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同性恋恐惧症和消费主义 – 译学馆
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同性恋恐惧症和消费主义

Homophobia and Consumerism

大家好 欢迎回来 今天我们要讨论一些
hello and welcome back todaywe’re talking about some new research
揭示了新内容的研究并且让我们
that sheds light and what makes us
对自己和他人感到不愉快首先 一个我们许多人都有的预感
unhappy, with ourselves and with otherpeople.First a hunch that many of us
被科学证实
share has been confirmed by science.
同性恋在宣称他们自己是直的的人群中更普遍
Homophobia is more common and morestrong in people who say that they are
也更强烈
straight
他们只是没有意识到对同性的吸引
but who have unacknowledged attractionto the same sex.
而且这在严禁此类意愿的家庭中养育的孩子中
And also people who were raised inhouseholds that forbade such desires
当然讲得通 因为任何关于同性恋的想法
that makes total sense of course becauseany thought of homosexuality would
至少是在潜意识中提醒这个人
remind the individual at leastsubconsciously
他们被教育地讨厌他们的一部分 这真可悲
of a piece of themselves that they weretaught to hate.It’s pretty sad,really.Richard Bryan
在《人格与社会心理学期刊》发表研究的作者
the author of the study published in theJournal of Personality and Social
理查德·布莱恩说
Psychology said
很多情况下人们与他们自己对战
in many cases these are people who areat war with themselves
并会将这个内部战争投射向外部 窍门是找出
and they’re turning this internalconflict outward.The trick is figuring
谁定义自己时没有意识到却对同性有无意识的吸引
out who has unacknowledged attraction tothe same sex when by definition
科学家采取了一些方法 一种是
they will not acknowledge it and thescientist did a couple ways one by
让实验者研究普通人和同性恋夫妇的图片
leaving participate in the study withpictures have straight and gay couples
观察他们在哪一组花了最长的时间观看
and observing which one they spent themost time looking at.And also possible to
还有可以分辨一组词是弯的还是直的
assign words in the categories of gayand straight
而当单词”我”出现时 无意识同性恋
and when the word me comes up, theunacknowledged homosexual look at that
考虑将其归为直的
word into the straight category
但他们会比真正的直的人选得更慢
but they’ll do it much more slowly thanactually straight person
我的想法可能有点愚蠢 但是理解很有可能引起
my thing kinda silly but understand theroute to the same tagged as much often
严重仇恨犯罪的同一类人的行径对我们的社会
leads to serious crimes of hate isextremely important for our society
和成员的安全尤其重要并且你也知道你不能买来幸福
and for the safety members up.Alsoyou’ve been told that you can’t buy
但以防你需要证据
happiness but in case you needed proof
这里有新的研究表明消费主义使你沮丧
here it is new studies show thatconsumerism makes you were depressed
远离人群的怪人 而在西北大学做的另一个研究
isolated weirdo and one other studiesdone at Northwestern University, some
一些实验者收到了所有他们买不起的
subjects were given depictions of allkinds of fancy things that they can’t
精美的事物的描述
afford
运动 汽车 电子产品 珠宝而其他人则不偏不倚 看起来没有消费品
sports cars electronics jewelry whileothers were given neutral seems that
两组都填了问卷
didn’t have any consumer goods and bothgroups then filled out questionnaires
关于他们的自我价值
about their self-worth
那些得到关于珠宝的描述的人
those who have been getting depictionshave luxury rated themselves higher
在失落时将他们自己评判的更高对像派对或慈善一类的社会活动
in depression and anxiety and were lessinterested in social activities like
更不感兴趣
parties
另一组实验者被要求描述
or doing charity work and another studysubjects were asked to describe a
想象的水缺乏
hypothetical water shortage
其时他们必须与其他三个人共享(水)
in which they had to share a well withthree other people. The two groups were
这两组完全相同
exactly the same except
除了一组研究的实验者被称为
that in one group the participants inthe study were called
“消费者” 包括那些在另一组被要求
consumers including the person that wasbeing asked the questions.In the other
回答问题的
group
他们只是被叫做“个体”
the people were just called individualsThe people in the group that were called
在被叫做“消费者”的一组中
consumers
他们更难相信他人保存了水
said that they were less trusting upothers to conserve the water
而且将他们自己描述得更没有责任感
but also describe themselves as lessresponsible and less willing to work
和危机中更不愿与他人合作
with others
当问到什么改变了这些
on the crisis, nice .When asked what couldbe done to turn off these petty
小气的消费主义者
Consumerist
调查研究领导盖伦·博登豪森说
in stings lead researcher Galen Bodenhausen said
少看电视 而伙计们
watch less TV .And men brother
但这不是电视 所以你可以随心所欲地观看
but this is not TV so you could keepwatching this all you want to be any
有任何疑问或主意 请在youtube评论中留下它们
questions or ideas please leave them inthe youtube comments
或通过脸书或推特联系我们 下周见
or get in touch with us on Facebook orTwitter and we will see you next week
【音乐】
(music)
【音乐】
(music)

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