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藻类燃料

How Algae Could Change The Fossil Fuel Industry

这些是干的海藻,我们晒干后
So this is the dried algae product, after we dry it
会把它磨成粉末 然后从中提取藻类油
We grind it up into the powder and then we extract the oil out of it
藻类油之后可以精炼成柴油和机油
That oil is then refined into diesel fuel or jet fuel
(背景音乐)
Background music
我们生产的藻类油
The fuel that we are producing is exactly the same
在功效上和汽油、柴油以及机油是一样的
terms of performance as gasoline and or diesel or jet
只是清洁了很多 最大的不同在于
just a lot cleaner. Anything is a bigger difference is that
人类生产的其它生态燃料 只能获得燃料
all the others bio-fuels you’re growing, you are just getting bio-fuels
然而藻类生态燃料 除了油
and in this case every algae bio-fuel you get
还可以获得十磅的食物
ten pounds of food with it
David Hazelback是一家全球藻类创新公司的首席执行官和创建人
David Hazelback is the CEO and the founder of a global algae innovations
这家公司总部在圣地亚哥 在夏威夷农场养殖藻类
a Sandiago based company growing algae on a farming Hawaii
他认为 这项工业可以改变食品和油类生产的现状
which he thinks could change the landscape of food and oil production
(背景音乐)
Background voice
研究显示 藻类用来替代
The study is a show where the algel grows to replace
那很大一份可以用于喂养动物的植物 还可以实实在在地解决全球变暖
a large percentages of animal feed you can actually solve the global warming
这一现象蔓延到很多地方
to a large extends some place by doing that
第二个主要原因就是 与此同时
Second thing is the leading cause of global water in parallel
全球水资源在农业中流失
is running off the agriculture
藻类养殖不会有水资源流失
when we grow algae, there is no run off
所有的新发展趋势都在藻类上体现
All the new trends are captured in the algae.
森林砍伐是个环境问题
Environmently it’s the deforestation
食品生产是砍伐森林的主要原因
The leading cause of deforestation is for food production
而藻类养殖可以比其他植物种植高出每亩40倍以上的产出
with algae producing 40 times more per acre
也就是说 要是养殖一千亩藻类
that means if we plant a thousand acres of algae
相当于40000亩的粮食作物 不需要去种
That’s 40000 acres of crops that don’t need to be planted
我们现在做的工作极其重要
But the work here we are going on is extremely important
这个世界极度需要藻类生物燃料
the world desperately needs algae bio-fuels
藻类蛋白生产将对经济产生很大影响
and algae protein production is gonna be a big impact economically
对改善贫穷也有很大作用
it’s gonna have a big impact on reducing poverty
提高圣地亚哥的生活水平 创造一些就业机会
improving Sandiago’s living and a little create of jobs
增加农村地区的税收
a revenue in rural areas
这就是为什么我决定开创这家公司
That is why I decided to start this company
让它早日开始
so that it could happan quickly
因为实现这个愿望还是不实现 太重要了
beacuse it’s too important for the will or not to happen
(背景音乐)
Background music
我们现在站的地方
So we are standing right now
是我们藻类养殖道之一
in one of our algae raceways, this is about
这是一段两公里长的养殖道 但是这段养殖道可以更长
a 2 acres raceway,but this raceway can be scaled much larger
我们计划做出一根独立的200公里的养殖道
We’ll look to make an individual raceway up to 200 acres
通向一家发电厂 这是很必要的
And this is next to a power plant which you need because
因为这样有利于我们获得二氧化碳 避免它流失
that allows us to capture the carbon dioxide and avoid that discharge
重复使用可以阻止二氧化碳流向大气
and reuse it in that prevents from going the atmosphere
造成全球变暖(背景音乐)
and causing global warming (background music)
要是每家发电厂旁边都有一家藻类农场
If every power plant had an algae farm next to it
就可以完全解决潜在的全球变暖问题
It could potentially solve the global warming issue entirely
简单地说 藻类养殖非常容易
In simple terms, algae is very easy to glow
它可以在任何地方繁荣生长
and it is able to flourish just about anywhere
不管是淡水 海水还是黑黢黢的水
whether it will be fresh water, sea water or blackish water
它真正需要的是足够多的二氧化碳
what it really needs is a good supply of carbon dioxide
和充足的阳光
and a plenty of sunshine.
这就是为什么把全球藻类创新基地放在夏威夷
And while the location of global algae innovations in Hawaii
Hazelback的团队遇到过各种各样的问题
make sense. Hazelback’s team has come across some obstacles
还是尽全力加快生产进度
trying to scale the processes up
我们可以看到这些藻类带来的极大利益
You can see with all these tremendous benefits
就好像 当你思考 为什么我们现在要做这些事?
you know, it is when you, why are we doing it now?
怎么还没完成? 问题就是 推动整个过程 成本太高了
Why hasn’t been done? The problem is the costs are too high
它真的需要成百上千的创新
to thrill entire processes, so it really inquires hundreds of innovations
贯穿整个过程中 以便降低成本
throughout the entire processes in order to reduce the cost
因为这是大概超出十倍的成本
because it was about ten times too high
问题与大批量生产相关
The problem is sociated with large scale production
它已经让很多类似的公司退出了
has put similar companies out of business
但是全球藻类创新公司用的方法不同
But the approach of global algae innovations is different
相比其他公司只看到一排排的障碍
instead of seeing a row block Hazelback’s team
Hazelback的团队一直在探究解决方案
so the potential to innovate solutions
我们的方法不同 我们关注每一步
Our approach is different that we look at every single step
建立模型 关注成因和 其他方面
develop the models, look at the causes and the other things
我们从不放弃任何关键问题
We didn’t give up on any critical issue.
刚开始 提取一加仑油需要大概30美元的藻类
So a gallon of oil when we start it or it would be about 30 dollars’ algae
现在看看我们最近几年的成就
now look at the innovations we made of last few years
我们已经能够做到 2到3美元藻类提取一加仑油
We’d done, in a range of two to three dollars a gallon
这就是项目的成本
as a projective cost
我们现在还没达到大量生产所要求的那个点
Now we are not there yet from standing the point of production
但是这取决我们能多快掌握这项技能
But depending on how fast we get the skill
嗯…… 我们有望在接下来几年得出解决方案
em, we could potentially have solutions within the next few years
这是 这真是让人兴奋
and that’s, that’s really exciting
我们将改变全球生态政策
We will change the geopolitics of the world
很多战争发动的原因都是为了抢夺资源
a lot of reasons we have wars or because of the fights of resources
通过建立一条更独有的运输线
by creating a more equitable distribution
各国本应该只用自己的资源
which countries’ been ought to make their own
这样本可以营造一个更加稳定和平的社会
it should lead to a more stable and peaceful world
藻类生态燃料有望用在我们已有的设备上
Algae bio-fuel could potentially be used in an engine
我们不需要为此增加基础建设
that we already have, and we will be no additional infrastructure needed
因为我们可以作为你们本地的汽油站来用
as we will be available at your local gas station
(背景音乐)
Background music
随着技术的发展 我们计划惠及越来越多的人
As we develop technology, we plan the part of lots of people
藻类能源在其他地方可以用
so they have expended another area, we are not trying
我们不想就一家公司在做这个 就因为我们在
to be the only company doing this. Because we are in it.
鉴于这个影响 我说的是我们团队
Because of the impact, I was talking about our team.
我们正在做的将改变整个世界
what they are doing is gonna change the entire world
藻类蛋白和油类生产的概念
and the sense of both protein and the oil production
因为这两项资源都很紧缺
Because both are desperately needed
(背景音乐)
Background music
更多详情关于藻类转变成生态燃料
Tell more about science of algae being made into bio-fuel
请看D新闻关于藻类燃料这一集
check out this episode of D news
生态燃料这类能源来自于活生物
Bio-fuels like these are energy sources that come from living matter
他们不同于化工燃料 虽然这些也是来自于活生物
They stand apart from fossil fuel, which by the way also come from
因为现在的生态燃料
living matter. Because bio-fuels are made now
不是几百万年前留下来的
not over millions of years.
这花费了很长的时间来种植这一大片的庄稼
It takes a lot of time to grow a whole field of corn
但是得到大量的藻类确快了很多
But to go out a lot of algae it’s a lot of faster
这只是个计划
and it is just the plan
感谢收看探索者故事
Thanks for watching seeker stories
记得订阅每周的新视频
and be sure to subscribe for new videos every week
(背景音乐)
Background music

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