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3D拼图是怎么生产出来的

How 3D Jigsaw Puzzles Are Made | How It's Made

THE FIRST JIGSAW PUZZLE WAS INVENTED IN EUROPE IN 1760.
第一个拼图游戏发明于1760年的欧洲
NEARLY TWO CENTURIES LATER, A CANADIAN INVENTOR RESHAPED THE POPULAR PASTIME.
近两个世纪后 一位加拿大发明家改变了这种流行的娱乐方式
HIS PUZZLE PIECES, MADE OF THICK FOAM RATHER THAN CARDBOARD,
他的拼图块不是硬纸板做成的 而是厚泡沫板
COULD STAND UPRIGHT, TURNING THE PUZZLE INTO A THREE-DIMENSION MODEL.
可以直立起来 把拼图变成一个三维模型
CONSTRUCTING A 3-D PUZZLE PRODUCES IMPRESSIVE RESULTS.
拼好一个3D拼图 效果令人惊艳
TO DO SO, TWO 800-PIECE PUZZLE SETS ARE USED TO CREATE
为此 我们将用两个800块的拼图
THIS SPECTACULAR CASTLE REPLICA.
来创建这个壮观的城堡模型
AN INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER CREATES THE PUZZLE’S THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE.
工业设计师创建了拼图的三维结构
AN ILLUSTRATOR USES TECHNIQUES, SUCH AS VISUAL TEXTURES
插图师运用视觉纹理
AND SHADING, TO TRANSFORM FLAT GRAPHICS
着色等技术 把平面图像
INTO A THREE-DIMENSIONAL RENDERING.
转换成三维渲染
THE INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER PREPARES THE PRINTING AND CUTTING LAYOUT,
工业设计师准备打印和切割布局
FITTING UP TO THREE PUZZLES PER SHEET.
每页最多装配三个拼图
THE PUZZLE PIECES ARE MADE FROM RIGID FOAM.
拼图块是用刚性泡沫制造的
THE FOAM IS SPECIFICALLY ENGINEERED
泡沫经过特殊设计
TO BE CHEMICALLY COMPATIBLE WITH THE PAPER GRAPHICS
可化学兼容于纸质图像
AND PROPRIETARY ADHESIVE.
和专用粘合剂
A TECHNICIAN FEEDS ONE SHEET AT A TIME
技术人员将泡沫板
INTO A CUSTOM-DESIGNED LAMINATION MACHINE.
送入定制设计的层压机器
THE FIRST STATION SPREADS HOT GLUE OVER THE TOP OF THE FOAM SHEET.
第一站将热胶涂在泡沫板顶部
AN AUTOMATED ARM WITH VACUUM SUCTION CUPS
一个带有真空吸盘的自动臂
LIFTS A SINGLE SHEET OF PRINTED PAPER
抬起一张打印好的纸
AND PLACES IT ON THE GLUE-COATED FOAM SHEET.
放到涂有胶水的泡沫板上
AS SOON AS THE PAPER ADHERES TO THE FOAM,
纸一粘到泡沫上
THE SHEET IS RELEASED FROM THE SUCTION CUPS.
就从吸盘上脱落
THEN THE FOAM MOVES UNDER A ROLLER
然后泡沫在滚筒下移动
THAT PRESSES DOWN THE PAPER.
压在纸张上
AS THE LAMINATED FOAM EXITS THE MACHINE,
当层压泡沫离开机器时
A TECHNICIAN ROLLS A TUBE OVER THE FOAM,
技术人员会在泡沫上滚一根管子
PRESSING OUT ANY REMAINING AIR BUBBLES
压出残存的气泡
TO ENSURE THE PAPER ADHERES FULLY.
以确保纸张紧紧地粘附在上面
IN THE DEVELOPMENT PHASE, THE INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER
在开发阶段 工业设计师
ASSEMBLED A BLUEPRINT FOR HOW THE PUZZLE PIECES
为拼图的形状和布局
WOULD BE SHAPED AND LAID OUT.
设计了蓝图
THAT DESIGN WENT TO A TOOLMAKER,
然后交给模具制造者
WHO PRODUCED A CORRESPONDING CUTTING DIE OUT OF STEEL KNIVES.
制作一个对应的钢刀切割模具
THE DIE IS MOUNTED INSIDE THE CUTTING MACHINE.
模具安装在切割机内
A TECHNICIAN FEEDS THE MACHINE ONE LAMINATED FOAM SHEET AT A TIME,
技术人员每次向机器送一张层压泡沫板
PAPER SIDE DOWN.
纸面朝下
GRIPPERS GRAB THE EDGE OF THE PAPER,
夹持器抓住纸张的边缘
PULLING THE SHEET INTO THE MACHINE.
将泡沫板拉入机器
THE CUTTING DIE SLICES THE PUZZLE PIECES INTO THE FOAM.
切割模具在泡沫上切割出拼图块
EVEN THOUGH THE CUTTING PRESSURE COMPRESSES THE FOAM,
虽然切割压力压缩了泡沫
IT IMMEDIATELY BOUNCES BACK, KEEPING THE SHEET INTACT.
但泡沫会迅速反弹 保持泡沫板无损
THANKS TO A HIGH-QUALITY RUBBER SHEET INSERTED BETWEEN THE BLADES,
由于刀片之间插入了高品质的橡胶片
THE PIECES DON’T GET STUCK IN THE DIE.
拼图块不会卡在模具中
THE STIFF RUBBER PROVIDES COUNTER-PRESSURE
硬质橡胶提供的反压力
TO HELP REMOVE THE FOAM SHEET.
有助于拆卸泡沫板
IF THE SHEET HAS TWO OR THREE PUZZLES PRINTED ON IT,
如果泡沫板上印有两个或三个拼图
THE CUTTING DIE SEPARATES THEM.
切割模具会将它们分开
THEN A TECHNICIAN PLACES THE PUZZLE
然后技术人员将拼图放在
ON A SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONVEYOR BELT
半自动传送带上
THAT MOVES IT TO THE DISMANTLING MACHINE.
传送带将拼图传送至拆卸机
THE MACHINE INFUSES THE DIE-CUT PUZZLE SHEET WITH STEAM.
拆卸机给模切好的拼图板注入蒸汽
THE STEAM PREVENTS STATIC ELECTRICITY,
蒸汽可以防静电
WHICH CAUSES PIECES TO CLING TOGETHER
而静电会导致拼图片粘连在一起
OR TO THE INSIDE OF THE MACHINE.
或粘在机器内部
THE MACHINE SEPARATES THE PIECES
机器将拼图片拆卸开
AND DISPENSES THEM INTO A PUZZLE BOX.
然后分发到拼图盒里
A TECHNICIAN ADDS THE STANDARD INSTRUCTION SHEET
技术人员把标准说明书放入盒中
AND SEALS THE BOX.
并密封盒子
THE INSTRUCTIONS ARE IN BLACK AND WHITE
说明书只提供黑白版
BUT CAN BE VIEWED IN COLOR ONLINE.
彩色版可以在线查阅
THE FIRST STEP IS TO SORT THE PIECES BY COLOR AND DESIGN
说明书操作的第一步是根据颜色和设计来分类拼图片
AND SET ASIDE THE ONES MARKED WITH A RED DOT
并将标有红点的部分搁置一边
WHICH IS PART OF THE MANUFACTURING PROCESS,
这些是制造过程的一部分
NOT THE PUZZLE ITSELF.
不属于拼图本身
THE NEXT STEP IS TO ASSEMBLE THE PUZZLE, SECTION BY SECTION.
下一步是一个部件一个部件地组装拼图
ALL THE SECTIONS ARE FLAT,
这里所有部件都是平面的
SO THE FINAL STEP IS TO ATTACH THE FLAT SECTIONS
所以最后一步是要拼接各平面部件
TO MAKE THE PUZZLE THREE-DIMENSIONAL.
使拼图三维化
FOR AN ADDITIONAL CHALLENGE,
如果你想更进一步挑战
YOU CAN FORGO THE STEP-BY-STEP INSTRUCTIONS
可以跳过上述分步说明
AND REFER ONLY TO THE PHOTOS ON THE BOX.
而只参考包装盒上的照片
IF YOU HAPPEN TO LOSE A PUZZLE PIECE,
如果拼图块丢失
YOU CAN GO TO THE COMPANY’S WEBSITE TO TRACE THE NUMBER OF YOUR MISSING PIECE,
请到公司网站查询所丢失拼图块的编号
THEN ORDER A NEW PIECE ONLINE.
然后在线订购新的拼图块
THE COMPANY WILL MAIL IT TO YOU SO THAT YOU CAN COMPLETE YOUR PUZZLE.
公司会把它寄给你 这样你就可以完成拼图了
UNLIKE A TRADITIONAL FLAT PUZZLE,
与传统的平面拼图不同
YOU CAN MOVE YOUR 3-D PUZZLE WITHOUT IT FALLING APART.
您可以移动您的3D拼图 而不至于整个散开
IT TAKES FOUR TO SIX MONTHS
开发和设计这个令人难以置信的3D拼图
TO DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN THIS INCREDIBLE 3-D PUZZLE.
需要4到6个月的时间
NOW IT’S TIME TO SPEND EVEN LONGER PIECING THIS PUZZLE TOGETHER.
现在 是时候花更长时间来一起完成这个拼图了

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视频概述

介绍3D拼图的生产流程。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

aduan

审核员

审核员JO

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvFMGJqXab0

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