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比尔·盖茨的阅读方法

How Bill Gates remembers what he reads

If you read enough,
如果你读的书足够多
there’s a similarity between things that make it easy,
你会发现事物之间的关联 使我们更好地掌握它们
because this thing is like this other thing.
因为事物之间都是相通的
比尔盖茨是如何记住他所读过的内容的
If you have a broad framework,
如果你有一个很广阔的知识框架
then you have a place to put everything.
你就能把所读的内容统统放入其中
If you want to learn science,
如果你想学习科学
reading the history of scientists and the story of scientists
那就去了解一些科学家的过往
about when they were confused and what tools
当他们遇到不解事物时
or insights allowed them to make the progress they make.
如何运用工具和洞察力来解决问题
So you have the timeline, or you have the map,
这样就可以画出知识时间轴或者知识导图
or you have the branches of science and what’s known and what’s not known. So,
亦或是科学领域中各个已知的和未知的分支
incremental knowledge is so
所以一点一点地累计你的知识水平
much easier to maintain in a rich way than,
比你维持自己丰富的知识水平容易的多
you know, the first time somebody is telling you about Rome.
当第一次有人向你谈起罗马时
Why am I reading about Rome, I’m reading about Queen Victoria.
我想 我为什么要读关于罗马的书 我读的是有关于维多利亚女王的
At first it is very daunting.
当你开始阅读时一开始让你有点想放弃
But then as you get the kind of scope,
但当你的阅读进入到某个程度后
then all these pieces fit in.
你看过的内容就都懂了
So it’s fun to say, okay,
所以这说起来很有意思
this is where this belongs and does this contradict something I knew before?
这个问题起源是这样的 这和我以前的知识冲突吗?
And I‘d better look that up, I’d better figure it out.
我最好再去查阅下资料 搞清楚
You know, it really bothers you when you read things,
在阅读中 这一点真的很让人烦恼
and there’s some inconsistency.
那就是你会发现书上写的和你以前的认识并不一致
If you take a chessboard and randomly place
如果你随意地在棋盘上摆放棋子
the pieces and ask a chess person to memorize it,
然后让下棋的人去记住这盘棋
they can’t do it,
他们记不住
because everything about chess positions is about the logic of how things developed.
因为任何时刻棋子所在的位置
与整盘棋整件事发展的逻辑息息相关
So if you show them a position that’s illogical or incorrect,
如果只是展示棋子的位置
这样没有逻辑 位置也不对
you would never get to,
你肯定记不住
their encoding system isn’t set up to absorb that.
他们的知识系统没法处理这种问题

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视频概述

比尔盖茨的阅读方法

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收集自网络

翻译译者

L£o

审核员

审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xwh88cI_d8

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