Hey it’s me Destin, welcome back to Smarter Every Day. So did you realize that Harry Houdini was the
first person to fly an airplane in Australia? I didn’t either, that’s crazy.
实际上 他的一生很有趣 因为他在无数人面前与死亡玩欺诈游戏
In fact this guy’s whole life was interesting because he lived it out daily cheating death
in front of thousands of people. Now this eventually caught up.. What’s in your ear?
哦 是块石头 魔法的魅力
Oh, it’s a rock in your ear. Magic.
这倒是很方便 因为哈利·胡迪尼是个犹太人 这是犹太人的传统
So this is convenient because Harry Houdini was Jewish, and it’s a Jewish custom
如果你想去缅怀逝去的人 就放块石头在他的墓碑上 我们为什么不这样做呢？
if you’re going to honor the dead to go and lay a rock on top of their tombstone. Why don’t we do that?
让我们一起去纽约皇后区 他很酷的墓碑就在那里 我们去放上这块石头
Let’s go to Queens New York where he has a really cool tombstone and we’ll lay this rock
there and I’ll explain to you how Harry Houdini died.
Houdini was a genius. He became famous by putting himself in seemingly impossible situations
然后奇迹般出现 仿佛骗过了死神 他因此非常出名
and then he would miraculously appear as though he had just cheated death.
So what put him in the ground here in New York? Since many people had a fear of drowning
Houdini often did tricks that involved being chained up under water. His most famous
他最著名的骗局是中国式水刑 出于某种原因 我以为这个把戏出了错
trick was called the Chinese water torture trick. For some reason I thought that he had drowned
when this trick went horribly wrong, but in actuality it was only a punch to the
gut that did him in. Houdini was famous for being able to take a punch but on
但在1926年10月22日 蒙特利尔市 当他躺在后台的沙发上
October 22nd 1926 while he was laying on a couch backstage in
Montreal, a man punched him several times before he had a chance to brace himself.
According to his death certificate he died on Halloween from something called peritonitis.
So how could a punch in the stomach lead to Houdini’s death when he had done it before?
好的 让我们回到阿拉巴马 为了找出真相 我们来到了医院
OK we’re back in Alabama. To figure this out, we have come to the hospital.
We’re gonna meet a surgeon that I’ve known for a long time. He’s known for his steady hand
and his good bedside manner. Let’s go meet Dr Gilbert. Long time no see.
-最近怎么样？-啊 好久不见 你看起来气色不错 不过似乎长胖了一点呢
How you been? (Dr Gilbert) Hey it’s been a long time. You look good man. You look like you’ve put a bit of weight on.
-哦 谢谢 [笑]-看来她把你喂胖了[笑]
– Oh thanks I appreciate that. [laugh] – Looks like she’s fattened you up. [laughs]
– OK so clearly
I’ve known Dr Gilbert for a long time, he let me in his O.R. So I’ve asked you
我曾问你关于胡迪尼的死亡 我们都知道的 你怎么看呢？
to tell me about Houdini’s death, and we know it’s, how do you say it?
-腹膜炎-腹膜炎 好的 所以 胡迪尼躺在沙发上在这儿
– Peritonitis. – Peritonitis, OK. So let’s say he got punched in the guts,
他的肚子挨了一拳 额 你该做什么呢？
Houdini’s laying on this table right now, and uh, what do you do?
-嗯 胡迪尼 一旦他到了手术台 他就已经
– Well, Houdini, once he gets to this table he’s already
consented to surgery. The first thing you have to do is get him..
we have to examine him, say you do have peritonitis, you have
an irritation of your abdominal lining, you clearly have a surgical problem.
It could have been appendicitis, but appendicitis typically doesn’t happen because
of trauma. It would have been a serendipitous occasion
after the trauma. What he might very well have had is
a rupture of his intestine. – So when you take a punch in your guts, what’s happening
there? I know muscles have something to do with it. – If you’re prepared you’re gonna tense up your
muscles and they are absorbing almost all of the energy of the
punch, and your internal organs are seeing much less of
that energy. – So it’s like distributing that load around your abdomen.
-是的 如果他在没有准备的情况下 有人知道如何
– That’s right. Now, if he’s caught off guard, and somebody who really knows how
to throw a punch, and really prepare for..
he could be hurt. – [laughs] I punched a guy in the stomach and I recorded
现在 我尝试找出如何转变它 但你有点在暗示我
on high speed. Now I was trying to figure out how to transition to it, but you kind of alluded to the
fact that I don’t know how to throw a punch. – Well no I wasn’t saying that. [laughs]
好 这是来自SixPackShortcuts的麦克-我猜你要打我肚子一拳 是吧？
(Destin) OK this is Mike from SixPackShortcuts – I guess you have to hit my stomach right?
– I gotta hit your stomach.
So Mike, he’s that sexy guy you always see in the side bar that really
irritates people like me, because I don’t look like that. [crowd laughs]
-[打到了肉]啊啊啊啊啊啊-好吧 我想我已经明白了 你还好吧
– [punch to skin] Oh-hhhhhaww. – Alright. I think we got it. Are you good?
– I’m good. – You can take that?
– OK alright, let’s see.
Now watch Mike’s muscles absorb this punch at 3200 frames per second.
– He just socked me in the stomach, and we just
watched in slow mo and it was awesome. (Destin) And now we’re about to watch
– 对吧？- 对！-Moobies 要高速弹跳了[坏笑]
your boobs bounce right? – Yes.
– Moobies are about to bounce in high speed. [laugh]
好的 在你看麦克胸肌一颠一颠地跳之前 这我不想再说第二遍
Alright. OK, before you go watch Mike’s boobs bounce, which is something I hope I never say again,
and before you see Dr Gilbert teach me how to throw a punch I figured I’d mention this book,
which was instrumental in making this video. Go to audible.com/smarter
and you can download The Secret Life of Houdini. It’s a pretty cool book and it’s one of the more expensive
audio books, so you can use your free trial at Audible.com to download this
thing. It’s probably worth it. Anyway it taught me about how Houdini’s personality played a
factor into his death because initially he refused surgery. – His personality
had to be a very strong personality, and a man that obviously
takes risk. (Destin) He actually refused treatment and that was part of the problem right?
– That was the problem, but he needed it framed
in the proper way. – So you’re saying that the bedside manner,
医患如何互动很重要 那是你想告诉我的-是的 是的
how a patient and a doctor interact is very important, that’s what you’re trying to tell me. – Yes, yes,
and depending on the personality of the physician with a very strong patient
such as Houdini, I could see that it may have been very difficult
-这挺疯狂的 不是吗？总之 看看这本书吧
for the physician to have made his point. – That’s pretty crazy isn’t it? Anyway, check out this book
The Secret Life of Houdini at audible.com/smarter. Listening to audio books
is probably something you should be doing anyway. You might as well help Smarter Every Day out by downloading one at
在audible.com/smarter下载它 不管怎样 回到 额 你想看的怪事上
audible.com/smarter. Anyway, back to your uh.. The weird thing
you wanna watch. OK I must admit this is the first time I’ve ever focused on a man’s
nipple. Go. [laugh]
(Destin) This is messed up! Put your shirt on, now! [laugh]
– This is Master Burwell. He is our
Tae Kwon Do master. (Destin) That’s fancy. Tell me what you think.
– No hit reaction.
你的手腕塌下去了 你这样做之前 做了这个 你倒下是因为
Your wrist caved. Earlier when you did it you did this. You collapsed because
you didn’t lock your wrist. Wrist maintained straight. [shout]
(Destin) So your wrist didn’t fold. – Not at all.
[shout] – So there you have it. Houdini was killed by a punch, and possibly
just a little bit of his own ego.
[Andrew Jackson 制作字幕]captionbyandrew.wordpress.com
[ Captions by Andrew Jackson ] captionsbyandrew.wordpress.com
Captioning in different languages welcome. Please contact Destin if you can help.