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你应该询问母亲的一些健康问题 – 译学馆
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你应该询问母亲的一些健康问题

Health Questions to Ask Your Mother

(applause)
掌声
Mothers Day is just around the corner,
母亲节马上就要到了
so Dr. Travis and Dr. Freda Lewis-Hall,
所以Travis医生和Freda Lewis Hall医生
the Chief Patient Officer of Pfizer,
辉瑞公司的主治医生
are going to let everyone know some suggested health questions that they
将为大家提供一些建议
should ask their own mothers.
告知应该问自己母亲的一些健康问题
Doctor Freda, great to be with you
Freda医生 很高兴能和您
here in New York City, talking about something
在纽约讨论一些
that is so important.
非常重要的健康问题
Because it’s almost Mothers Day, and half your genes
因为母亲节马上就到了 而且我们一半的基因
are from mom.
来自母亲
So today we want to encourage
所以今天我们想要鼓励
each and every one of you
你们中的每一个人
to ask your mom questions about her health.
去询问自己母亲关于她们健康的问题
You know who’s a mom and also a grandma?
知道谁既是妈妈又是外婆吗?
That would be me.
那就是我了
That would be you.
的确是你
So explain why everyone, especially women,
那请解释为什么每个人 尤其是女性
need to be proactive about understanding their family’s health history. Well,
需要积极了解自己家族的病史
the fact is that knowing your full
事实上 了解你全部的家族病史
family health history is important to your health.
对于你自己的健康非常重要
Because if your mother or other immediate family
因为如果你的母亲或是其他直系亲属
members have certain medical conditions,
有某些特定的健康状况
you may be at greater risk for developing
你可能有更大的风险
those same diseases.
患上那些一样的疾病
And your family history may help
而且你的家族病史也许会帮助
you learn what steps are necessary to prevent
你了解一些必要措施
certain illnesses and health problems.
预防特定的疾病和健康问题
And having a solid knowledge
并且对于家族病史有可靠的了解
of your family’s health history can also help you detect illness
也能帮助你发觉
at an earlier stage.
早期疾病
Which of course can make lifestyle modifications
当然 这也可以使你的生活方式发生改变
and medical treatments more effective.
以及医学治疗更加有效
First thing we’re going to talk about, because we should,
我们最先应该谈到的
is heart disease.
就是心脏病
The risk of heart disease and its risk factors
心脏病的风险和相关危险因素
are strongly linked to family history. Well,
与家族史紧密相连 当然
that’s a great place to start.
这是一个很好的切入点
Because it’s especially important for women to know
因为女性知道
their family’s heart health history.
自己家族的心脏健康史至关重要
Why?
为什么呢?
Because heart disease is the number one cause
因为在美国 心脏病是导致女性死亡
of death of women in the United States.
的头号杀手
And almost two-thirds of women who die
而且几乎三分之二
suddenly of heart disease have no previous symptoms. So,
突然死于心脏病的女性没有表现出任何预兆
ask your mother, do you have high blood pressure?
所以 问一下你的妈妈 你有高血压吗?
Do you have high cholesterol?
你有高胆固醇吗?
Do you have any heart issue that I don’t know about?
你有我不知道的心脏问题吗?
And it’s especially important to ask if you have
特别重要的是问
a family history of early heart disease.
是否有早期心脏病家族史
So be sure to ask your mother if she had a
所以一定要问你妈妈
heart attack before the age of 65.
是否在65岁前发作过心脏病
And if your mother says yes, that’s important, because
如果你妈妈说 是的 那么这很重要
if your mom has a history of early heart disease,
因为如果你妈妈有早期心脏病史
you may be more likely to get heart disease yourself.
那么你自己更有可能患心脏病
Your doctor will need to keep an eye
你的医生就需要关注
on your heart health in order to lower your risk.
你的心脏健康 以降低发病风险
But heart disease, we know,
但是心脏病 我们知道
not the only medical topic that you need to broach with mom.
不是唯一需要与母亲开始探讨的医学话题
Certain types of breast and ovarian cancers can
某些类型的乳腺和卵巢癌
also be passed down through families.
也会在家族中遗传
If there is a family history,
如果有这样的家族史
you and your doctor may decide that genetic counseling and
你和你的医生应该决定做一下
testing should be done.
遗传咨询和检测
So ask you mom, have you ever had an abnormal mammogram?
所以问你妈妈 是否曾经有异常的乳房X光摄影?
Or maybe an abnormal breast biopsy?
或者异常的乳房活检结果?
Have you ever been diagnosed with cancer?
她是否曾诊断出有癌症?
If so, how old were you when you were diagnosed?
如果有 那么是多大年纪的时候被诊断出来的?
And if you can’t speak with your mom,
如果你不方便直接问你妈妈
ask another family member about your medical history, as much as they know.
那么就尽可能去问其他家庭成员你家的家族病史
And then what you learn, share with your
然后将你了解的情况
doctor right away. So,
立刻告诉你的医生
being a female can also put you at risk
当然作为一个女性还有
for developing osteoporosis.
得骨质疏松的风险
Which can cause bones to become weak and brittle.
它能够导致骨头脆弱并容易断裂
And in some severe cases, even coffee or
在某些严重的病例中
a simple action like bending over can result in a break.
仅仅是喝咖啡或者类似弯腰的简单动作都可能导致骨折
One reason why women are more likely than men
女性比男性更容易得骨质疏松的一个原因是
to get osteoporosis is that estrogen,
雌激素的影响
that’s a hormone that of course can protect bones,
当然这是一种可以保护骨骼的激素
it decreases sharply once a woman
但一旦女性到了绝经期
reaches menopause.
它就会急剧减少
That can cause bone loss.
这样就导致了骨质流失
One in two women over the age of 50
二分之一五十岁以上的女性
will break a bone because of osteoporosis.
会因为骨质疏松而骨折
Staggering statistic.
这是惊人的统计数据
One in two women.
一半的女性有这个病症
And many people with osteoporosis don’t even know
甚至其中许多人是骨折之后
they have it until they break a bone.
才知道自己得了骨质疏松
If you have a parent who has a broken hip,
如果你的父母曾经髋关节折断过
you could be at increased risk.
那么你骨质疏松的危险系数就会提高
So you have to ask your mom, okay, mom have you
所以你必须问你妈妈 比如
ever had back pain, or have you lost height
妈妈你最近背疼过或者变矮了吗?
or had changes in your posture recently?
或者姿态发生变化吗?
And of course, you want to ask straight out
当然 你也可以直接问
have you ever broken or fractured a bone?
你曾经骨折过吗?
Let’s switch gears and get to another
让我们切换到另一个
important question for mom.
另一个对母亲很重要的问题
I’m eight months pregnant, and I’ve heard post-partum depression is common.
我怀孕八个月了 听说产后抑郁很常见
Is this something I should be concerned about? Definitely,
我需要为这个而担心吗?
it’s really important to ask your mother
毫无疑问 问你妈妈一些相关问题将非常重要
questions like, what was your pregnancy like?
比如你怀孕有什么反应?
And did you have symptoms of post partum depression? Now,
你有过产后抑郁症吗?
it is very common for women after the birth
现在对于女性来说 生完孩子之后
of their baby to feel sad and anxious and tired.
感到悲伤 焦虑和疲劳是很常见的
But if it becomes so severe that it becomes
但是如果变得很严重以至于
difficult to take care of themselves or others,
产妇难以照顾自己和他人
this may be post-partum depression.
那么就可能是产后抑郁了
Some research has shown that the genetics may
一些研究表明基因可能
play a role when it comes to post-partum depression.
对患产后抑郁起作用
If your mom suffered from it, speak with your doctor
如果你母亲曾患有产后抑郁 告诉你的医生
and he or she can put a plan in place to proactively
他或她会 制定计划以便积极应对产后抑郁
manage it, should you experience it as well. Now,
避免你也经历这种阶段
okay. Understandably there are some things
好吧 对于你和你的母亲来说
that are difficult for you and your mom to have a conversation about.
谈论某些话题会有困难 这可以理解
But the more questions you ask your mother,
但是你向母亲问得越多
and your dad as well, the better off you are
或者问父亲也可以 那么你就更能充分地
at having a full medical history.
得到一个完整的病史
You may learn things that are important
你会了解到一些
to your health, or the health of your children. Now,
对你或者你的子女健康重要的事情
there’s lots to know, lots of questions to
现在 你有很多事情需要知道
ask your mother. So,
很多问题需要去问你的母亲
on GetHealthyStayHealthy.com, we have a
所以 登陆GetHealthyStayHealthy.com
women’s health checklist.
你可以获得一张女性健康检查单
And you’ll also find there, questions about
也可以在那里找到
different topics that you may want to ask your mother.
你可能想要去问你母亲的不同主题的问题
Like menopause.
比如更年期
And of course while you’re there you can sign up
当然你也可以在网站上注册
for our monthly newsletter.
获得我们的每月通讯
Happy early Mothers Day! Oh,
提前祝母亲节快乐
thank you!
哦 谢谢

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视频概述

家族病史对女性健康的影响

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视频来源

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