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地球人离地球多远就会死? – 译学馆
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地球人离地球多远就会死?

How Far From Earth Have Earthlings Died?

地球生命死时离地面有多远?
How far from earth have earth living beings died?
没有任何地球生命可以规避死亡
No living beings born on the earth can avoid dying
或早或晚 死在同一片土地上 或者说 他们能吗?
sooner or later on the same planet. Or can they?
在这个太空旅行时代
It turns out that now in the age of space travel,
出现了其他的可能性
there are other possibilities.
2016年 据报道称18名宇航员在航天飞行中死亡
As of 2016, 18 astronauts are reported to have died during spaceflights
其中的十五名航天员死在着陆和大气层返航途中
with 15 of them dying right after the launch or upon atmospheric reentry
只有三人死在太空
and only three of them perishing in space
太空中的那三人是苏维埃宇航员
The three people above were the Soviet cosmonauts.
弗拉季斯拉夫•沃尔科夫 维克多•帕查耶夫 格奥尔吉•多勃罗沃利斯基
Vladislav Volkov, Viktor Patsayev and Georgi Dobrovolsky,
也就是联盟11号的全体船员
the crew of Soyuz 11.
1971年6月30日 经过了23天的轨道航行
On June 30 1971, after spending over 23 days in orbit,
他们准备驶离礼炮一号空间站
they were undocking from space station Salyut 1
在轨道和下降模块的分离过程中
when a breathing ventilation valve was unexpectedly jerked open
呼吸通风阀毫无征兆地被猛然拉开
during the separation of the orbital and descent modules.
这导致了气压的不断下降
This resulted in a steady loss of pressure,
气压下降致使了这些宇航员三十秒内全体死亡
which caused the cosmonaut’s death within about 30 seconds.
这场惨剧发生在离地面167千米的高空中
The tragedy occurred at the height of about 167 kilometers.
悲剧的是 这是人类死亡时离地面最远的距离了
So sadly, this is the farthest from the earth that humans have ever died.
然而 人类的太空任务仍通过放置其他生命体进入太空而行进着
However, human space missions were proceeded by launching other living creatures into space.
美国和苏维埃社会主义联合国从1947年起就开始把动物放到火箭上
The United States and the USSR had been putting animals atop rockets since 1947.
那些动物主要是狗 猴子 猩猩 瓶装黄蜂 甲壳虫 乌龟
These were mainly dogs, monkeys, chimps, bottles of wasps, beetles, tortoises,
苍蝇 蠕虫 鱼 蜘蛛 兔子 蜜蜂 蚂蚁 青蛙 老鼠 蟋蟀 老鼠
flies, worms, fish, spiders, rabbits, bees, ants, frogs, mice, crickets, rats,
和其它一些动物 他们大部分都死在了太空
and some other animals many of which died in space.
然而死亡时离地面最远的生命既不是人类也不是实验的动物
But the living beings that have died farthest from Earth are not humans or tested animals.
而是微生物
These are microbes.
尽管为了不污染新环境
Even though spacecrafts need to be and are thoroughly sterilized
航天飞船接受了全面杀菌
in order not to contaminate their new environment.
但做完所有清洁步骤后 许多细菌孢子仍然残留在上面
Many bacterials spores are still found on them after all the cleaning steps.
有时这甚至会导致任务取消
Sometimes this can even lead to a cancellation of the mission.
比如 2003年 因为害怕污染结满冰的卫星欧罗巴
For example, in 2003 fearing contamination of the icy moon Europa,
科学家们利用伽利略号将航天器撞落至木星
scientists controlling the Galileo Mission crashed the spacecraft into Jupitor
以避免细菌在可能宜居的月球上落地生根的意外
to prevent microbes from accidentally taking seed on the Moon which might be habitable.
因此 不论对太空飞船的灭菌新技术如何提升
So, no matter what new methods are developed for sterilizing spacecraft,
即使暴露在紫外线和电离辐射 极端温度 真空环境下
some microbes remain alive even after exposure to the ultraviolet and ionizing radiation,
一些细菌仍能保持活性
extreme temperatures and vacuum of space.
2008年的一项研究在发射之前揭露了
A 2008 study reveal the presences of
1.98×1011马力的无菌宇宙飞船的存在
1.98 times 1011 power bacterial per sterilized spacecraft prior to launch.
假设这些微生物有千分之一在太空环境下存活下来
If hypothetically 1 in 1000 of these microorganisms survives in space conditions,
他们中的十分之一又在飞船上找到能免受紫外线辐射的地方
and one in ten of these finds a place aboard to avoid ultraviolet radiation then
而每一个航天员一定会携带一千万细菌孢子进入外太空
then an average voyager must carry about 10 millions spores into deep space.
基于另一项研究 每六年他们的死亡率为30%
Based on another study, their death rate is proved to be 30% per 6 years,
这意味着50年内他们的数量仍为一百万
which means in 50 years time their nubmer will still be 1 million
即使每十分钟就有一只细菌死亡
with one of them dying every 10 minutes,
也因此创下了死亡时离地面最远的记录
thus setting another record in dying farthest from earth.
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There is a lot of fun stuff ahead.

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视频概述

谁创下了死亡时离地面最远的记录?本视频将为你揭秘

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smWKqIUIGzk

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