ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

批评如何影响大众文化? – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

批评如何影响大众文化?

How does criticism affect popular culture?

批评是如何影响大众文化的?
Popularity is a great question;
流行是一个大问题
it’s just an intriguing question.
是一个有趣的问题
I think especially now in the kind of consumer capitalist culture
特别在当今资本主义消费文化下
where taste and sometimes quality is being measured
我认为有时候品味和质量
in dollars and in numbers and in ratings and box office and all of that.
是用美元 数字 收视率和票房来衡量的
And sometimes popularity is just taken to be sufficient kind of judgment.
有时候 流行只是一种足够多的评判
It’s like well everybody liked that and that movie made a ton of money.
就像每个人都喜欢那种大赚的电影
Everybody loved that movie.
所有人都喜欢那种票房好的电影
And sometimes those movies that everybody loved
有时候 那种人人都喜欢的电影
actually turn out to be really good
确实非常好
or I think they’re really good.
我也是这样认为的
Sometimes they’re not.
但有时它们也不见得很好
But the popularity has a funny way of correcting or reversing itself.
但流行是一种自我纠正或扭转的有趣方式
It’s always fascinating to me how like when I was a kid
当我年幼时 我总觉得一张专辑很迷人
every single person it seemed bought this album, Frampton Comes Alive.
因为每个人似乎都买了这张专辑《Frampton Comes Alive》
And it was like the biggest selling album.
它几乎是当时最畅销的专辑
I mean I’m dating myself.
我是说追溯一下我自己
I’m a very old person, but it was on vinyl.
我岁数不小了 那张专辑还是黑胶唱片
And then like five years later you could not give a copy of that –
差不多五年后 你不能再拿出这样的拷贝
like no used record store would take your copy of that in trade
就像没有任何二手唱片店会入手你的拷贝一样
and just bins were full of it.
它只适合待在垃圾箱里
Everyone was just like, “What? No.”
大家就会说“什么?不”
And you see that with popular music; you see that with movies.
你可以在流行音乐中 电影中看到这个道理
I mean a few years ago like Avatar made a billion dollars and everyone was going to see it.
就像几年前 《阿凡达》赚了十亿美元 大家都会去看
It even showed up on the critic’s top 10 lists.It was just this frenzy about Avatar.
它甚至出现在评论家的10大榜单上 这就是对《阿凡达》的狂热
And now nobody you know, nobody talks about it.
而现在你也知道 很少有人再提及这部片子
It’s not even that people hate it, people just don’t care about it.
并不是人们讨厌它 人们只是不在乎它了
So popularity is a weird and fickle kind of index of things.
所以 流行是一种古怪而变化无常的东西
So it’s never identical to quality,
它从来不会和质量正相关
although sometimes it coincides with it.
尽管有时候它会考虑到质量
And I’ve been particularly fascinated with
而且我一直好奇
how judgments change over time
评论是如何随着时间的推移而改变
and how things that were very popular fall by the wayside,
以及那些非常受欢迎的事物是如何中途夭折的
but also how the opposite happens.
还有那些反转的例子
How movies or books or paintings or music
电影 书籍 绘画 音乐
or whatever that was ignored or mocked or rejected at its own moment
以及其他当时被忽视 嘲弄 拒绝的东西
resurfaces and comes to seem so wonderful and to have such great value.
是如何重新浮现出来 并变得美妙且具有巨大价值的
I mean I write a little bit in the book about Moby Dick,
我是说 我在书中写了一点关于《白鲸》的内容
which is just one of my favorite examples of this.
这是我最喜欢的例子之一
Herman Melville was a best selling author of nautical adventures
赫尔曼·梅尔维尔是航海冒险的畅销书作家
and he wrote this big philosophically ambitious novel about a whaling voyage
他写了这本关于捕鲸航行的激动人心的大型哲学小说
and the critics at the time basically sort of rejected it and it was forgotten.
而当时的评论家都有些排斥这本书 它被遗忘了
He was forgotten.
他也被遗忘了
It completely vanished.
它完全消失了
By the end of the 19th-century
到了19世纪末
there was one copy of it in a library somewhere that was in like the fishing section of the library.
在一个图书馆的犄角旮旯 有这么一本书
And now everyone who studies American literature reads it and it’s sort of,
现在每个研究美国文学的人都会读到这本书
by consensus, one of the great masterpieces of the American literary imagination.
大家一致认为 它是能代表美国文学想象力的伟大杰作之一
How did that happen?
怎么会这样?
What was the critical process?
关键过程是什么?
And that is an example of what criticism is and how it works,
这就是批评是什么 以及它如何运作的例子

both at its worst and its best that criticism
无论褒贬
it was critics who misjudged this book
都是批评家们错误地判断了这本书
and cast it aside and said this is impossible;
并把它丢在一边 说它不可能畅销
this is 800 pages of like philosophical gobbledygook and there’s not really any great whale hunting in here
这是800页的伟大的捕鲸哲学著作被明珠暗投
until the very end and cast it aside.
直到最后才被挑拣出来
And then it was critics also, how so to speak,
可以这么说 批评家也功不可没
fished it up out of the deep, out of oblivion
他们把它从深海里捞出来 从遗忘中捞出来
and put it back on everybody’s shelf.
放回到每个人的书架上

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

流行的并不一定是好的

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ABC

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s2vozzMrTCw

相关推荐