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果蝇为何能让你的啤酒味道更佳 – 译学馆
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果蝇为何能让你的啤酒味道更佳

How Fruit Flies Make Your Beer Better

音乐响起
[MUSIC PLAYING]
hi,朋友们
Hi guys.
我是Catie Wayne
I’m Catie Wayne.
这里是动物学人新闻
And this is ‘Animalist News.’
我们常常用酵母来做面包,啤酒和白酒
We humans have been using yeast to make bread, beer, and wine
已经有5000年历史了
for over 5,000 years.
很多人对啤酒是美味
And many humans would agree that alcohol and beer in particular
深以为然
is delicious.
酵母—-是霉菌种群中的一种一大团微生组织
Yeast, a bunch of microorganisms in the fungi family,
是发酵过程的基础
is fundamental in the brewing process.
它们发酵产生二氧化碳
It creates the alcohol and carbon dioxide,
产生了啤酒的泡泡。
which makes beer bubbly, obvi.
但是发酵的规律比这个
But the rule of yeast is a little more complicated
更复杂
than that.
酵母也会产生芳香化合物
Yeast cells also produce aroma compounds
那是啤酒尝起来很香的根本原因
that are essential for the flavor and taste of the beer.
那么问题来了,为什么酵母会产生这些
But one might wonder why yeast cells produce these aroma
香味化合物使啤酒如此美味
compounds that make beer so delightful.
我的意思,当然不是胡须男
I mean, it certainly isn’t so bearded men everywhere
在在痛饮一杯最爱的啤酒
can make that satisfactory ah noise
after taking a swig of their favorite beer.
啊哈
Ah.
这是一种甜的香味
That is some sweet aroma compounds.
好的,通过vib最近的研究
Well, according to a recent study
那是Flanders生物科技研究机构
by VIB, the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology,
这些香味化合物看起来
these aroma compounds appear to have evolved specifically
吸引了果蝇,和花吸引蜜蜂是同样的方式
to attract fruit flies– much in the same way flowers
那就是酵母君搭果蝇的便车
attract bees– so that these yeast cells can hitch
传播它的遗传物质
a ride on the flies and spread their genetic material
到各个地方
elsewhere.
换句话说,显然我们要
In other words, it would appear that we
为我们尝到美味的啤酒感谢果蝇
have fruit flies to thank for the taste of beer.
所以,
So, I tip my fedora to you, flies.
这会使你突然爱上果蝇吗?
Does this make you suddenly love fruit flies?
在评论下方一定要让我知道
Be sure to let me know in the comments below.
如果你希望你能分享一杯冷啤酒
And if you ever wished that you could share a cold one
和你的狗狗,那就看看这个啤酒和狗狗的视频哦
with your puppy, check out this video about beers for your dog.
记得分享我们的视频,因为每次分享
Please remember to share this video because every single one
很重要
counts.
我们下次再见
I love you, and I’ll see you next time.
ヾ( ̄▽ ̄)Bye~Bye~
Bye.

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ezvu2KxJBBE

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