ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

华尔街股灾标志性时间:黑色星期二 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

华尔街股灾标志性时间:黑色星期二

History Brief: Black Tuesday (The Stock Market Crash)

大多数人用一个被称为“黑色星期二”的日子
Most people mark the beginning of the Great Depression
来标志经济大萧条的开始
with a day known as Black Tuesday.
“黑色星期二”那天发生了什么
What happened on Black Tuesday?
为什么那一天这么意义重大
Why is that day so important?
公司是指个人可以购买股票业务的企业
A corporation is a business which individuals buy stock in.
一个人拥有的股票越多
The more stock one owns,
在公司所占的股份就越大
the larger share of the corporation that person has.
这些股票在证券交易所买入 卖出并进行交易
These stocks are bought, sold, and traded on the stock exchange.
美国证券交易所
The American Stock Exchange
位于纽约市的华尔街
is located on Wall Street and New York City.
这些公司的成功与否
The success and failure of these corporations
是用道琼斯工业平均指数来衡量的
is gauged by The Dow Jones Industrial Average.
道琼斯是一种可以体现
The Dow Jones is an index
大公司是如何在证券交易中
which shows how large corporations are performing
进行操作的指数
on the stock exchange.
如果道琼斯平均指数上升
If the Dow Jones average goes up,
这意味着公司业务蒸蒸日上
this means that corporations are prosperous,
并且它们的股民在赚钱
and their shareholders are making money.
如果道琼斯平均指数下降
If the Dow Jones average goes down, this means
这意味着许多公司正面临着经济困难
that many of the corporations are facing economic hardships.
在整个20世纪20年代 伴随着美国经济前所未有的增长
Throughout the 1920s, the Dow Jones Industrial Average had steadily gone up,
道琼斯工业平均指数稳定地上升
along with the unprecedented economic growth in the United States.
事实上 道琼斯指数在过去的九年里一直在上升
In fact, it had continued to rise for nine years in a row.
然而 在1929年 股票市场出现大幅波动
However,in 1929,the stock market saw major fluctuations.
在一整年里
Throughout the year,
随着投资者时不时的买进卖出
there were ups and downs
市场经历了曲折起伏
as investors bought and sold in sporadic fashion.
夏季时 一些经济分析师预测出现大幅下降
During the summer months, some economic analysts predicted a major slump,
但是大部分人没有注意到这个警告
but most did not heed this warning.
1929年10月24日星期二
Thursday October 24, 1929 was the first day
是见证戏剧性变化的第一天
that saw a dramatic shift.
当华尔街股票交易所开市时
When the stock exchange on Wall Street opened,
大笔的抛售出现 许多人选择脱手他们的股票
there was heavy trading, with many choosing
并且撤离市场
to sell their stocks and get out of the market.
这导致市场价值下降了11%
this caused an 11% drop in the value of the market.
一群顶级银行家甚至召开了一次会议
A group of leading bankers even held a meeting
看看他们是否能够找到办法
to see if they might be able to find a solution
解决当天接踵而来的恐慌
to the panic that had ensued on that day.
某天 10月28日 见证了更多的情况
One day.October 28, saw even more activity.
道琼斯平均指数暴跌
The Dow Jones Industrial Average spiraled further downward.
这意味许多投资者希望抛售他们的股票
This meant that many investors desire to sell their stock
但是没有人想以售价
but no one wanted to purchase those stocks
购买这些股票
for the prices that they were been sold at.
第二天 1929年10月29日
The next day, October 29, 1929,
将作为“黑色星期二”被永远记住
was the day that will forever be remembered as Black Tuesday.
在那天 道琼斯工业平均指数下跌30点
That day,the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 30 points
跌幅达12%
losing 12% of its value,
超过1600万股成交
More than 16 million shares were traded.
这项记录四十多年都未能被打破
A record that would stand for more than fourty years.
许多的投资者都在抛售他们的股票
With so many investors looking to dump their stocks,
一切都变得歇斯底里了
hysteria ensued,
无数的人失去了他们的财产
and thousands of people lost their personal fortunes.
股票市场在两天的时间里
The stock market have lost more than $30 billion dollars in value
损失了超过3000万美元
over the course of two days,
这次事件成为了著名的股票崩盘事件
and the event became known as the Stock Market Crash.
股市在接下来的两周持续下跌
The stock market continued to fall even lower
直到11月中旬才终于企稳
over the next two weeks before finally stabilizing in mid-November.
1930年6月 股市经历了又一个低潮期
June of 1930 saw another slump in the market
然而1931年4月又出现了另一个螺旋式下降
and yet another downward spiral occurred in April of 1931.
投资者对美国的经济失去了信任
Investors had lost faith in the American economy.
股票下跌导致
The decline in stock prices
许多公司破产 停业
caused bankruptcy and business closures for many corporations.
扩张和创新变得更加困难
Expansion and innovation became more difficult
因为没有人愿意投资自己的金融资本并承担风险
as no one wanted to invest their financial capital and take risks.
结果 美国经济需要十多年才能复苏
As a result, it would take more than a decade for the US economy to recover.
这就是“黑色星期二”
This is why Black Tuesday is considered
被认为是大萧条的开端的原因
the event that started the Great Depression.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

为什么黑色星期二被认为是经济大萧条的开端

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

王也的冯宝宝

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ehy2jEeNuWk

相关推荐