ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

80年代如何在录音室录音的 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

80年代如何在录音室录音的

How a recording-studio mishap shaped '80s music

每当听到我喜欢的歌曲 就会有种触动
This thing keeps happening every single time when I listen to my favorite songs
在过去的5年时光里
for last five years or so.
[Bleachers乐队-不要为钱所困]
[Bleachers – Don’t Take The Money]
这些鼓声又怪又熟悉 它们和音轨十分合拍
I hear this weird but familiar drum sound that just cuts right through the track.
[血橙-你并非那么好]
[Blood Orange – You Are Not Good Enough]
我超喜欢
I love it.
[洛德-卢浮宫]#麦克风贴近我的胸口#
[Lorde – The Louvre]#Megaphone to my chest#
再听一次
Here it is one more time.
[Haim-尽在此刻]
[Haim – Right Now]
80年代有力不羁的鼓点 如今回归了
That punchy, unnatural drum was the sound of the 80s and it’s back.
它就是门混响 同很多伟大的发明一样
It’s called gated reverb, and like many of the greatest inventions,
它的诞生也十分偶然
it was discovered by accident.
[欢迎收看耳虫音乐之声]
[Earworm – Vox Pop]
20世纪70年代 电台里的鼓声大多像这样
In the 1970s, drums on the radio sounded a lot like this.
[平克·弗洛伊德-回声]
[Pink Floyd – Echoes]
主持人:听起来有些单调对吗
Host: They’re quite dry aren’t they?
它们只是被收录起来
They’re just as recorded.
为获得分离的纯声
To achieve that isolated clean sound,
制作人和工程师把麦克风装在鼓周围 包括鼓内
producers and engineers mic’d the drums all over, including the inside.
平克·弗洛伊德 地与风与火 创世纪乐队都用这种纯声
This was the sound of bands like Pink Floyd, Earth Wind and Fire, and Genesis.
至少一直到1979年
At least up until 1979.
那时 彼得·盖伯尔正在录制他的第三张个人专辑
That’s when Peter Gabriel was recording his third solo album.
他们创世纪的鼓手菲尔·柯林斯
His Genesis bandmate, Phill Collins, was
在鼓上演奏了一个简单的节拍
on the drums playing a simple beat.
于是 奇迹出现了
And here’s where something magical happened.
据他们的工程师休·帕支汉说
So, according to their engineer Hugh Padgham,
他们用了一个带有新功能的录制器
they had a brand new recording console with some cool features,
录播室里挂着一个与乐队对话用的麦克风
that included a mic hanging in the studio to talk to the band.
这个麦克风意外录进菲尔的鼓拍
That mic accidentally picked up Phil’s drums and
结果产生了强有力的混响效果
the result was a thick punchy reverb.
随后又瞬间消失
that disappeared in an instant.
怎么回事
The reason?
麦克风有一个压缩效果器
The mic had a heavy compressor on it.
可以削弱重音并提升低音
Which reduces the volume of loud sounds and amplifies quiet ones,
有点类似于起伏的波浪
it’s sort of crunches a waveform.
控制台有一个噪声控制门
And the console had a noise gate
它只允许高于某个阈值的频率通过
which only let’s frequencies above a certain threshold pass through,
然后就会立即关闭
and then it immediately shuts off.
由此而来的疯狂声效
The result was such a crazy sound
让彼得·盖伯尔写出了「入侵者」专辑
that Peter Gabriel wrote his album opener, “Intruder”, around it.
[彼得·盖伯尔-入侵者]
[Peter Gabriel – Intruder]
现在 如果你还不知道「入侵者」
Now, if you don’t know “Intruder”,
你肯定听说过这个
you’ll certainly recognize this,
由菲尔·柯林斯和休·帕支汉在之后一年创作的
made by Phill Collins and Hugh Padgham a year later.
#你和我#
#you and me#
#我能感到它将从夜空而降#
#I can feel it coming in the air at night#
感谢一个快乐的意外
Thanks to a happy accident,
80年代的主打旋律诞生了
the sound of the 80s was born.
[菲尔·柯林斯-今夜星光灿烂]#我一生都在等待 这一刻#
[Phil Collins – In The Air Tonight]#I’ve been waiting for this moment for all my life.#
「今夜星光灿烂」的鼓声被记录在
The drums on “In the Air Tonight” were recorded
市政厅传说中的石屋之中
in Townhouse’s legendary Stone Room.
它的混响来自于工作室的墙壁反弹
Its reverb came from the walls of the studio.
听起来就像身处一座城堡之中
It was meant to sound like a castle.
但并不是所有想要优质混响的人都有这种空间
But not everyone who wanted good reverb had access to that type of space.
在80年代 随着数码技术的出现
In the ’80s, once the digital technology came to the fore
不光是我们的乐器声音开始发生变化
not only was the sound of our musical changing,
那些增强我们声音的设备也在与时俱进
but the things that augment our sounds were changing also.
没有什么比混响的演变更具有代表性了
Nothing illustrates this more than the evolution of reverb.
在早期 混响采用的是最自然的方式
So reverb was achieved in the early days the most natural way of all,
也就是一个回音室
which is to have an echo chamber.
你可以在房间的一个角落里
So you would do this chamber if you set up
放置一个扬声器
in one corner of the room a big loudspeaker,
在另一个角落放一个麦克风
and in the other corner of the room, you’d set up a microphone.
这就是艾比路工作室使用过的回音室
Here’s an echo chamber at Abbey Road Studios.
回音室需要占用整个房间
Echo chambers took up real estate and
由于地价过于昂贵 板式混响应运而生
real estate was expensive so plate reverb was invented.
在一个大盒子里面 装有一个铝板
There’d be a big box with an aluminum plate in it,
声音会从一边进去 沿着铝板传播
and the voice would go in one side, travel along the aluminum plate, and come out
然后另一边就产生了一些混响效果
the other side with a little bit of reverberation on it.
板式混响设备重约600磅
Plate reverb boxes were 600 pounds or more.
没有太大的便携性
Not great for portability.
直到AMS RMX16出现
Enter the AMS RMX16,
一个鞋盒大小的单元 内置线圈板路和算法
a shoebox sized unit that created reverb via circuit boards and algorithms.
在这个小盒子里面 模拟了蝶形回廊 地下车库 歌剧院等场景
Right there, in a box, we had plate reverbs and underground garages and big concert halls
以及大小不一的回音室和音乐俱乐部效果
and small and large echo chambers, and music clubs.
AMS于1982年首次亮相 它是第一个
The AMS which debuted in 1982 was the first reverb unit
由微处理器驱动的混响单元
to be driven by a microprocessor.
它有99个预设的空间
And it had room for 99 presets including a few
奇特的是只需按下按钮 就能切换门混响
that created that unnatural gated sound with a push of a button.
记忆犹深的是 我和普林斯在80年代的一次合作
I think a big example was the work that I did with Prince in the 80s.
他很喜欢那种门混响
He loved that gated reverb.
呃……没错 就是那个普林斯
Uh, yes, that Prince.
普林斯使用了一种Linn-LM1的鼓式机器
Prince used an Linn-LM1 drum machine
它采集了真实的鼓的声音
that sampled real drum sounds.
苏珊将Linn-LM1输入到AMS混响箱中
Susan fed that Linn-LM1 to the AMS reverb box
并使用了一个名为「非线性」的预设值
and used a preset called “nonlinear”.
非线性混响技术在自然界中是无法复现的
Nonlinear reverb just can’t be replicated in the real world without technology.
在自然环境中 音频信号衰减时混响会逐渐消失
Reverb in a natural setting tends to fade as the audio signal decays.
非线性混响却能够更加响亮
Nonlinear reverb actually gets louder.
它让鼓声听起来像在甩鞭子
It makes a drum sound like a whip.
想象一下浪潮翻涌的情景 一股巨浪
Picture it like a tidal wave, a huge wave
突然撞上了一堵墙 戛然而止
suddenly stopping and hitting a brick wall.
这是门混响的音效
That’s the sound of gated reverb.
这是一个经典的例子
That was the classic, quintessential example.
给人一种又强又壮的感觉
That was the big one, that was the fat one.
[普林斯-亲吻]#你不需要那么漂亮 便能让我快乐#
[Prince – Kiss]#You don’t have to be beautiful, to turn me on.#
「今夜星光灿烂」发布一年后
A year after “In the Air Tonight”, those
这种强烈的鼓点风已随处可见
huge drums were no longer an accident.
声音被植入了混响技术
The sound was built into reverb technology.
之后的十年里 门混响已经开始烂大街了
Then for a decade, gated reverb was a sound you couldn’t escape on the radio.
[凯特·布什-爱的猎犬]#在树上 它来了!#
[Kate Bush – Hounds of Love]#It’s in the trees. It’s coming!#
[凯特·布什-爱的猎犬]#当我还是个孩子 在夜里奔跑#
[Kate Bush – Hounds of Love]#When I was a child running in the night#
[约翰·康佳·麦伦坎-杰克与黛安]#开始摇滚吧 一起摇滚吧#
[John Congar Mellencamp – Jack And Diane]#Gonna let it rock, let it rock#
[霍尔奥兹组合-在你的膝盖上跳舞]
[Hall And Oates – Dance On Your Knees]
[杜兰杜兰-杀戮的观点]
[Duran Duran – A View To A Kill]
我们真的快把门混响玩坏了
We really kind of used it to death, and
在发布下一张专辑「时代的印记」时
by the next album, by Sign of the Times,
我已经非常厌倦了
I was pretty sick of it.
似乎其他人也一样
It seemed everybody else was too.
到了90年代 音乐家们重新拾起了单调鼓点
When the 90s rolled around musicians favored those dry drums again.
不过值得一说的是
But here’s the thing.
经过20年的不受待见后 它又回归了
After a about 20 years’ hiatus, It’s back.
[卡莉·瑞·杰普森-当我需要你时]#嘿!此刻我需要你!#
[Carly Rae Jepsen – When I Need You]#Hey! That’s when I need you!#
这位是Song Exploder网站的阿瑞尔·李克特谢德
Here’s Ariel Rechtshaid on Song Exploder,
他制作了卡莉·瑞·杰普森的最新专辑
he produced Carly Rae Jepsen’s latest album.
鼓点是我脑子里一直都有的东西
That drum fill is something that I always just had in my head.
它们深受约翰·康佳·麦伦坎的「杰克与黛安」影响
They were inspired by the drum fill in the Jack & Diane by John Cougar Mellencamp.
[约翰·康佳·麦伦坎-杰克与黛安]
[John Cougar Mellencamp – Jack And Diane]
[Bleachers乐队-不要为钱所困]#我恋爱了 你让我失控了#
[Bleachers – Don’t Take The Money]#I’m in love and you’ve got me, runaway#
杰克·安东诺夫的Bleachers乐队
Jack Antonoff of Bleachers was born
在普林斯发布「紫雨」那年出道
the year Prince released Purple Rain.
他正在他的工作室捣腾他的Linn-LM1电子鼓
And here he is in his studio playing that Linn-LM1 drum machine.
他制作了洛德的最新专辑 加入了门混响风格
He produced Lorde’s latest album which has gated reverb drums.
#你车里的电台开着x2#
#In your car the radio up. x2#
而泰勒·斯威夫特也适时地发布了「1989」
And Taylor Swift’s aptly titled 1989.
#凌晨两点 在你车上#
#It’s 2am in your car#
不过如今的制作者已经不需要鼓点机
The thing is, producers today don’t need Prince’s drum machine
或混响装置的物理摆设 就能制作80年代的声音
or a physical rack of reverb units to get that 80s sound.
你可以在网上下载到
You can go online and download massive
普林斯或菲尔·柯林斯式的混响包
Prince and Phil Collins inspired gated reverb drum sample packs.
那AMS RMX 16呢
And that AMS RMX 16?
它变成了一个电脑插口
It’s now a computer plug in.
诚然 门式混响鼓不是一种永恒的声音
Sure, gated reverb drums aren’t a timeless sound.
它们让你回想起了80年代
They bring you back to the 80s, but that
但并不意味着它们听起来不酷
doesn’t mean they don’t sound cool.
耳虫系列视频由听书网赞助播出
This episode of Earworm is brought to you by audible.com
你在audible.com会发现有超多关于音乐的书籍
If you go to audible.com there are so many amazing books about music.
不过有一本书我真心想推荐给你
But there’s one that I defintely want to recommend
那就是亚历克斯·罗斯的「Listen to This」
and that’s “Listen to This” by Alex Ross.
亚历克斯·罗斯是纽约客的音乐评论家
Alex Ross is a long time music critic at the New Yorker
他写了很多我超喜欢的音乐方面的书
and he’s written some of my favorite books about music.
如果你想了解音乐或者更好地欣赏它
If you want to understand music more or appreciate it better,
「Listen to This」绝对是你的菜
“Listen to This” definitely has your covered.
你可以去audible.com/Vox 试用30天
If you go to audible.com/Vox you can download 30-day free trial
免费下载「Listen to This」
download “Listen to This” for free.
即使你不保留这项服务 你仍然可以保留这本书
And if you choose not to keep the service, you can still keep the book.
另外 我还为你制作了Spotify音乐列表
One other thing is I made a spotify playlist for you,
链接在视频简介里
the link is in the description.
名字是「门式混响的颂歌」
It’s called An Ode to Gated Reverb
里面是我收藏的80年代至今的门式混响歌曲
and it has some of my favorite songs with gated reverb from the 1980s and today.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

一个意外的鼓点让门式混响成为了上世纪80年代的主流旋律,我深爱着这种强劲有力的鼓点。本期耳虫视频带你领略曾经风靡西方音乐界的门式混响。我在Spotify中收藏的门式混响音乐列表:http://spoti.fi/2vH7ZZL

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

龙包包

审核员

审核团HL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bxz6jShW-3E

相关推荐