未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

怎样知道你就是天才呢

How Do You Know If You’re A Genius?

大家好 欢迎来到“品生活”
Hey there! Welcome to Life Noggin.
你是否有过一些很棒的主意
Have you ever had some incredible ideas
进而纳闷自己是不是个天才?
and wondered if you were a genius?
或许你对国际象棋非常精通
Maybe you’re really good at chess.
或许你在智商测试中得分相当高
Maybe you’ve scored really wellon an IQ test.
但你怎么知道
But how can you know
你是有一个天才的大脑还是平常的大脑?
if you have a genius brain or a normal one?
是什么让人成为天才
What makes someone a genius
对此的讨论非常激烈
is actually hotly debated.
而且并无定论
There’s no set definition,
不过通常有两种方法可以弄清楚
but there are two commonly used methods to determine
某人是不是天才
whether or not someone is a genius.
第一种方法 靠智商判断
The first relies on IQ.
人们通常认为
It’s often thought that
只要智商超过140 便是天才
anyone with an IQ over 140 is a genius,
不过科学界并不完全认同这种看法
but the scientific communitydoesn’t exactly agree.
毕竟智商测验多不胜数
With so many tests out there,
在一项智商测验中得了140分
a score of 140 on one test
并不一定意味着
doesn’t necessarily mean
在其他智商测验中得分相同
you’d score the same on another.
不过 智商测验成绩并非不重要
IQ scores are important though.
“门萨”是历史最悠久 名气也极大的
Mensa,the oldest andprobably most well-known society
高智商人士俱乐部
for “highly intelligent individuals”
而“门萨”只接纳那些
only admits people
在它认可的智商测试中成绩前2%的人
who scored in the top 2 %on any of their approved IQ tests.
但智商测试并不是普遍适用的
But the IQ approach is a bit one-size-fits-all.
我也给他们打过电话 但他们不让我进
Also I called,and they won’t let me in
因为我是“动画人物” 太欺负人了
because I’m quote,”an animation”.Bullies.
另一种对“天才”的理解更加模糊
The second understanding of the wordgenius is a bit more fluid.
它仍看重智力
It still weighs heavily on intelligence,
只是不可量化
just not quantifiable intelligence.
从这个意义讲
In this sense of the word,
天才是在特定专业领域有
a genius is someone with valuable, transformative ideas
富有价值 改革性的想法的人
in a specific area of expertise.
他们都很有创意而且坚持不懈
They’re very creative and persistent
有着独特的世界观
and have an unfiltered view of the world.
与“门萨”标准相反
As opposed to Mensa’s test standards,
麦克阿瑟基金
the MacArthur Foundation
给这些人以天才资助金
give their so-called Genius Grantsto these types of people.
但是这些人是如何选出呢?
But how does all this come about?
这些人是天生的还是训练的?
Are people born geniuses or are they made?
幸运的是 两者都有
Lucky for all of us, the answer is both.
有些事情并不明确 是什么使一个孩子
It’s not entirely clear what causes a child
成为高智商的人或者天才?
to be highly intelligent, or a genius,
有一些天赋信号 包括
but some early tell-tale signs include
特别的记忆力 强烈的好奇心
unusual memory, insatiable curiosity,
对于某些特定的东西有深入了解
and an in-depth knowledge of a certain subject.
这些孩子可以在成长时保持天赋
These kids can keeptheir genius abilities as they grow
但大多数时候
but most of the time,
这些孩子们长大后会变成普通人
they grow up to be regular adultswith regular abilities.
有一类特殊人群
One particular group of individuals
他们能保持着自己的天赋
who do appear to keep their gifts
因为他们患有学者综合征
are people with Savant Syndrome.
这种罕见情况一般出现在
This rare condition occurs in
有严重精神残疾的人身上
people with serious mental disabilities
但同时他们才能卓越
and gives them remarkable skills
例如在音乐 数学和艺术等领域
in areas like music, math and art.
随着时间推移 天才的地位提升
Genius status is also thought to develop over time,
但仍需要一个确定的智商标准来衡量天才
but you still need to havea solid level of intelligence.
成为天才的一大因素是
One key factor in making a genius
精通一个指定的领域
is the mastery of a particular subject,
而专家估计这要花上10年
which some experts estimatecould take about 10 years.
心理素质和处理问题能力
Mental endurance and creative problem-solving
是成为天才关键
are also big parts of becoming a genius.
人们突然唤醒
People have awoken with sudden
音乐 数学 语言以及科学能力
musical,mathematical,linguisticand scientific abilities,
致使专家们相信
leading some experts to believe that
这些天赋深藏在我们的大脑中
these gifts lie deep within all of our brains,
只不过需要被唤醒
the parts just need to be activated.
这里还有个疑问
There’s also the question of
智力型和创造性天才
whether intelligent and creative genius-ness
是否与精神疾病有关联
is linked to mental illness.
对此有很多争论
There is a lot of debate about this
可惜至今没有明确答案
and sadly, no straightforward answer.
但怎样用生理学解释这些?
But how does all this translate physiologically?
有发现称高智商人群的大脑与普通人相比
Well, it’s been found that highly intelligent people’s brains
有着不同的兴奋和程序控制
are wired and programmed differently than normal brains.
与更高的认知能力有关的部分
The parts associated with higher cognition
与普通人相比 有更好的连通性
have better connectivity than an average persons.
对于高智商人群而言
For the highly intelligent,
他们的前部的脑干和大脑皮层
their anterior insulae and anterior cingulate cortices
在传输信息时扮演着更重要的角色
play bigger roles in the movement of information
与低智商的大脑相比
than in less intelligent brains.
如何激活高智商人群的前额叶皮质
There are also differencesin how the prefrontal cortices
有着很大的差异
are activated in highly intelligent people.
听起来 天才们的大脑就是比普通人好
It sounds like their brainsare just better at being brains.
然而不要担心 给你们每人一句纪念性的话
Don’t worry though, I have a trophyfor every single one of you,
活着真好 万岁!
and it says”Good Job On Being Alive. Hooray!”
你希望自己成为哪一个领域的天才?
If you could be a genius is any area, what would be it?
我们一起看看以下评论
Let us know in the comment section below.
如果你想知道为什么你这么好奇
And if you’re curious aboutwhy you’re so…curious,
记得去看我的好朋友Braincraft的Vanessa的视频
that make sure to check out my good friend Vanessa on Braincraft.
她最近做了一个关于我们为什么会提问的视频
She recently made a video aboutwhy we ask questions.
找出来看看
Check it out.
好奇的信号会在我们脑海循环
and curiosity taps into our reward circuitin our brain.
这种新的信息会促进多巴胺分泌
This new information can trigger the release of dopamine
让你感觉非常好
which makes you feel fantastic!
一如既往 我是Blocko 这里是“品生活”
as always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin.
不要忘记 要一直思考
Don’t forget to keep on thinking.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

你是个普通人,还是个天才?如何区分呢?快来看看吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

似水流年

审核员

审核员 EY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_pxQcHAMi1E

相关推荐