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不同种类的汪星人之间差别有多大? – 译学馆
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不同种类的汪星人之间差别有多大?

How Different Are Different Types of Dogs?

嗨 这是来自一分钟地球网的凯特
Hi, this is Kate from MinuteEarth.
自从19世纪英国富人创办了赛狗 并将其作为吸引大量观众的运动以来
Ever since rich British folks invented dog shows as a spectator sport in the late 1800s,
人们就一直炫耀他们的狗 并希望他们的狗是所在“品种”中
people have been parading pooches around with the goal of taking the top spot in their dogs’
的第一名
so-called “breed group.”
这些品种是基于狗狗的被饲养的历史职责划分的
These breed groups are based on the historical jobs dogs were bred to do, with game-retrievers
擅长游戏的狗狗 比如拉布拉多犬和西班牙猎犬 属于运动犬 擅长看家的比如 杜兵犬和大训犬 属于工作犬
like labs and spaniels in the sporting group, guard dogs like dobermans and mastiffs in
柯利牧羊犬和牧羊犬 嗯 属于放牧犬
the working group, and herding dogs like collies and sheepdogs in, well, the herding group.
尽管现在大部分狗狗只会懒懒的嗅屁股 但他们品种依旧影响着
And although most dogs today are just butt-sniffing layabouts, their breed group still influences
我们对它们的看法
how we think about them.
这就是为什么犬类品种机构说 运动犬更专注
Which is why dog breed organizations describe dogs in the sporting group as attentive, dogs
牧羊犬更聪明 工作犬勇敢-但是或许
in the herding group as smart, and dogs in the working group as courageous – but perhaps
这些对于有小孩的家庭并不适用
unsuited for families with young kids.
然而 二十年的犬类研究揭示 尽管同一品种的狗狗有某些共同的技能
However, two decades of canine research have revealed that while dogs in a given breed
但除此之外它们并没有那么多共同点
group often share certain skills, they really don’t have that much else in common.
在瑞典的一个研究中 研究者组织超过13000只31种狗狗完成
In one study in Sweden, researchers ran more than 13,000 dogs of 31 different breeds through
狗狗对声响 意外 和人类随机拥抱的反应行为测试
a course full of sounds, surprises, and random humans attempting to snuggle.
他们发现不同品种的狗狗 活泼程度 好奇心 社交能力和敌对情绪
They found that levels of playfulness, curiosity, sociability, and aggression did not differ
并无不同
among breed groups.
更奇怪的是 实验证明 金毛比起其他运动犬 和罗纳维尔犬更相像
Even weirder, it turned out that golden retrievers are more similar to Rottweilers than they
拳师犬和其他工作犬比起来
are to their fellow sporting dogs, and Boxers are more like Labs than they are like other
更像拉布拉多
working dogs.
事实上 大部分的狗狗和其他品种的狗狗行为更相似 而不是
In fact, most dogs act more like breeds outside their group than they act like other breeds
同一品种的
within their group.
除此之外 很多狗狗智力的研究已经表明 当涉及到一些技能
What’s more, dozens of canine intelligence studies have shown that, when it comes to
比如走出迷宫和服从命令 所有品种的狗狗表现大致相同
skills like solving mazes and following commands, all breed groups perform about the same, even
虽然某些狗确实比其他狗聪明些
though some individual dogs are definitely smarter than others.
所以爱狗人士有想过这些品种之间的不同么?
So have dog enthusiasts somehow been imagining all of these differences among breed groups?
或许…心理研究表明一旦我们开始以某一特定的方式看待问题
Maybe…psychology research suggests that once we begin to see something in a particular
我们就会自然追寻证据证明这个想法 忽略能够暗中颠覆它的
way, we naturally seek out evidence that strengthens that image, and ignore evidence that undermines
证据
it.
但是事实是你不能被表象蒙住双眼(将you can’t judge a book by its cover的book巧妙地换为bark)
But the truth is that you can’t judge a bark by its cover.
嘿 这是凯特-这是我的可爱的小淘气 沃森
Hey, it’s Kate – and this is my adorable rascal, Watson.
希望你喜欢这个视频-我们制作它的过程中获得了很多乐趣
Hopefully, you enjoyed watching this video – we had a ton of fun making it.
快来在我们的评论区评论吧 我们可以讨论饲养群 以及确认哪些是偏见
Come join us in the comments section, where we can chat about breed groups, and confirmation
你还可以分享你的狗狗!
bias, and you can share your dogs with us!
还有 如果你喜欢我们的视频 可以考虑加入我们的Patreon社区 Patreon.com/MinuteEarth.
Also, if you like what we do, please consider joining our Patreon community at Patreon.com/MinuteEarth.
Patrons帮助我们制作关于我们称之为家的 奇异的美好的星球的视频
Our patrons help us continue making videos about the weird and wonderful planet we call
加入之后他们也会提供很棒的独家补贴
home – and they get access to some pretty cool exclusive perks along the way.
如果你不能加入我们 不用担心 – 只要你订阅一分钟地球网
If you can’t support us, no worries – just make sure you subscribe to MinuteEarth to
你就能看到所有我们所有最新的视频
get access to all our latest videos.
谢谢你们 希望下次再见
Thanks, and we’ll see you next time.

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