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葡萄干是怎么做出来的? – 译学馆
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葡萄干是怎么做出来的?

How Are Raisins Made?

〔儿童科学秀〕
Scishow Kids
我能吃一颗吗?
[Squeaks squeaks]
噢!当然 你可以吃一颗葡萄干 鼠鼠!
Ohh! Sure you can have a raisin, Squeaks!
你知道吗 这些原来都是葡萄 多么不可思议!
You know, it’s so weird that these usedto be grapes!
这真的很不可思议 对吗?
It’s weird, right?
它们是葡萄干 并不是葡萄!
They’re raisins, not grapes!
但尽管它们看上去很不一样 葡萄干起初确实是葡萄
But even though they look pretty different, raisins actually start out as grapes.
当它们变干后就是葡萄干了
They become raisins when they’re dried out.
葡萄很大并且多汁是因为里面有很多水分
Grapes are big and juicy because they have lots of water in them.
但是当你把它们晒干的时候
But when you dry them out,
它们就失去了水分然后缩成了葡萄干
they lose their water and shrink up into raisins.
我喜欢葡萄干 因为它们是一种甜口零食
I like raisins because they’re a sweet snack.
而且它们对你的身体也有好处
and they’re good for you too.
它们富含纤维素 钾元素和铁元素
They have lots of fiber, potassium, and iron,
这些东西都能使你健康又强壮
and all of those things keep you healthy and strong!
并且它们的制作方法也是相当的酷
And the way they’re made is pretty cool too.
葡萄干主要有两种
There are two main types of raisins.
我正在吃的这些紫色的被叫做自然葡萄干
These purple ones I’m eating are known as natural raisins
因为它们是在太阳下自然晒干的
because they’re dried naturally in the sun,
意味着没有添加任何其他成分来帮助它晒干
meaning without anything else added to help it along.
人们会将葡萄铺在大张的纸上 放置在阳光下
People who make raisins put grapes on big sheets of paper out in the sun.
它们会在太阳下晒上大概三周
They stay there for about three weeks.
然后在那三周之后 它们就是葡萄干了
And after those three weeks, they’re raisins!
另一种是黄葡萄干
The other type are golden raisins.
一些人觉得紫葡萄干和黄葡萄干颜色不同是因为
Some people think that purple raisins and golden raisins are different colors because
它们是由不同颜色的葡萄制作的
they’re made from different color grapes.
但是事实并不是那样
But that’s actually not the case!
它们都是同种葡萄做成的:无籽的绿葡萄
They’re both made from the same type of grape: green grapes without any seeds.
有不同的颜色是因为晒干它们的方式不同
The different colors come from the way wedry them.
当你把绿葡萄在太阳下自然晒干时 它们就变成紫色了
When you dry the green grapes naturally in the sun, they turn purple.
而黄葡萄是用另一种方式晒干的
But golden raisins are dried in a different way,
使用了一种叫脱水器的机器
using something called a dehydrator.
脱水器是将食物中的氢氧化物移除的一种机器
A dehydrator is something that remove the hydration from food
换句话说就是 它把水分脱出来了
which is another way of saying saying that it takes out the water.
不到一天 葡萄就在脱水器里就变成了黄葡萄干
Grapes take just a little under a day in thedehydrator to turn into golden raisins
相比在太阳下晒上三周 时间已大大缩短了
which is much shorter than the three weeks they take to dry in the sun. But,
但是 在葡萄进入脱水器变成黄葡萄干之前
before the grapes go into the dehydrator to become golden raisins,
其实还有另一个步骤
there’s actually one other step.
葡萄还需要被一种叫二氧化硫的物质处理
The grapes are treated with something called sulfur dioxide,
它能让葡萄干变成金黄色
and it helps keep the raisins that golden color.
二氧化硫是一种气体 就和空气一样
Sulfur dioxide is a gas, just like air,
但是和空气又不是完全相同
but it’s not the same as air.
它可以防止食物随着时间流逝变质或变坏
It’s good for keeping things from changingtoo much or going bad over time,
我们还可以用它来制作其他果干
and we use it to make a lot of other dried fruit, too,
比如杏干和菠萝干
like dried apricots and dried pineapple.
黄葡萄干比天然葡萄干尝起来更绵口
Golden raisins tend to be a bit juicier thannatural raisins,
二氧化硫和它的特殊的干燥过程 都让它更绵软
and sulfur dioxide plus that special drying process, both help with that.
还有另一个重要的事情需要了解
There’s another important thing to know
关于紫葡萄干和黄葡萄干的不同:
about the difference between purple and golden grapes:
有人可能对黄葡萄干过敏!
some people can be allergic to thegolden kind!
那是因为被用来干燥黄葡萄干的二氧化硫
That’s because of that sulfur dioxide used to dry golden grapes,
有人会对它过敏
which some people are allergic to.
过敏会让你生病或者身体出现皮疹
An allergy is when you get sick or your body
或者吃完食物或碰到其他的东西后感到喉咙痒
gets a rash or an itchy throat from a food or something else,
比如某些动物或树
like certain animals or trees.
所以 如果有人对二氧化硫过敏
So if someone is allergic to sulfur dioxide, that
那就意味着他们不能吃黄葡萄干
means they can’t eat golden grapes even though
即使 他们可能可以吃紫葡萄干
they might be able to eat the purple ones.
你知道 葡萄不是唯一的和晒干后
You know, grapes aren’t the only
看起来如此不同的水果
fruits that look so different and even have a
它们甚至有一个不同的名字
different name when you dry them!
你听说过西梅吗?
Have you ever heard of a prune?
你也可以叫西梅 干梅子!
You could also call prunes dried plums!
就像你把葡萄晒干后 它变成葡萄干一样
Just like how grapes are made into raisins when you dry them,
梅子被转变成西梅
plums are transformed into prunes.
并且像黄葡萄干一样 西梅也是通过把梅子放进脱水器制作的
And like golden raisins, prunes are made by putting plums into a dehydrator.
它们给我一个想法!
That gives me an idea!
你喜欢小松饼吗 鼠鼠?
Do you like muffins, Squeaks?
〔吱吱〕
[Squeaks squeaks]
我们可以制作自然葡萄干松饼 黄葡萄干松饼
We can make natural raisin muffins, golden raisin muffins,
还有西梅松饼!
and even prune muffins!
这难道听起来不惊奇吗?
Doesn’t that sound amazing?
我们甚至能加一些南瓜派香辛料 比如肉桂和姜
We could even add some pumpkin spice, likecinnamon and ginger.
它们会使松饼更美味而且更有营养
They’ll be extra-delicious and extra-nutritious.
让我们制作吧!
Let’s do it!
感谢你们的观看!
Thanks for joining us!
如果你想了解更多我们的超级酷又美味的世界
If you want to keep learning more about oursuper-cool and super-yummy world,
点击订阅按钮
hit the subscribe button,
不要忘了在YouTube Kids软件上关注我们
and don’t forget to check us out on the YouTube Kids app.
感谢收看 下期我们城堡再会!
Thanks and we’ll see you next time, hereat the Fort!
〔音乐播放中〕

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视频概述

葡萄干主要有两种类型:一种是在太阳下直接晒干的天然葡萄干;另一种是通过脱水器和二氧化硫处理的黄葡萄干。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QO0xws60qyw

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