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学习日志如何帮助学生成长

How learning journals can help students grow | Jiang Xueqin | Big Think

你想鼓励你的学生吗
那就试试写学习日志吧
JIANG XUEQIN: The hardest thing to learn for students is the ability to self-assess accurately.
对学生来说 最难学的是准确的自我评估能力
And so unfortunately in schools
不幸的是 在学校里
we don’t give kids enough space, enough autonomy
我们没有给孩子们足够的空间和自主权
to learn the skills of self-reflection and self-assessment.
来学习自我反省和自我评估的技巧
Now, what’s really interesting about this time is
但现在这个情况很有趣
that because of coronavirus
因为冠状病毒的缘故
kids have all this time to self-reflect and self-assess.
孩子们拥有很多时间用于自我反省 自我评估
And so we should be actively promoting meta learning during this time.
所以我们应该在这段时间积极推广元学习
And so what I’ve suggested is that we promote the idea of a learning journal.
我建议大家推广写学习日志
So the idea is this:
学习日志理念是这样的:
Let kids decide their own learning path.
让孩子自己决定学习道路
Let them decide what they want to learn.
让他们自己决定想学什么
It could be if they want to learn how to cook.
或许他们想学烹饪
It could be they want to learn how to drive a car.
或许他们想学开车
It could be they want to learn programming.
或许他们想学编程
It could be they want to participate in a fitness challenge.
或许他们想参加健身挑战
It doesn’t matter.
这都没关系
What’s important is that they write down their learning journey.
重要的是他们写下自己的学习日志
And so there are three components to a learning journal.
而学习日志包括三个因素
First is to define the goal concretely and precisely.
首先是 准确具体地界定目标
It’s better to say I want to be able to run a marathon in less than four hours
相比说:我想在马拉松比赛中获得第一名
than it is to say I want to finish first in a marathon.
这么说更好:我想在四个小时内跑完马拉松
Second is to write down the learning process.
第二 写下学习过程
So think of a cooking recipe
在脑海中绘制烹饪食谱
and writing down how you cook something.
并写下你的烹饪过程
The third and most important component of a learning journal
学习日志的第三个也是最重要的组成部分是
is to write down your observations,
写下你的观察结果
collect data, self-reflect,
收集数据 自我反省
and develop new learning strategies for yourself.
并为自己制定新的学习策略
And during this process teachers don’t go away.
在这个过程中 老师没有缺席
Teachers play a very important role in that they become coaches.
老师扮演着非常重要的角色 因为他们是教练
I would say that being a coach has three main functions.
教练主要有三个功能
The first function is to motivate the student.
第一个功能是激励学生
Second function is to identify witnesses in the learning journal.
第二个功能是成为学习日志的监督者
And the third and most important function
第三个也是最重要的功能是
is to constantly suggest new learning strategies.
不断提出新的学习策略
So let’s go back to the marathon example.
让咱们回到马拉松的例子
Students when they’re learning, when they’re in a process
学生在学习的时候 在马拉松过程中
they tend to become very focused
往往会变得非常专注
so they keep on running.
他们会不停跑下去
So as a coach you might want to say to the student
所以作为一名教练 你可能想对学生说:
hey, have you thought about sleep patterns.
嘿 你想过睡眠模式吗
Have you thought about diet.
你想过节食吗
Have you thought about lifting weights.
你想过举重吗
Have you thought about running with friends.
你想过和朋友跑步吗
The idea is not to give correct solutions.
提出这些问题不是为了给出正确方案
The idea is to suggest new possibilities
只是为了提出新的可能性
so that students can self-diagnose more accurately.
以便学生更准确地自我诊断
That’s the idea of a learning journal.
这是学习日志的理念
I believe that if we go through this learning journal
我相信 通过检阅学习日志
students when they come back to the classroom will be much more motivated
学生重返课堂时就会更有动力
and they’ll be much more effective learners.
他们会成为更有效的学习者
《变得更聪明更敏捷》
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一起来写学习日志吧,让你的想法具体化。

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L6knNCwgzns

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