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家猫演化史

How Cats Became our Feline Overlords (ft. It's Okay To Be Smart)

嗨 我是“聪明一点会很好”的Joe
Hi,I am Joe from It’s Ok To Be Smart
今天 我要和我在“一分钟地球”的朋友们
and today, I’m doing a special collaboration
制作一个合作特辑
with my friends from MinuteEarth.
如果你把全世界所有的家养猫连在一起
If you lined up the world population of domestic cats
这个由猫咪组成的康嘉舞队可以环绕地球大概六圈
that kitty conga-line would wrap nearly 6 times around the planet.
现如今 光是美国就有大概八千五百万只宠物猫
Meow-a-days there’s around 85 million pet cats in the U.S. alone.
猫怎么变成了性情乖戾的激光追逐者 键盘狂热者呢
How did cats become the grumpy, laser chasing keyboard enthusiasts we know today… and
人类在它们的演化过程中扮演了什么样的角色?
what role did humans play in their trans-fur-mation?
这都要从大约一千一百万年前的亚洲说起 那时的猫看起来是
It all started around 11 million years ago in Asia with a cat that looked something like
这样
this.
我们认为现代猫咪的祖先为了食物和交配会迁徙到很远的地方
We think this ancestor of modern cats traveled far and wide in search of food and mates – an
这是猫科动物的本能
instinct shared across the feline family.
一只美洲狮的巡逻领地就达1000平方公里
Single pumas have been known to patrol nearly 1000 square kilometers
相当于二十万个美式足球场的大小
that’s as big an area as 200,000 American football fields.
对漫游的渴求 驱使早期猫穿越大陆桥 进入了新世界
That urge to roam drove early cats over land bridges into new worlds, and species diverged,
同时它们也开始分化成大部分我们今天所熟识的品种
many of which we’d recognize today.
其中有些体型较小的猫经历了巨变 比如气候变化
It was the smaller wildcats – at least the ones that survived big upheavals, like a changing
或者在某一讨厌的灵长类动物的袭击下存活下来
climate and the onslaught of a certain pesky primate – that eventually became our first
最终成为了我们人类最早的猫科朋友
feline friends.
当我们人类不再依靠打猎和采集 而是开始定居并堆积食物
As we moved away from hunter-gatherer ways and put down roots, food piled up, and this
这使得其他的动物 比如啮齿动物 出现在人们的眼前
brought other animals – like rodents – to the table, and cats came strollin’ in after
而猫咪们也随着它们而来
them.
别被这些可爱的大眼睛所欺骗 猫科动物都是谋杀机器
Don’t let those big eyes fool you, felines are murder machines – they’re more successful
它们几乎比其他所有的捕食者都要成功
hunters than almost any other predator!
并且它们的猎食本能给我们的祖先提供了很大的帮助
And those hunting instincts would have been a big help to our ancestors.
猫咪们只吃老鼠而不吃人类的孩子 所以应该把它们留住
Cats that ate rodents – but didn’t eat children – got to stick around.
人们开始依恋猫咪们
People began getting attached to cats.
事实上 在塞浦路斯一处有9500年历史的墓穴里 一个孩子和一只猫被葬在了一起
In fact, a child and cat were buried together in a 9,500-year-old grave in Cyprus.
尽管猫咪们并不是很依赖人类
Cats weren’t quite getting attached to humans, though.
它们保存着对漫游的渴望以及杀手本能
They retained their urge to roam, and their killer instinct, and still pretty much looked
而且看上去仍然很像它们的野生表亲
like their wild cousins.
但它们正在改变着
But they were changing.
家猫比野猫更容易消化植物类的食物
House cats can digest plant matter better than wildcats, helping them make meals of
这有利于它们食用人类的残羹剩饭
human scraps.
除此以外 近期的基因改变影响了猫对于恐惧的反应
What’s more, recent changes in genes influencing how cats respond to fear make domestic kitties
这使得家猫比野猫更加的友善 尽管我们还是不能正确地驯养它们
friendlier than wildcats – even if we still can’t exactly train them.
古埃及人把猫当做女神的化身来崇拜
The ancient Egyptians worshipped cats as incarnations of a goddess,
如今很多人都在古埃及石碑上找到了类似的象形文字
and many of us take a hieroglyph from their tablet today.
猫咪可能已经学会了如何吸引我们的注意
Cats may have even learned to demand our attention.
在野外 所有的幼年猫科动物都会对着母亲喵喵叫
In the wild, all kittens meow to mom.
不过一旦它们的母亲停止聆听 它们就会换另外的声音
But once she stops listening, they move on to other sounds.
但家猫从来不会离开它们敬爱的“母亲” 所以小猫们继续保持它们的叫声
But house cats never leave their adoring “mothers,” so the kitten call continues.
所以残忍的猫科动物是怎样变成全球数百万人最完美的宠物的呢?
So how did ferocious felines become purr-fect pets for millions of us around the world?
这一切都始于老鼠吃祖先们存放在小屋中的谷物
It all started with the cat, who ate the rat, who ate the grain, that lay in the hut that
而猫帮助人类吃这些老鼠
our ancestors built.
嗨 这里是Kate
Hey, it’s Kate!
感谢Joe接手了我们的频道并制作了这个极好的视频
Thanks to Joe for taking over our channel for this pawsome video – and let us know how
而且让我们知道了有多少网红猫我们可以在这里认出来
many famous internet cats you recognized in it.
而如果你想了解关于狗狗的信息 请跟随我来到Joe的频道 聪明一点会很好
If you dig dogs instead, follow me over to Joe’s channel It’s Okay To Be Smart, where
在那里你能发现狗狗的有趣故事
we help him sniff out the story of humans’ REAL best friend.
观看视频时记得点击订阅哦!
Make sure to subscribe while you’re there!

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视频概述

家猫是如何从野猫变成今天这样可爱宠物的呢?请看视频吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

WDM~^ω^~MDW

审核员

ccz

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWB0-tGwb_E

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