ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

激素和性别转化 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

激素和性别转化

Hormones and Gender Transition

每个人都会散发荷尔蒙
Hormones. Everyone has them but do you
但你知道荷尔蒙的威力有多大吗
know just how powerful these molecules are?
它们是否如你所知道的那样影响你
How they affect your entire existence, as you know it?
我们就来聊聊荷尔蒙
So let’s talk about them.
首先让我小跑题一下下
But let’s put a slight twist on it.
我们要看一下
We’re gonna focus on what happens when
某个经历过激素疗法的人会发生什么
someone undergoes hormone therapy.
这种疗法常被用于绝经期女性
This is commonly for women going through
但我们要看的是
menopause, but we’re going to look at hormone
变性过程中激素疗法的作用
therapy used for transition genders.
反应简介
(REACTIONS INTRO)
无论男女老少 还有种族差异
No matter what your gender, age or race, everyone
每个人体内都有雌性激素或睾丸素
has both estrogen and testosterone in them.
雌性激素和睾丸素都是
Estrogen and testosterone are the main components
使人类表现性别特征的身体重要组成成分
in the body that makes a person look male or female.
那是什么影响一个人的自我性别认知呢
Now what makes a person feel male or female,
那是另一个视频了
well, that’s an entirely different video.
女性而言 卵巢和肾上腺
In females, the ovaries and adrenal glands
产生雌性激素和睾丸素
produce estrogen and testosterone.
女性身体中的睾丸素作用于
Testosterone in females is important for muscle
肌肉 性能力 幸福感
strength, sex drive, and sense of well-being.
男性身体内睾丸素含量
Now men have about 10 times more
比女性高数十倍
testosterone than females, and males can
睾丸产生睾丸素的速度
produce testosterone, in the testis, much faster
比女性卵巢产生睾丸素快
than females can in their overaies.
男性体内睾丸素是通过化学转化
In men, testosterone is chemically converted
人体需要雌性激素来使精子成熟
To estrogen as the body needs it for maturing
调节性欲
sperm and possibly regulating sex drive.
所以当一个人转换性别时
So when a person transitions to the opposite
他要通过激素疗法来调整
gender, they undergo hormone therapy to adjust
体内雌性激素和睾丸素的水平
the levels of estrogen and testosterone in their body.
本质上是让一个病人经历
This essentially puts a patient through a second
第二次发育期
puberty. While the new hormones can’t totally reverse
当新的性激素不能完全抵消第一次发育期的效力
the effects of the first puberty, it’s the development
那就由第二性征发育
of the secondary sex characteristics which makes
让这个人开始形体上看起来像他们想要的那样
the person begin to physically appear as the gender they identify with.
男性变性为女性时
When males transition to females (MTF),
他们也会产生抗雄激素
they’re also given antiandrogens.
这些激素阻挡睾丸素
These block testosterone from doing what
发挥其本该发挥的效应
testosterone is supposed to do and lowers
降低全身睾丸素量
the amount of testosterone overall.
睾丸素的减少意味着
This significant reduction of testosterone means
男性体内典型的第二性征将会消失
the typical secondary sex characteristics in men
肌肉块会消失
will start to go away. Muscle mass will shrink,
脂肪会再分配 体毛会变细变稀
fat will redistribute, and body hair will become thinner and lighter.
为了女性特征发育
In order for the female attributes to develop,
转化中的男性会摄入雄性激素胶囊 药片和针剂
transitioning males take forms of estrogen in gels, pills, or shots.
尽管性激素水平会在
Although hormone levels may reach targets in
治疗的第一年达到目标 但是
the first year of therapy, it takes roughly 2-3 years
还是会花费2―3年时间直到身体变化
for the physical changes to occur, but hey,
但是起码要比青春期快一些
that’s still quicker than puberty.
转化为男性的女性
Females transitioning to males (FTM) are
会释放睾丸素 有时称作
given testosterone, sometimes called T.
不是
[Cup of tea] Nope.
也不是
[Ice-T] Still no.
嗯……
[Mr. T] Um..
(睾丸素)就是这个
[Testosterone] That’s the one.
睾丸素可通过胶囊或注射获得
T can be applied topically with a gel or through
睾丸素的增加会使声音变轻
routine shots. The increase of T lowers the voice,
面部会长出毛发 肌肉增强
produces facial hair, and increases muscle mass.
睾丸素增加还能降低
This increase of T also lowers the amount
体内雄性激素含量 胸部体积消退
of estrogen in the body causing the breasts to decrease
肩膀和臀部变宽 月经停止
in size, the shoulders and hips to broaden, and the menstrual cycle to stop.
一到两年这些女性体内激素
It takes about one to two years of being on
含量就能达到正常男性体内
these hormones for a born female to attain
雄性激素和睾丸素含量水平
male levels of estrogen and testosterone.
就这样
So there you have it.
通过激素疗法 雄性激素和睾丸素
Estrogen and testosterone through hormone therapy
在变性手术中起到很大作用
play a huge role in physically transitioning genders.
既然这些激素效果如此强大
And since these hormones are so powerful, you
那你没和你的医生讨论之前不能打激素
should never take hormones without talking your doctor first.
所以这就是我们每周一次的视频讲解
So there’s our weekly dose of chemistry for you.
你有想让我们制作成视频的话题吗
Have topic you’d like us to cover?
告诉我们吧
Tell us about it.
在下方留言
Comment down below, or hit us up
或在脸书或推特上@我们
on our Facebook or Twitter.
如果你正在看 一定要订阅哦
While you’re at it, hit that there Subscribe button
还有分享我们的视频
and be sure to share our video
给你的朋友或任何陌生人
with your friends or complete strangers.
最后 谢谢观看
And hey, thanks for watching!

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

雄性激素和睾丸素的变化,在性别转换过程中

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

花花姑娘

审核员

NL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5knvmy1Z3s

相关推荐