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肉罐头是怎么做的?

How Factories Produce Canned Meat | How It's Made

造物小百科
.
现在的人们过于忙碌
With so much on their plates,
大忙人们需要靠一些捷径来帮他们准备三餐
busy people rely on shortcuts to help prepare meals.
现如今 你可以在食品柜里摆满
Nowadays, you can stock your pantry
预先加工好的肉罐头
with cans of precooked meat.
这样你在做三明治 炖菜 炒菜或者其他美食的时候
So there’s always something on hand to use
手头总能有现成的东西可用
in sandwiches,stews, stir-fries, and other tasty dishes.
这种罐装肉是由一家罐头厂纯手工精制
This canned meat is meticulous hand-produced
且小批量生产的
by a craft cannery and made in small batches.
它里面不含人工添加剂或者防腐剂
It contains no artificial ingredients or preservatives,
只有肉和海盐
just meat and sea salt.
当一批肉抵达罐头厂后
When a shipment of meat arrives at the cannery,
为了追踪肉源 品控负责人会记录它的编码
The quality control manager records its lot code for tracking purpose.
出于食品安全的考虑
As a food-safety precaution, he confirms the temperature of the meat,
他要确定肉的温度必须在0到39华氏度之间
which must come in between 0° to 39° Fahrenheit.
然后 一个熟练的切肉工会对肉进行检视
A skilled butcher then inspects the meat
切除过多的肥肉
and trims off the excess fat.
如果肉块较大
If it’s a larger piece,
切肉工会将其切成小块
the butcher slices it into smaller pieces
这样才能使它能通过碎肉机
so that it can pass through the dicing machine.
碎肉机会把肉分割成1英寸的小块
The dicer cuts the meat into one-inch cubes.
在装罐区
At the filling station,
铝制的罐头盒被围置在一个转动的台子周边
aluminum cans circulate around a rotating table.
一个工人将肉块铲到台子的中心
As one worker shovels cubed meat on the center of the table,
其他的工人用手将罐头装满
others manually fill cans,
并同时进行质检
while simultaneously performing a quality inspection.
工人们会将颜色不新鲜
Workers will discard any cubes
或者过肥的肉块丢掉
that are discolored or too fatty.
接着 技术人员会在每个装满肉的罐头里
Next, technicians place a single cube of sea salt
放入一块海盐
in each can filled with meat.
这是唯一添加的配料
This is the only added ingredient.
在下一个操作区 工人们会对每个罐头进行单独称重
At the next station, workers weigh each can individually
然后加入或移除肉块以使其达到标准重量
and either add or remove meat to reach the required weight.
现在装满的罐头会通过一条传送带
The filled cans now travelon a conveyer belt
抵达烹饪车间
to the cook room.
在那儿 它们进入预热器
There they enter the pre-heater,
这台机器会向它们喷射20秒的蒸汽
which blasts them with steam for 20 seconds.
这可以排掉肉块之间的空气
This expels air that’s trapped between the cubes of meat.
紧接着 罐头进入密封机器
Next, the cans move into the closing machine.
这台机器会挤压肉块
The machine compresses the meat
以便在罐头的顶部留出足够的空隙
to provide sufficient clearance at the top of the can
该顶部的空隙使罐头内形成真空
This head space creates a vacuum on the can
将剩余空气抽出
to draw out the remaining air.
然后 通过运用二重卷边工艺的设备
Then a device attaches the lid
为罐头加盖
by a process known as double seaming.
这项工艺使罐盖边缘和管身相互卷合
The process rolls the edges of the lid and can together,
形成一个卷边 从而使罐子密封
forming a rim that provides an airtight seal.
是时候去烹制了
It’s time to get cooking.
工人将罐头放入一个商用尺寸的高压锅中
A worker lowers the cans into a commercial-sized pressure cooker.
在气压的作用下烹制
Cooking under steam pressure
肉可以在短时间内达到在慢煮中才有的软嫩效果
produces the tenderizing effects of slow cooking in a fraction of the time.
这些肉在自己的原汁中烹制
The meat cooks in its own juices.
烹制温度会根据肉的种类和罐头的大小有所区别
The cooking temperature varies depending on the type of meat and the can size.
肉煮好后 技术人员会将罐头移出
When the meat is ready, the technician removes the cans
在一边放置大约一个小时 使其冷却和干燥
and sets them aside for about an hour to cool and dry.
罐头随后会被送入包装区域
The cans are then moved to the packaging area.
当工人将罐头装入贴标机时
As a worker loads the labeling machine,
他会逐个检查罐头是否存在凹陷或密封破损
he inspects each can for dents or damaged seals.
密封好的罐头一个接一个地滚过上胶装置
One by one, the cans roll over a glue applicator, then a stack of lables,
然后罐体被黏上商标
wrapping themselves in the top seal.
与此同时 机器会计算罐头数量
At the same time, the machine counts the number of cans.
从贴标机滚出后
After rolling off the labeling machine,
罐头会从喷码机下方经过
the cans pass through an ink-jet printer,
这台机器为罐头喷上最佳食用日期
which applies the Best-Used-By date.
那个日期紧挨着罐头的生产批号
That date is next to the lot code,
那是在密封机给罐头加盖时印上的
which the closing machine printed while attaching the lid.
这种肉罐头可以在架子上放置五年
This can of meat has a five-year shelf life,
这主要是因为两个至关重要的因素
due to two crucial factors:
合理烹制和密封存置
it is cooked properly and the can’s seal is airtight.
鸡肉罐头
.
火鸡肉罐头
.
牛肉罐头
.

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译制信息
视频概述

方便健康的肉罐头

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Bringin

审核员

审核员_BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p40gaCou2Qs

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