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自然界鲜为人知的奇妙作品 – 译学馆
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自然界鲜为人知的奇妙作品

Hidden miracles of the natural world | Louie Schwartzberg

What is the intersection between technology, art and science?
技术 艺术和科学之间的交集是什么?
Curiosity and wonder,
是好奇和怀疑
because it drives us to explore,
因为因为我们周遭充满着看不到的东西
because we’re surrounded by things we can’t see.
而它们驱使我们去探索
And I love to use film
我喜欢用电影的方式
to take us on a journey
带给大家一段
through portals of time and space,
穿越时空的旅程
to make the invisible visible,
使不可见的事物变得可见
because what that does,
因为那样做
it expands our horizons, it transforms our perception,
会开阔我们的视野 改变我们的认知
it opens our minds
开放我们的思维
and it touches our heart.
并且触动我们的心弦
So here are some scenes from my 3D IMAX film,
以下这些片段来自我3D巨幕电影中的一些场景
“Mysteries of the Unseen World.”
《未知世界的秘密》
(Music)
(音乐)
There is movement which is too slow
自然界的一些活动
for our eyes to detect,
慢到我们肉眼无法察觉到
and time lapse makes us discover
延时摄影技术让使我们探索
and broaden our perspective of life.
并拓宽了我们对生命的观察视角
We can see how organisms emerge and grow,
我们可以看到生物体如何出现 生长
how a vine survives by creeping from the forest floor
藤蔓是如何从森林的地面钻出
to look at the sunlight.
追寻阳光的照射
And at the grand scale,
从宏观的角度来看
time lapse allows us to see our planet in motion.
延时摄影使我们看得到动态的地球
We can view not only the vast sweep of nature,
我们不仅可以看到广袤的自然
but the restless movement of humanity.
也可以感受到人类延绵至今的发展历程
Each streaking dot represents a passenger plane,
屏幕中每个飞速划过的点都代表着一架客机
and by turning air traffic data into time-lapse imagery,
把客机的数据转换成延时图像
we can see something that’s above us constantly
可以使我们看到一直在上方
but invisible:
却不可见的:
the vast network of air travel over the United States.
美国上空巨大的航线网络
We can do the same thing with ships at sea.
海上的船只也一样
We can turn data into a time-lapse
我们可以把数据转换成
view of a global economy in motion.
展现全球经济变化的延时图景
And decades of data give us the view
几十年的数据
of our entire planet
使我们的星球
as a single organism
看上去宛如一个生命体
sustained by currents circulating throughout the oceans
由循环于大洋之间的水流
and by clouds swirling through the atmosphere,
和旋动于大气层中的云所供养
pulsing with lightning, crowned by the aurora Borealis.
闪电是它的脉搏 北极光是它的王冠
It may be the ultimate time-lapse image:
这可以说是延时摄影的终极作品
the anatomy of Earth brought to life.
有生命的地球解剖图
At the other extreme,
另一个极端是
there are things that move too fast for our eyes,
某些活动太快而无法用肉眼捕捉
but we have technology that can look into that world as well.
但是我们同样拥有用来深入窥察那个世界的技术
With high-speed cameras, we can do the opposite of time lapse.
高速摄影可以达到与延时摄影相反的效果
We can shoot images that are thousands of times faster than our vision.
我们可以捕捉到比肉眼快几千倍的影像
And we can see how nature’s ingenious devices work,
我们可以观察到存在于自然界的高超技艺
and perhaps we can even imitate them.
甚至可以运用在仿生领域
When a dragonfly flutters by, you may not realize,
当一只蜻蜓飞过 你可能意识不到
but it’s the greatest flier in nature.
但蜻蜓是自然界最棒的飞行者
It can hover, fly backwards,
它们可以盘旋 向后飞
even upside down.
甚至仰着飞
And by tracking markers on an insect’s wings,
通过昆虫的翅膀上的跟踪标记
we can visualize the air flow that they produce.
我们可以把它们产生的气流成像
Nobody knew the secret
没人知道蜻蜓的秘密
but high speed shows that a dragonfly
但在高速摄影的帮助下
can move all four wings in different directions at the same time.
发现蜻蜓的四只翅膀可同时向任意方向扇动
And what we learn
我们了解到的这些
can lead us to new kinds of robotic flyers
可帮助我们开发新型自动飞行器
that can expand our vision of important and remote places.
把我们的视角扩展到那些重要但又偏远的地方
We’re giants,
我们身形巨大
and we’re unaware of things that are too small for us to see.
所以忽视了周遭的微小事物
The electron microscope fires electrons which creates images
电子显微镜通过发射电子来成像
which can magnify things by as much as a million times.
可以将事物的图像放大数百万倍
This is the egg of a butterfly.
这是一只蝴蝶的卵
And there are unseen creatures living all over your body,
我们身上也有许许多多看不到的生物
including mites that spend their entire lives
比如螨虫
dwelling on your eyelashes,
一生都住在你的眼睫毛里
crawling over your skin at night.
夜间在你皮肤上爬来爬去
Can you guess what this is?
能猜出这是什么吗?
Shark skin.
鲨鱼的皮肤
A caterpillar’s mouth.
毛毛虫的嘴
The eye of a fruit fly.
果蝇的眼
An eggshell.
蛋壳
A flea.
跳蚤
A snail’s tongue.
蜗牛的舌头
We think we know most of the animal kingdom,
我们自以为很了解动物世界了
but there may be millions of tiny species
但可能还有数以百万计的微小物种
waiting to be discovered.
等待着我们去发现
A spider also has great secrets,
蜘蛛也有许多秘密
because spiders’ silk thread is pound for pound stronger than steel
蜘蛛丝比同重量的钢铁还要牢固
but completely elastic.
同时也富有弹性
This journey will take us all the way down to the nano world.
接下来 让我们进入纳米世界
The silk is 100 times thinner than human hair.
蜘蛛丝比人类的头发还要细一百倍
On there is bacteria,
上面有细菌
and near that bacteria, 10 times smaller,
在细菌旁边 比它小十倍的是:
a virus.
病毒
Inside of that, 10 times smaller,
病毒里再小十倍的
three strands of DNA.
有三条DNA链
And nearing the limit of our most powerful microscopes,
还有将现今最先进的显微镜放至最高倍
single carbon atoms.
才能看到的单个碳原子
With the tip of a powerful microscope,
运用显微镜的微小触端
we can actually move atoms
我们可以移动原子
and begin to create amazing nano devices.
开始设计绝妙的纳米装置
Some could one day patrol our body
有些装置将来也许会在我们体内巡逻
for all kinds of diseases
以此来抵御各种疾病
and clean out clogged arteries along the way.
顺便也清理堵塞的动脉
Tiny chemical machines of the future
未来的微型化学机器
can one day, perhaps, repair DNA.
或许在某一天可以修复DNA
We are on the threshold of extraordinary advances,
我们将要开启奇妙的新篇章
born of our drive
这都源于我们
to unveil the mysteries of life.
对揭开生命奥秘的渴望
So under an endless rain of cosmic dust,
在如雨般不断落下的宇宙尘埃中
the air is full of pollen,
空气中弥漫着花粉
micro-diamonds and jewels from other planets
还有来自其它星球的钻石和宝石微粒
and supernova explosions.
以及超新星的爆发物
People go about their lives
人们就在这些看不见的事物的包围中
surrounded by the unseeable.
过着各自的生活
Knowing that there’s so much around us we can see
意识到我们周围还有这么多可观察的东西
forever changes our understanding of the world,
将永远改变我们对世界的认知
and by looking at unseen worlds,
看着我们肉眼看不到的世界
we recognize that we exist in the living universe,
我们会意识到自己生活在一个有生命的宇宙中
and this new perspective creates wonder
这个新的视角会令我们好奇
and inspires us to become explorers
并激励我们不断探索
in our own backyards.
周遭的世界
Who knows what awaits to be seen
谁也无法预测我们还会有什么样的发现
and what new wonders will transform our lives.
什么样的新奇迹将会改变我们的生活
We’ll just have to see.
让我们等着瞧吧
(Applause)
(鼓掌)
Thank you.
谢谢
(Applause)
(鼓掌)

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