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我们如何消灭所有蚊子? – 译学馆
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我们如何消灭所有蚊子?

How Can We Wipe Out ALL Of The Mosquitoes?

Hey there
嘿 大家好 !
and welcome to Life Noggin.
欢迎来到《品生活》
Wait, that wasn’t my voice?
等等 这不是我的声音?
Who was that?
那是谁的?
I don’t know about you,
我不认识你
but mosquitoes are the bane of my digital existence.
但蚊子是我数字化生活的祸根
No matter how much bug spray I lather all over me,
无论我全身喷了多少防蚊剂
I always come back from a night in the woods
只要在森林待一夜回来
looking worse than Grandma Blocko’s favorite pincushion.
我看起来比奶奶最爱的针垫更糟
Aww, c’mon Grandma.
嗷 拜托 奶奶
Not again! Ow! Ow!
别这样!嗷!嗷!
All morality and environmental-impact questions aside,
撇开一切的道德和环境影响
how could we kill off all of the mosquitoes?
我们怎么才能消灭所有蚊子呢?
The first thought is probably pesticides.
首先想到的可能是杀虫剂
While various pesticides have had a decent amount of success
虽然各种的杀虫剂
in controlling mosquito populations in the past,
过去在灭蚊方面大获成效
the problem here is that pesticides can be dangerous for people too.
但问题是杀虫剂也可能对人类有危害
Basically, to provide a bit of an oversimplification,
大体上 简而言之来说就是
the more effective a pesticide is and the
杀虫剂越有效
more of it you use, the more you put people at risk.
你使用的越多 人类健康面临的风险越高
Pesticides are still used around the globe today
今天 全球仍在使用杀虫剂
levels that have been deemed safe by local governments,
但控制在当地政府认证为安全的水平
but to use enough pesticides to kill off all of the mosquitoes
但是 用足量的杀虫剂灭掉所有蚊子
just wouldn’t be a safe bet.
却不是个安全的方法
Hmm. Okay,
嗯嗯 好吧
well then maybe we could go a more natural route
嗯 也许我们可以用更自然的方法
and get a bunch of animals together that eat mosquitoes,
聚集一群吃蚊子的动物
like bats, to wipe them out.
比如能消灭蚊子的蝙蝠
I mean, one study back in the day said that
我说的是 当时一项研究表明
a single bat could catch up to 10 mosquitoes in a minute.
1只蝙蝠1分钟就可以捉到10只蚊子
Extrapolate that out and a group of 1,000 bats
由此推断1000只蝙蝠
could catch a million mosquitoes in under 2 hours.
可以在2小时内可以捉到100万只蚊子
Now that’s a battle of the bloodsuckers!
这就是吸血动物之战!
Sounds like it would work, right?
听起来有用 对吧?
Well, while that does sound like an awesome movie,
虽然这听起来像一部精彩的电影
reality would likely be far more disappointing.
但现实却可能更令人大失所望
Even though you can pull some impressive numbers from that study,
就算你能为这个实验找到大量的样本
that was with hungry bats essentially locked up in a room with only mosquitoes to feed on.
那可是把饥饿的蝙蝠锁在一间只有蚊子的房间
In the wild,
在野外
while bats do sometimes feed on mosquitoes,
虽然蝙蝠有时以蚊子为食
they tend to prefer munching on other things
但是它们更习惯吃别的东西
like moths or even spiders.
如蛾子 甚至蜘蛛
So that idea is probably out.
所以这个主意可能行不通
Now you might be thinking,
现在 你可能在想
well Blocko, what if we just got a bunch of big bug zappers
Blocko 如果我们用一些大型灭虫器
to kill all of the mosquitoes?
消灭所有蚊子 怎么样?
Again, not such a great idea, sorry!
又不见得是个好主意 抱歉!
That’s because bug zappers aren’t really that amazing at killing mosquitoes,
因为灭虫器并不能真正完全杀掉蚊子
but they do end up killing a bunch of beneficial insects
它们却会杀掉一些益虫
and that aren’t seen as pests.
那些并不是害虫
Well there goes my idea for a new tower defense game.
这让我想到的是新塔防御游戏
So, if all that stuff is out, then what will work?
如果这些都不行 那么什么才有用呢?
Some research that’s gained traction recently involves genetically modifying mosquitoes
最近一些基因改造蚊子的研究颇有成效
so that they wouldn’t be able to properly reproduce
改造后它们就无法正常繁殖
or that they would effectively kill any other mosquitoes that they mated with.
或它们会杀掉与其交配的其它蚊子
Yeah.
是的
That’s brutal.
那很残忍
Beyond that,
此外
a new study that came out just this year may have the answer.
今年刚出炉的一项新研究可能给出了答案
Starting back in 2016,
回溯2016年
scientists were able to nearly eliminate disease-carrying Asian
科学家在中国的两个小岛上几乎消除了
tiger mosquitoes on two small islands in China.
携带疾病的亚洲虎纹
The researcher’s battle plan?
这是研究者的作战计划吗?
Infect the mosquitoes with a virus-fighting bacterium
用抗病毒菌感染蚊子
and then zap them with a small dose of radiation to help sterilize them.
然后用小剂量的辐射使其不育
This caused the number of female mosquitoes responsible for spreading disease
这导致传播疾病的罪魁祸首——雌蚊
to drastically plummet,
数量大为减少
with some periods of time
甚至有一段时期
showing no signs of disease-carrying mosquitoes at all.
完全没有发现携带疾病的蚊子
Promising results for sure,
虽然很有前景
but these methods probably aren’t very practical for larger areas.
但这些方法在大区域可能不太实际
Researchers had to release up to 4 million mosquitoes /each week
研究者必须每周放出4百万只蚊子
to achieve these results,
来达到实验效果
not even factoring in all of the cost.
这甚至还未考虑到所有的费用
But hey, at least this might be a decent tactic
但相对于一定的小范围来说
for certain smaller applications.
至少这可能是个可行性策略
Now animator,
现在 动画师
can you please get rid of these digital mosquitoes.
你能去掉这些数字蚊子吗?
Some of them there bites are causes pop up pimples!
一些蚊子叮了会导致红疹!
So do you have any ideas of
你有什么主意
how we should kill off all the mosquitoes?
能让我们消灭所有的蚊子吗?
How attractive to mosquitoes are you?
你有多招蚊子?
Let me know in the comment section below,
请在下方评论区告诉我
or tell me, what should I talk about next?
或告诉我 下次该讲些什么?
Did you know that there are tiny creatures hiding in your water?
你知道水里隐藏着微小生物吗?
You should probably check out this video!
你可能应该看看这个视频!
Yeah, there are millions upon millions of tiny little communities
是的 你可能还不知道里面有
that you probably have even thought about!
数百万的微小群落!
While not all microbes are harmful,
虽然不是所有微生物都是有害的
there are definitely some to watch out for that
但确实有一些需要注意
cause foodborne illnesses, and infectious diseases.
它们会导致食源性疾病和传染性疾病
As always, my name is Blocko,
一如既往 我是Blocko
this has been Life Noggin,
这里是《品生活》
don’t forget to keep on thinking!
记得保持思考哦!

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视频概述

本视频分析了用杀虫剂,杀虫器,引入蝙蝠,基因改造等消灭所有蚊子是不可行的。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

徘徊的小孩

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z08lS4Oppmk

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