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盲文是如何发明的 | 视觉瞬间#9

How Braille was invented | Moments of Vision 9 - Jessica Oreck

点亮世界
Light up the world
灵光一现……
In a Moment of Vision…
十九世纪初期
Early 1800s.
在拿破仑战争期间
It’s the middle of the Napoleonic Wars in the middle of Europe,
欧洲中部某处的一个午夜
and it’s the middle of the night.
拿破仑部队中有一位名叫查尔斯·巴比埃的上尉
One Captain Charles Barbier of Napoleon’s army
正试图给他的部队传递消息
is trying to relay a message to one of his troops.
如果把信息写下来再传递过去
But sending written communications to the front lines
也许会将身在前线的收信人置于死地
can be deadly for the recipient.
读信时燃起的蜡烛会暴露他们的藏身之地
Lighting a candle to read the missive can give away their positions to the enemy.
就在这时 巴比埃灵光一现
In a moment of vision,
他用匕首在纸上扎出许多小洞
Barbier pokes a series of holes into a sheet of a paper with his blade,
这样 即使身处无边黑暗
creating a coded message that can be deciphered by fingertip,
也能用手指解读这封密信
even in the pitch black.
军队从未正面认可过巴比埃自创的“夜书写”技法
The merits of his so-called night writing are never acknowledged by the military,
但在1821年 巴比埃联系上了巴黎的皇家盲人青年研究所
but in 1821, Barbier approaches the Royal Institute for Blind Youth in Paris
希望那里的研究人员能够尝试
in the hopes that they might find a use
将他创造的全新的沟通方式投入使用
for his innovative, new communication method.
一位名叫路易·布莱尔的早熟少年达成了巴比埃的心愿
There, a precocious teen by the name of Louis Braille does just that.
接下来的几年中 路易都在改进巴比埃的设想
Louis spends the next several years improving on Barbier’s idea,
他创造了基于标准六点方格的字母表
creating an organized alphabet fitting into a six dot standardized cell.
这一系统开始逐渐流行
The system catches on.
如今 布莱尔盲文系统是最广为接受的盲文书写系统
Today, Braille is the universally accepted system of writing for the blind,
适用于超过130种不同的语言
adapted for more than 130 languages.

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视频概述

“布莱尔”盲文系统是现今最广为流传与接受的盲文书写系统,但谁是第一个提出这个想法的人呢?书写盲文又是为什么被发明出来的?90秒带你精通“布莱尔”盲文的前世(没有今生)!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cyfxQ6sdaIE

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