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费洛蒙是否真能带来你要的浪漫 – 译学馆
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费洛蒙是否真能带来你要的浪漫

How Do Pheromones Work?

你知道“一见钟情”这句话 对吧?
You know the saying, love at first sight, right?
那么 爱情闻起来是什么样的
Well,what about love at first scent?
也许你们中的一些人一直想买些费洛蒙
Maybe some of you have been thinking buying some pheromones
让自己快速坠入爱河
to put you on the fast track to romance.
在我们讨论这是否是个好主意之前
Before we get into whether or not that’s a good idea,
让我们先来看看什么是费洛蒙
let’s take a look at what pheromones are,
这种物质是否能真的影响我们的思维方式
and if these things can actually affect the way we think.
(一闪而过的声音)
(Reactions Splash)
1959年 昆虫学家最先确认费洛蒙是一种化学物质
Entomologists first identified pheromones in 1959 as chemical substances
昆虫用它引起同伴的某种特定行为反应
that were used by insects to cause certain behavioral reactions in their peers.
换句话说
In other words,
它们是动物王国里一种令人印象深刻的化学交流方式
they were a pretty impressive form of chemical communication in the animal kingdom.
随着研究的发展
As research developed,
各种生物体内都发现了费洛蒙 包括人类
pheromones were identified in all walks of life,including human beings.
但是 研究人体内的费洛蒙可比研究昆虫体内的困难多了
However,studying pheromones in insects is a cakewalk compared to humans,
因为我们是复杂得多的生物
because we are far more complex creatures.
费洛蒙也有很多种
There’s also many kinds of pheromones out there,
我们先看看一种被称为“释放器”的费洛蒙
so let’s focus on the pheromones called “ releasers”
—它是涉及性吸引力的费洛蒙
– the ones that involve sexual attraction.
每个人都生活在自己的感官世界里
Every individual lives in their own sensory world,
这就是为什么研究人类费洛蒙极其困难的主要原因
and this is the main reason why studying human pheromones is extremely difficult.
个人历史 甚至是感知到气味的环境
Personal history or even the context of a perceived smell
都会影响一个人对气味的反应
can affect an individual’s response to it.
例如 你可能喜欢汽油的味道
For example, you may like the smell of gasoline
因为你的父亲是一名机械师
cus your dad was a mechanic.
而其他人可能讨厌它 因为他们晕车
Someone else might hate it cuz they’re in a carsick.
而且每个人的嗅觉系统都没有标准设置
Also there isn’t a standard setup for everyone’s olfactory system,
所以每个人的鼻子里都有一套不同的化学传感器
so each person has a different set of chemical sensors in their nose.
科学家还没有能够分离出人类的“释放器”
Scientists haven’t been able to isolate“releasers ”in humans yet,
这很可能是由于这些并发症
and it very well could be due to these complications.
所以 如果还没有任何孤立的人类释放者
So, if there aren’t any isolated human releasers yet,
他们到底在你网上买的那些爱情药剂里放了什么?
what the heck are they putting in those love potions you buy online?
它们中的大部分都含有
Well,most of these contain trace amounts of
这三种挥发性化合物的微量
these three volatile compounds.
不管你信不信
Believe it or not folks,
这些实际上是真正的释放剂 它们确实有神奇的功效 但前提是你是一头猪
these are in fact real releasers, and they do work wonders but only if you are a pig.
不 我不是说让费洛蒙像猪一样活动
No, I’m not saying to put pheromones on and act like a pig,
是说这些化合物是从猪身上分离出来的
I’m saying that these are compounds that have been isolated in pigs.
所以 如果你觉得温文尔雅 在手腕上擦了一点这种东西
So if you’re feeling suave and rubbed a little bit of this stuff on your wrists,
请远离农场
stay away from the farm.
这是为了你好
It’s for your own good.
现在你可能会想
Now you might wondering,
这些商店购买的释放器是否合法
is there any legitimacy about these store bought releasers,
难道这只是对渴望浪漫的人施加的残酷玩笑?
or is it all just a cruel joke on people starving for romance?
科学已经证明了这些费洛蒙在猪身上的存在和有效性
Science has proven the existence and effectiveness of these pheromones in pigs,
然而 许多费洛蒙的制造商声称
yet a lot of the manufactures of these pheromones claim that
它们对人类起作用
they work on humans
通过使用一种叫做犁鼻器的特殊化学传感器
through the use of a specialized chemical sensor tool called the vomeronasal organ.
我们将集中精力 这看起来不像他们在他们的研究中做的
We’ll focus ,it doesn’t look like they’ve done in their research,
因为犁鼻器在基本上只是人类的外壳
because a vomeronasal organ is basically just a shell in humans
甚至没有连接到我们的大脑
and isn’t even wired to our brains.
最重要的是
And on top of that,
他们产品中的费洛蒙
the chemical pheromones in their products
甚至不能被猪的犁鼻器检测到
aren’t even detected by the vomeronasal organs of pigs.
所以 我们几乎被蒙在鼓里
So we’re pretty much left in the dark
在谈到激发性欲的猪的气味的时候
when it comes to lust inspiring pig smells.
所以 对于所有正在寻找快速浪漫之路的人来说 很抱歉打破了你的幻想
So for all you looking for a quick path to romance,sorry to burst your bubble,
但你只能用传统的方式去做
but you’re just going to have to do it in the old fashioned way.
但是你可以尝试用你新获得的一些化学知识来让男生或女生疯狂!
But you can try using some of your newly-gained chemistry knowledge to drive the guys or gals wild!
感谢收看本期“人与人之间的化学交流”节目
Thanks for watching folks, and on the topic of chemical communication,
请务必收看本期“为什么狗狗会互相闻屁屁”节目
make sure to watch this video on why dogs smell each other’s butts,
或者本期“为什么大蒜会让你口臭”节目
or maybe learn why garlic gives you bad breath with this video.
当你在这里的时候 一定要看看美国化学学会网络研讨会的YouTube页面
And while you’re here,make sure to check out ACS Webinars YouTube page,
里面有很多很棒的内容
it’s got tons of great content.
只要点击这个按钮 你就能打开它
Just click this button here and it will send you right there.
别忘了订阅
Don’t forget to subscribe.

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依据科学研究,告诉你现有研究出的费洛蒙是什么、市面上的爱情药水是否真能让人感到浪漫

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