Why do humans explore?
Well, part of it is quite fundamental to our nature
there’s adventure and challenge in it
But for me, the reason I’m drawn to exploration is because
it forces us to think in novel ways
作为发明家 我喜欢沉浸在奇特的氛围中 喜欢不断找寻
And as an inventor I love going into extraordinary environments and finding ways to do that
more safely, more effectively developing ways to extract better science.
所以 对我来说 这真的是一剂创新的催化剂
And so for me it’s actually been a wonderful catalyst for innovation.
Similar to NASA’s history when you think back to the Apollo program
which is sort of the icon of my childhood, the thing that I wanted to be a part of as a kid
必须发明 能够安全将宇航员送入地球轨道 然后再到月球的设备
the things that had to be invented to safely send astronauts first into Earth orbit and then to the moon,
the list is so long.
But what came of that is an extraordinary list of technologies
that we now take for granted.
For example, the heart monitoring capabilities called the Holter monitor
that we now have in daily practice around the world, that was something that was driven out necessity.
We needed to monitor heart health neded to make sure that the crew is still alive
onboard those early tiny capsules.
所以 通过我们能力的提高 无论是上天还是下海
So by pushing our capabilities, whether it’s up in space, down in the Antarctic, inside
volcanoes, underneath our oceans, we have to develop new technologies that benefit all
the rest of us in our daily lives.
因此 这个世界仍然充满未知 我的意思是
And so the world is still very, very unknown and what I mean by that is yes we’ve been
to most parts of our globe, but now we have a whole array of new sensing capabilities,
new technologies, new analytical capabilities, big data analytics that will allow us to go
我们再踏入这些地方 可以汲取更多的知识 施展我们的能力
back to these places and extract more knowledge and press our capabilities more.
So I think it’s an incredibly exciting time to be alive and certainly as an explorer.
迄今为止 通过空间项目和空间探索的历程 我们已经
Through the course of our space program and our space exploration thus far, we’ve developed
开发出 将宇航员 移民安全送到遥远世界的工具及对策
the tools and countermeasures to safely send astronauts, colonists, to far-away worlds.
And so, as I’ve already alluded, I think it’s our human destiny to go beyond Earth
to hopefully create an outpost on the moon similar to what we have at the south pole,
where we could conduct deep space research and also create a way point to resupply spacecraft
that could travel further on, to Mars and other exciting places in our own solar system.
你也许听过恩克拉多丝 欧罗巴或泰坦 这些是地外行星上 被冰雪覆盖的卫星
You may have heard of Enceladus or Europa or Titan, these are ice encrusted moons of
our outer planets that have geothermal or volcanic activity within them
因此 它们才是名副其实冰川 如果我们能把飞船或船员
and so they’re actually ice-crusted oceans, and wouldn’t it be amazing if we could send a spacecraft
and or crew there and sample those waters?
我想 至少会发现一些简单的生命形式 这种可能性是非常大的
I would think that the likelihood of finding at least some simple life forms there is quite high.
That would change everything, to realize that life is perhaps not as unique as we thought.
I think deep space exploration is a human imperative,
understanding our place in the solar system and in the broader universe.
进行中的一件激动人心的事就是 我们正探索这些 围绕遥远星系的外星行星
And one of the exciting things that’s happening right now is we’re discovering these exoplanets
surrounding far-away star systems, and in fact planets are probably not the exception but probably the rule.
There are probably planetary bodies around every little star,
twinkle twinkle little star that we see in the night sky
and so it’s incredibly exciting to think about what might be out there.
Is there life elsewhere?
And I think if we just think about it statistically, the trillions and trillions of star systems
and far-away galaxies and the incredible number of planets that are certainly out there,
the conditions for life must certainly exist.
So I’m excited about the prospect of sending,
hopfully, crews first to the moon but then on to Mars
and I’m really so excited about Elon Musk’s vision of colonizing Mars.
In fact, he’s got designs to design rockets that would carry a hundred colonists
at a time and taking them to live out the rest of their lives on Mars.
他是个有趣的人 而且我深信 只要投入相应的精力和金钱
He’s a pretty interesting guy, as I’m sure you know, he’s been successful at pretty
much everything that he has set his mind and his money to do,
but he’s so dedicated to this kind of concept of colonization that he’s stated that he wants to die on Mars
and I think that’s commitment
I’m really passionate about virtual reality and mixed or augmented reality in the future,
ways in which we can interact and learn and train ourselves to do new things from very remote places.
And it will allow us to actually control robotics and do things
that we would never be able to do in person because that environment is so dangerous.
So the human-machine interface is actually something that is part of my daily life now.
I’m at CEO of a tech startup company called Fluidity Technologies
我们主要靠知识产权 机器人控制 贷款及机器学习发展
that is based on intellectual property, robotic controls, leveraging, machine learning.
So we’re able, in a single hand with our controllers, to operate drones, potentially
甚至是直升机 或遥控操作装置 电脑游戏 计算机辅助设计
even helicopters and ROVs, computer games, computer-aided design, augmented reality and
maybe even teleoperation of surgical robots.
未来 我希望能够给予世界的是 一台远程操控手术
And so in my far-away view, what I’d love to be able to offer the world is a surgeon
here in New York City being able to operate with one of our controllers and deliver the
same high-quality care to a patient in sub-Saharan Africa or in rural Nepal.
That sounds like science fiction,
but it’s really quite attainable with the technologiesthat I see on the forefront.