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资本主义如何劫持我们的情绪 – 我们如何可以回收我们的生命 | Andre C Willis – 译学馆
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资本主义如何劫持我们的情绪 - 我们如何可以回收我们的生命 | Andre C Willis

How Capitalism Hijacked Our Emotions to Sell Stuff—and How We Can Reclaim Our Lives | Andre C Willis

当我们思考深切的希望这个词时
When we think about deep hope,
第一时间想到的 不是那些浅显的
what one thinks about first is avoiding the superficial hopes
诸如“希望我的达美乐披萨能及时送到”的愿望
like I hope that my Domino’s pizza will arrive on time
甚至也不是“希望事业成功”
or even the ambitious hopes,
这一类雄心勃勃的愿望
“I hope that my career is successful.”
这类愿望意味着一种将来可实现的欲望
These things are portend to a future realizable desire.
人们认为那种欲望很可能实现
And they situate that desire as probable.
然而 当我们思考深切的希望时
When we think about deep hope
我们所想的 往往是那些和渴求
we’re thinking about something that’s not linked to a desire,
未来 抱负 甚至可能性都无关的东西
to the future, to an ambition or to probability.
当面对现状的时候
We’re thinking about a relationship to the present
我们是在一种特定的学科范围里
in a particular kind of discipline
思考自身与现状的关系
as one faces the present.
因为当我们面对现状的时候 往往会发现
Because when one faces the present one realizes things like:
人生短暂
‘Life is short.
即使我很想活久一点 也不知道这会不会实现
Even though I’d like to live long I have no idea whether or not I will.
我的朋友们 宠物们
My friends, my animals
他们无论是对于生活本身 还是对于我
are all in very contingent relationships
都是一种偶然的关系
to life itself, and to me,
因为我们的生活变化多端
in that we walk not on concrete but in quicksand.’
因此当你面对生活本身的样子时
So when you face those real facts about what life is
你会问 “我是怎么和这些事物有关的”
and you say, “How do I relate to these facts?”
而从我的研究里得到的回答是
The answer, I think, that comes out of the work I study,
人们怀着深切的希望面对事实
is that one faces these facts with a deep hope
那是种无关抱负 无关机率 无关未来的希望
that is not an aspiration, it’s not a probability, it’s not a future orientation.
它是一种活在当下的根基
It’s a grounded-ness in the present facts of existence.
不幸的是 我们的文化非常看重那些琐碎的愿望
Unfortunately, our culture has emphasized the trivial hopes
因为它们与市场和业绩有关
because those are hopes that link to markets and to achievements,
它们一直与市场有些关联 因为市场关乎增长
which are always sort of market-linked, because markets are about growth,
关乎野心 成就 以及扩张
they’re about ambition, they’re about accomplishment, they’re about expansion.
因此 我们的文化倾向于
So therefore, our culture really generates
琐碎而浅显的愿望 不是吗
a propensity to trivial and superficial hopes, right?
它对抗希望却又制造出希望 有点像
It counters and has made a deep hope, kind of—
当说到深切的希望时 我们就非常饥饿
we’re famished when it comes to deep hope.
有点类似厌食症
There’s a sort of anorexia when it comes to deep hope.
而作为市场的消费者和参与者
We’ve massaged and accentuated in this idea
我们被深深地揉进了
of ourselves as consumers as participants in the market
崇尚即时满足和快速实现渴望
that venerates instant gratification
的这种观念里
and the satisfaction of our desires in immediate kinds of ways.
想要回到我所研究的传统的深切希望
To generate the deep hope, the kind of hope that I think comes out of the traditions I study,
人们得降低生活节奏 面对一系列不同的事实
one has to really slow down and face a different set of facts.
那些事实与生活经验的基本原则有关
And those facts are about the fundamentals of the experience of life.
就是说 生活是一场悲剧
That is to say, life is tragic.
人们不能完全信守承诺
One’s promises will never be completely fulfilled
美梦最终不能成真
and one’s desires can never ultimately be met.
那就是生活的本来面目
That is just what life is.
所以在强调即时满足及过度刺激的文化中
So how do we cultivate a deep hope in the face of a culture
我们该怎样培养深切的希望呢
which wants to accentuate instant gratification and overstimulation?
我的建议是 我们应后退几步
Well I say it requires us to take some steps back.
与市场文化保持距离
To step out of the market culture.
远离关乎成就 业绩 扩张及增长的
To step away from the interests of global capital
全球资金利益
which are about accomplishment achievement expansion and growth
将重心放于感受平静
and to do more work around a sense of quietude,
放于自己的内心世界
do more interior work,
放于团结和睦的社区活动
and do more work in communities that affirm togetherness,
放于能在市场之外持续下去的集体意识
in a collective sense of what can go on outside of markets.
像彬彬有礼 怜悯他人这样的东西
So things like gentleness and compassion.
有些工作非常了不起
There’s marvelous work that’s being done
如 在学校里 社区中心
in schools and community centers
艺术作坊 艺术家工作坊
in art workshop, artist workshops,
在那些地方 人们聚在一起工作
where people come together and engage in.
他们不谈论希望
They don’t talk about hope,
他们只是安静地面对生活
they just sort of quietly face the present
感受当下
with a sense of being there.
深切的希望来自于丰富的参与
Deep hope comes from a rich engagement
参与那些扎根于生活的差事
in those kinds of rooted tasks,
那种我们从社区活动获得的根基性
that kind of groundedness that we get from community
以及集体活动 还有那些
and collectives and relationships
无关于市场价值
that have little to do with market values
更多是根本的连通性的人际关系
but are more about a more organic connectedness
以及彼此之间生活真相的基本联系
and fundamental linkages with the true facts of life and one another.

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视频概述

Andre C Willis认为生活中有两种希望,一种是对生活琐事能立刻满足的欲望,它已被资本市场之手控制;一种是直面生活的“deep hope”。如何才能直面生活,逃离资本之手?一起来了解他的看法吧!

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z0oHyuaZV-8

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