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科学解释不了的,应该向哲学求解吗? – 译学馆
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科学解释不了的,应该向哲学求解吗?

Hey Bill Nye, 'Does Science Have All the Answers or Should We Do Philosophy Too?' #TuesdaysWithBill

麦克:比尔你好 我是麦克
Mike: Hey Bill. Mike here.
我现在在大学主修哲学
I’m a philosophy major in college right now
我想请教一下您对这门学科的观点
and I’m looking for your opinion on a subject
有些科学家 比如斯蒂芬•霍金和尼尔•德格拉塞•泰森
Some of the scientists like Stephen Hawking and Neil deGrasse Tyson
都认为这是一门没有意义的学科
have brushed it off as a meaningless topic.
我就是想知道您对这门学科的观点
I’m just wondering about your thoughts on the subject.
比尔•奈:麦克 麦克 这个问题很有意义
Bill Nye: Mike, Mike. This is a great question.
我不确定尼尔•得格拉塞•泰森和理查德•道金斯 这两位我非常熟悉的人
I’m not sure that Neil deGrasse Tyson and Richard Dawkins, two guys I’m very well acquainted with
说过哲学无关紧要 并要把哲学从课程中去掉
have declared philosophy as irrelevant, and blowing it off in your term.
我认为他们只是
I think that they’re just
担心哲学并不总能给出令人惊喜的答案
concerned that it doesn’t always give an answer that’s surprising.
哲学并不总是把你引向与常识相矛盾的地方
It doesn’t always lead you someplace that is inconsistent with common sense.
并且哲学经常回到这类问题:
And it gets back – it often, often gets back to this question.
意识的本质是什么?
What is the nature of consciousness?
我们能知道自己知道吗?
Can we know that we know?
我们能意识到自己有意识吗?
Are we aware that we are aware?
我们没意识到自己意识到了吗?
Are we not aware that we are aware?
现实是真实的还是不真实的?
Is reality real or is reality not real
我们都生活在一个巨大的乒乓球上
and we are all living on a ping pong ball
这是星际乒乒游戏的一部分 我们感觉不到这个事实
that’s part of a giant interplanetary ping pong game and we can not sense it.
有趣的问题
interesting questions.
但“现实并不是真的”
But the idea that reality is not real
或你感觉和感受到的“并不可信”这种想法
or what you sense and feel is not authentic
是我持怀疑态度的东西
is something I’m very skeptical of.
我是说 我认为你的感觉
I mean I think that your senses,
你与光 热 触觉
the reality that you interact with with light, heat,
味觉 嗅觉 听觉 互动的现实
sense of touch, taste, smell, hearing, absolutely hearing.
这些都是真实存在的
These are real things.
在哲学上论证
And to make a philosophical argument
它们可能不真实 因为你无法证明 比如举个例子
that they may not be real because you can’t prove – like for example
你无法证明太阳明天会升起
you can’t proof that the sun will come up tomorrow.
不见得 对吧
Not really, right.
直到太阳升起之前你都无法证明
You can’t prove it until it happens.
但我很有信心太阳会升起
But I’m pretty confident it will happen.
那是我认知现实的一部分
That’s part of my reality.
太阳明天会升起
The sun will come up tomorrow.
哲学有段时间很重要
And so philosophy is important for a while
但这也是我认为尼尔和理查德不赞同的地方
but it’s also I get were Neil and Richard might be coming from
也是你开始来回争辩的地方
might be coming from but where you start arguing in a circle where I think therefore I am.
如果你不考虑这件事会怎样
What if you don’t think about it?
你就不存在了吗?
Do you not exist anymore?
即使你不考虑“存在”这个问题 你可能仍然存在
You probably still exist even if you’renot thinking about existence.
你知道 这又回到了那个老问题 如果你用锤子砸自己的脚
And so, you know, this gets into the old thing if you drop a hammer on your foot
这是真实的还是你的想象?
is it real or is it just your imagination?
你可以试一下
You can run that test,
你知道 几次之后我希望你会同意“这可能是真的”
you know, a couple of times and I hope you come to agree that it’s probably real.
这是个很好的问题
It’s a cool question.
我认为对很多人来说 了解哲学很重要
It’s important I think for a lot of people to be aware of philosophy
但也要知道 如果你将所有上大学的钱花在读哲学上
but just keep in mind if you’re spending all this money on college
这也可能是尼尔和理查德不赞同的
this also may be where Neil and Richard are coming from.
拥有哲学学位可能不会引导你走上职业道路
philosophy degree may not lead you to on a career path.
有可能会 但也可能不会
It might but it may not.
同时也要记住 人类创造了哲学
And keep in mind humans made up philosophy too.
人类发现或发明了科学的过程
Humans discovered or invented the process of science.
人类发明了语言
Humans invented language.
人类发明了哲学
Humans invented philosophy.
所以 请记住
So keep that in mind
当你寻求绝对真理的时候
when you go to seek an absolute truth
你就是一个寻求真理的人 所以会有限制
you’re a human seeking the truth. So there’s going to be limits.
但也会有一些不重要的事
But there’s also going to be things beyond which it doesn’t matter
用锤子砸在你的脚上 看看你是否会注意到
Drop a hammer on your foot and see if you don’t notice it.

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哲学

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审核员 V

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ROe28Ma_tYM

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