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如何摆脱口腔溃疡? – 译学馆
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如何摆脱口腔溃疡?

How Do You Get Rid of a Canker Sore?

你正坐在那里
So you are sitting there,
打算享用早餐 – 墨西哥卷饼
trying to eat your breakfast burrito,
结果每咬一口食物
but this thing inside your lip
都会引起口腔疼痛
hurts every time you take a bite.
再来一大口橙汁
Then you go for a swig of orange juice,
它却刺痛得直流眼泪
and it stings so much that your eyes start to water.
这就是患上口腔溃疡(Aphthous Ulcer)后的写照
That’s life with a canker sore, technically called Aphthous Ulcer.
一旦得了口腔溃疡
Once you have one,
痊愈差不多要持续一周左右
you are pretty much stuck with it for the next week or so,
但是你还是可以做一些措施
but there are something you can do
来预防口腔溃疡的
to try to prevent canker sores in the first place
也有办法可以减轻疼痛
and there are ways to make them hurt less
甚至可能加速愈合
and maybe even heal faster.
请注意 我们说的不是唇疱疮
To be clear, we are not talking about cold sores here,
唇疮长在嘴唇外
the bumps you might get on your lips outside your mouth.
由病毒引起
Those are caused by a viral infection.
口腔溃疡简单说就是口腔内的微创
Instead, the Aphthous Ulcer are basically little abrasions inside your mouth,
多是因为外在刺激而造成的
often caused by something that irritates a spot,
比如摩擦口腔壁的牙套或假牙
like braces or dentures, rubbing against your cheek,
或是酸辣食物
or acidic or spicy foods,
但也有一些其他因素
but there are other factors involved too.
研究表明过度焦虑
Studies have shown that when people are especially stressed,
可能会造成口腔溃疡
they tend to get more canker sores,
可能是因为身体释放的荷尔蒙
possibly because the hormones your body releases
焦虑时所释放的荷尔蒙会引起炎症
when you’re stressed, can trigger inflammation.
另外营养不良
And nutritional deficiencies,
如铁或维生素B12缺乏
like if you’re not getting enough iron or vitamin b12,
会导致口腔内的细胞壁变薄
can thin the cell layers lining your mouth,
造成更多口腔溃疡
leading to more canker sores.
有些人更可怜
And then there are the unlucky folks
他们会患上RAS
who have recurrent aphthous stomatitis, or RAS,
即反复出现的更为严重的口腔溃疡
which basically means that they have extra painful canker sores that keep reappearing.
研究人员对造成RAS的原因尚不确定
Researchers aren’t totally sure why people get RAS,
可能与遗传或深度焦虑有关
but it might have to do with genetics or higher stress levels.
要预防溃疡就应避免辛辣食物
So to try to prevent canker sores, you can avoid spicy foods,
并小心口腔中的尖锐物品 如牙套
and be careful with anything sharp or poky in your mouth, like braces.
但这也无法完全保证不会患病
But there’s no guarantee that you won’t get one anyway.
好消息是牙医们有办法
The good news is there are things dentists recommend
减轻口腔溃疡在愈合时所造成的疼痛
trying to make a canker sore less painful while it heals.
你可以买到一种叫Benzocaine的药物来治疗
You can buy treatments with a chemical called Benzocaine,
通过神经末梢来麻痹痛感
which interacts with your nerve endings to numb the sore,
所以当你咀嚼的时候不会感到疼痛
so it doesn’t hurt when you chew.
你还可以用稀释的双氧水漱口
You can also rinse your mouth with some diluted hydrogen peroxide,
虽然痛的要命但可以杀死细菌
which will burn like the sun but will kill off bacteria
细菌可能迟滞溃疡愈合
that might infect the canker sore and make it stick around longer.
还有一种叫Fluocinonide的类固醇处方药
And prescription medications with a steroid called Fluocinonide
可以加速愈合
can make the canker sore heal faster,
并且通过对免疫系统的作用来达到消肿的目的
and interact with your immune system to bring down swelling.
对于像RAS等重症
For tougher cases, like RAS,
医生还开出其他更强效的类固醇或抗生素处方
doctors can prescribe stronger meds like other steroids or antibiotics,
副作用更大
They come with stronger side effects,
但也确实能减少罹患口腔溃疡的次数
but have been shown to reduce the number of canker sores people get,
并在溃疡发生时减轻疼痛
and make the ones they do get less painful.
所以下次你遇上这烦人的疼痛
So the next time you get one of these annoying painful things,
请记得希望还是有的
just remember there is hope.
感谢提问 更感谢Patreon网站的用户
Thanks for asking, and thanks especially to all of our patrons on Patreon
感谢你们提供的回答
who keep these answers coming.
如需提问
If you’d like to submit questions to be answered,
请登录patreon.com/scishow提交问题
just go to patreon.com/scishow.
也请记得访问youtube.com/subscribe并订阅
And don’t forget to go to youtube.com/scishow and subscribe.

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视频概述

如何预防口腔溃疡,或在患病后减轻疼痛并加速愈合

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

叶森

审核员

与光同尘

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OrwkzMe-TCA

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