.
700亿美元
$70 billion.
“我们差点破产
“We almost went bankrupt.
不知怎的 我存活了下来”
Somehow I survived.”
但不管你喜欢他还是厌恶他
But love him or hate him,
他都在撼动着硅谷和全球投资
he’s shaking up Silicon Valley and global investing.
Masa只是运气好吗
Has Masa just been lucky,
还是说他在投资未来科技方面真的是个天才
or is he actually a genius when it comes to investing in the future of technology?
那么他是一个天才投资者吗
So is he a genius investor?
我认为现在还没有定论
I think the jury is still out.
但有一件事你不能否认
but one thing you can not deny,
孙正义似乎就是有这样的远见
Son is that he certainly seems to have foresight.
彭博科技记者帕维尔•阿尔佩耶夫
Bloomberg tech reporter Pavel Alpeyev
过去10年一直在报道孙正义和软银
has been covering Masa and Softbank for the last decade.
一个著名的例子是
One famous example is…
在苹果发布iphone的几年前
a few years prior to Apple’s launch of the iphone,
孙正义在加利福尼亚拜访史蒂夫·乔布斯时
Son was visiting with Steve Jobs in California
并向乔布斯显示了一个样机草图
and offered him a sketch over prototype device
这款设备将ipod和手机的功能合二为一
that combined the functionality of the ipod and a mobile phone.
考虑到苹果正在开发iphone 乔布斯拒绝了该设想
Knowing Apple was developing the iphone, Jobsrefused.
于是孙正义说服乔布斯 得到了苹果在日本的独家经销权
So Masa got him to agree to exclusive rights for their product in Japan,
这给软银和孙正义带来了巨大的成功
bringing Softbank and Masa, a lot of success.
然而 这并不是他的第一笔大生意
This wasn’t his first big business deal,however
就读于加州大学伯克利分校期间
While attending the University of California at Berkeley
他发明了一种数字转换器
he invented a digital translator
并以1亿日圆 约合100万美元的价格卖给了夏普
and sold it to Sharp for 100 million yen or about $ 1 million.
他用这些钱
Using that money,
创立了软银 这是一个在日本家喻户晓的公司
he founded Softbank which is a household name in Japan that aires popular
并与汤米•李•琼斯和一只狗制作了广受欢迎的广告
commercials with Tommy Lee Jones and a dog.
在互联网泡沫时期的一小段时间里
For a brief period during the dot-com bubble,
也是他99%的交易失败之前
Masa was the world’s richest man…
孙正义曾是世界上最富有的人
before 99% of his deals failed.
他因一笔非常重要的交易名声大噪
At the center of his reputation is one very important transaction —
2000年 他向中国一家不出名的初创企业阿里巴巴投资2000万美元
In 2000 he made a $20 million investment in an unknown Chinese startup called Alibaba…
还有一位年轻的创始人 名叫马云
And a young founder named Jack Ma.
从他的言行以及样貌我能看出
I could tell from the way he talks the way he look like
他很有魅力 很有领导力
that he has charisma, has leadership.
软银在阿里巴巴的股份现在价值1380亿美元
Softbank’s stake in Alibaba is now worth $ 138 billion —
这是有史以来最赚钱的风险投资之一
one of the most lucrative venture investments of all time.
一个人可能是幸运的
One could potentially be lucky.
如果你认为一个人的成就只是靠幸运
So if you assume that a track record of one is just lucky
那么孙正义的投资能力肯定会受到质疑
then it certainly casts doubt on Son’s ability to pick winners.
如今 孙正义正积极地 在科技领域进行大规模投资
Nowadays,Masa is aggressively making investments… on a massive scale… in tech.
2017年 他投资了大约100家初创企业
He invested in 100-or-so startups in 2017,
包括最有价值的两家 优步和滴滴
including two of the most valuable — Uber and Didi.
对这两家公司 他都采用了类似的策略来达成交易
With both, he used a similar maneuver to closethe deal.
孙正义曾公开表示
Son went publicly on record saying
公司正在考虑投资优步或来福车
that the company was considering investing in Uber orLyft
这是一个明显的暗示
a not so subtle hint at take the money
意味着把钱收下不然我们就找其他有意愿的公司
or we’ll find somebody else who will.
孙正义有自己独特的交易风格
Masa has a distinct deal-making style.
众所周知 他会邀请创始人到东京参加一个正式会议
He’s known to invite founders to Tokyo for a formal meeting
然后一起吃顿饭
followed by a meal…
再给他们一大笔钱
and then offers them a massive amount of money.
我们得到的画面是
The picture that we get is that
当孙正义走进房间
when Son comes into the room,
那一刻 他的业务人员对你的公司了如指掌
at this point, his business people know your company through and through,
他会在那里提出报价
and he’s there to make an offer.
虽然他没有收购任何一家公司的控股权
Although he doesn’t acquire controlling stakes in any of the companies
而且基本上不干预
and is generally hands-off…
但要获得软银的资金仍有一个重要条件
Softbank’s money still comes with one important condition…
正如他告诉总部位于圣地亚哥的机器人公司Brain Corp的那样
Like he told San Diego based robot company Brain Corp
大致是希望他们能尽快实现目标
… basically he wants them to reach their goals at an accelerated rate.
当Masa把钱投入一个又一个创业公司时
As Masa pours money into one startup after another…
他还为软银的1000亿美元愿景基金争取了一些慷慨的支持者
He has also been lining up some generous backers for Softbanks’s $ 100 Billion Vision Fund
这是史上规模最大的科技创业投资基金
— the largest investment fund in history to finance technology startups.
他得到了苹果首席执行官蒂姆•库克 高通 富士康的承诺
He got pledges from Apple’S Tim Cook, Qualcomm, Foxconn
和一个意想不到的地方:中东
and one unexpected place: the Middle East.
有趣的是 该基金主要支持者是沙特阿拉伯王储
What’s interesting is the main backer of the fund is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia,
捐赠了450亿美元
who contributed $45 billion.
“45分钟450亿美元
“45 minutes $45 billion
每分钟10亿美元”
One billion dollars per minute”.
并非所有投资者都赞同他的观点
Not all investors are on board with his vision.
他们指出软银持有阿里巴巴的股票和其他资产
They point to SoftBank’s stock in Alibaba and other assets,
这些价值超过19万亿日元
which are worth more than 19 trillion yen
但软银的市值仅为9.8万亿日元
but SoftBank’s market cap is only 9.8 trillion yen.
这恰恰证明了很多投资者并不看好孙正义的未来
That’s just evidence that a lot of investors are not buying Son’s future.
批判者不仅不相信孙正义能挑选出下一个阿里巴巴
Critics not only don’t believe Son can pick the next Alibaba;
他们还确信 孙正义将耗尽自己已经拥有的一切
they’re convinced he’s going to squander what he already has.
不管是否相信孙正义的策略
Whether a believer or not in Masa’s strategy…
他现在的投资已经不像
The investments he’s making now are not
他在90年代互联网泡沫时期所做的那样
like those he made during the 90s dotcom bubble.
这些公司已经证明了它们可以生存
They are companies which have already proven that they can survive.
最后 孙正义是否应该被称为天才投资者
In the end whether Son deserves to be called a genius investor
而不仅是一个财力雄厚的投资者
rather just one with very deep pockets,
大概取决于他能否带来可观的回报
will probably depend on his ability to not just deliver a decent return,
以及能否带来他所渴望的那种社会影响
but also the kind of societal impact that he aspires to.

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视频概述

孙正义是当代最具有影响力的企业家之一,他创建了软银集团,并与阿里巴巴颇有渊源。对于他,我们改如何评论?是一位鲁莽的冒险家,还是一位智慧的成功者?

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cDpTPrfw1mQ

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