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比尔·奈伊讲解“同性恋是正常进化现象吗” – 译学馆
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Hey Bill Nye, "Does Homosexuality Make Evolutionary Sense?" | BEST OF 2015

你好比尔 这是来自Big Think的Jason Gots我读了某人提交的一个信中的问题
Hi Bill. This is Jason Gots from Big Think. I’m reading a question that somebody submitted
他希望匿名提问 但这看起来是个你适合回答的问题
in written form who wished to remain anonymous. But it seemed like a question that it would
“我对同性恋有些疑问” 他问
be good to have you answer. "I have a question about homosexuality," he asks. "If the purpose
of a species is to reproduce and survive, how would it make sense evolutionarily for
那么那些对同性有癖好的人在进化上有什么意义 仅有人类有同性恋吗
humans to have same sex preferences? Are humans the only ones who practice homosexuality?
And if so does this mean that homosexuality is a product of human’s personal whim as
opposed to instinct?"
So when I was growing up there was this controversial and super bestselling book called The Naked
《裸体猿》 然后这个家伙 作者 Desmond Morris宣称 我猜他能证明
Ape. And this guy, the author, Desmond Morris claimed, I guess he documented that there
灵长类间的同性恋行为 并且从我记事起——
is homosexual behavior among primates. And from what I remember – I haven’t read
it in many years – was chimpanzees and Bonobo’s exhibit homosexual behavior. And the answer
nowadays we give to everybody about this is it’s a spectrum. I don’t know about you
我不了解你 但我知道很多结过婚、生过孩子、有小孩的男人
but I have known a great many gay men who are married, who have babies, who have kids.
所以很明显——我并不是这方面的权威 我是人类状况的观察者
So apparently – I’m not an authority on this. I’m an observer of the human condition.
很明显这有一个范围 一些人更可能
Apparently there’s a spectrum. Some people are more inclined to have sex with people
与他们的同性做爱 并且我认为如果你正在看新闻
of their same sex than others. And I think if you just watch the news right now you can
你可以为了你而看 而且某种程度上异性恋与同性恋
see that for yourself. And so being somewhere on the spectrum of heterosexual with homosexual
在基因上并不致命 你仍可以有孩子
being on that it’s not genetically lethal, you still have kids anyway. And you’ll hear
你会听到人们讨论女性 你会听到人们讨论男性
people talk about the feminine side. You’ll hear people talk about the masculine side.
你会听到女人们这样表达 她有许多勇气
You’ll hear women use the expression well she’s got a lot of balls which can’t literally
这从字面来说并不正确 如果在一般情况下用蛋蛋这词 所以我会说
be true if we’re using balls in that conventional construction. So I would say that it’s something
that happens in nature and I remember very well in this book – now I haven’t read
不读它了 但是男人们这是件大事 在20世纪60年代公开讨论性
it in a long time but man it was a big deal. Openly talking about sex in the 1960s was
是件大事 他宣称动物园里有比他在自然中观测的更多的同性恋
a big deal that he claimed that there was more homosexuality in zoos than he observed
in nature. And that may be just because we happen to capture a couple of homosexual Bonobos
或其他什么 换句话说同样的数量太小了而不能推定
or whatever. In other words the sample size is way too small to extrapolate. So let’s
所以让我们所有人庆祝活着吧 显然这是自然中发生的什么事
celebrate being alive everybody. Apparently it’s just something that happens in nature
而且看 我们都在这里
and look, we’re all here.