Hi, this is Kate from MinuteEarth.
Ever since rich British folks invented dog shows as a spectator sport in the late 1800s,
people have been parading pooches around with the goal of taking the top spot in their dogs’
so-called “breed group.”
These breed groups are based on the historical jobs dogs were bred to do, with game-retrievers
擅长游戏的狗狗 比如拉布拉多犬和西班牙猎犬 属于运动犬 擅长看家的比如 杜兵犬和大训犬 属于工作犬
like labs and spaniels in the sporting group, guard dogs like dobermans and mastiffs in
柯利牧羊犬和牧羊犬 嗯 属于放牧犬
the working group, and herding dogs like collies and sheepdogs in, well, the herding group.
And although most dogs today are just butt-sniffing layabouts, their breed group still influences
how we think about them.
Which is why dog breed organizations describe dogs in the sporting group as attentive, dogs
in the herding group as smart, and dogs in the working group as courageous – but perhaps
unsuited for families with young kids.
然而 二十年的犬类研究揭示 尽管同一品种的狗狗有某些共同的技能
However, two decades of canine research have revealed that while dogs in a given breed
group often share certain skills, they really don’t have that much else in common.
In one study in Sweden, researchers ran more than 13,000 dogs of 31 different breeds through
狗狗对声响 意外 和人类随机拥抱的反应行为测试
a course full of sounds, surprises, and random humans attempting to snuggle.
他们发现不同品种的狗狗 活泼程度 好奇心 社交能力和敌对情绪
They found that levels of playfulness, curiosity, sociability, and aggression did not differ
among breed groups.
更奇怪的是 实验证明 金毛比起其他运动犬 和罗纳维尔犬更相像
Even weirder, it turned out that golden retrievers are more similar to Rottweilers than they
are to their fellow sporting dogs, and Boxers are more like Labs than they are like other
事实上 大部分的狗狗和其他品种的狗狗行为更相似 而不是
In fact, most dogs act more like breeds outside their group than they act like other breeds
within their group.
除此之外 很多狗狗智力的研究已经表明 当涉及到一些技能
What’s more, dozens of canine intelligence studies have shown that, when it comes to
skills like solving mazes and following commands, all breed groups perform about the same, even
though some individual dogs are definitely smarter than others.
So have dog enthusiasts somehow been imagining all of these differences among breed groups?
Maybe…psychology research suggests that once we begin to see something in a particular
way, we naturally seek out evidence that strengthens that image, and ignore evidence that undermines
但是事实是你不能被表象蒙住双眼(将you can’t judge a book by its cover的book巧妙地换为bark)
But the truth is that you can’t judge a bark by its cover.
嘿 这是凯特-这是我的可爱的小淘气 沃森
Hey, it’s Kate – and this is my adorable rascal, Watson.
Hopefully, you enjoyed watching this video – we had a ton of fun making it.
快来在我们的评论区评论吧 我们可以讨论饲养群 以及确认哪些是偏见
Come join us in the comments section, where we can chat about breed groups, and confirmation
bias, and you can share your dogs with us!
还有 如果你喜欢我们的视频 可以考虑加入我们的Patreon社区 Patreon.com/MinuteEarth.
Also, if you like what we do, please consider joining our Patreon community at Patreon.com/MinuteEarth.
Our patrons help us continue making videos about the weird and wonderful planet we call
home – and they get access to some pretty cool exclusive perks along the way.
如果你不能加入我们 不用担心 – 只要你订阅一分钟地球网
If you can’t support us, no worries – just make sure you subscribe to MinuteEarth to
get access to all our latest videos.
Thanks, and we’ll see you next time.