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佛罗里达的消防员如何预防森林火灾

How Florida Firefighters Fight Wildfires with Fire

– [Narrator] Florida is the lightning capital of the United States.
佛罗里达是美国的闪电之都
Over a million bolts strike each year.
它每年的闪电次数达到一百万次以上
Just one can ignite the parched landscape.
一次闪电就能使干旱的土地起火
But this isn’t the disaster that it looks.
但这并不是看起来那样完全是一场灾难
This forest needs fire to survive.
火让森林得以生存
The trees can take the heat.
树能够吸收热量
As the flames clear the forest floor of unwanted scrub.
随着火势增大 无用的灌木丛被烧毁
But a landscape that needs fire creates major conflict
但森林对火的需求
in a state with a growing human presence
与人口的持续增长构成了矛盾
Almost 900 people move here every day.
每天大概有900人迁移至此
Adding to a population of 20 million.
人口增加了2千万
To protect homes, lightning strike fires
为了保卫家园 由闪电引起的火
must be put out immediately.
必须即刻被扑灭
– We can’t have fires just moseying around the landscape.
我们不能任由火蔓延这片土地
There is people that would be in harm’s way.
这里的人们会非常危险
There are houses and people’s livelihoods would be affected.
这里的家庭还有人们的生计会受到影响
– [Narrator] To keep longleaf forests alive,
为了让长叶林存活
here, burns are manmade,
像自然保护协会这样的组织
and carefully managed by organizations
会精心组织
like The Nature Conservancy.
人为烧林
– Fire needs to be addressed, really anywhere,
但不论在哪里 火都需要被扑灭
though prescribed fire.
即便是计划中的火烧
We have to manage this fire, we have to keep it safe.
我们也必须控制火势 保证安全
However, we do our best to mimic
无论如何 我们都会尽力去模仿
what mother nature would have done with naturally ignited fires.
大自然会对自然火灾做的事
The idea of fire is an ecological disturbance
火灾是一种生态失衡的表现
But that really puts a negative spin on it.
但这确实是一种负面的观点
This chaotic, seemingly destructive force,
这种混乱的 看起来不稳定的力量
is mother nature’s great rejuvenator.
其实是大自然强大的恢复力
– [Narrator] Fire has been a feature of this landscape for millennia.
几千年来 火一直是这片土地的特点
And by keeping the natural cycle alive,
并且通过它来维持自然循环
Floridians are leading the way in controlled fire management across the United States.
佛罗里达在火灾管控方面处于美国的领先地位
They’ve reduced the risk of wildfires,
他们降低了野火的危险
and restored thousands of acres of longleaf pine.
并且修复了数千英亩的长叶松

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视频概述

火并不像表面看起来那样糟糕,它也有积极的影响,佛罗里达的人们借助火来保护自己的家园

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

玛卡•巴卡

审核员

审核员CR

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqDq27eblzk

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