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哈佛辩论队:成功之路 – 译学馆
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哈佛辩论队:成功之路

Harvard Debate Team: A History of Success

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#再来一次#
#once again#
大家好 我是Danny 我是哈佛的大三学生
Hi, I’m Danny. I’m a junior at Harvard
我学的是社会学同时我也是哈佛辩论队的主席
I study social studies and l’m the president of the Harvard debate team
我叫Sophia
My name is Sophia
是辩论队里的一名大二学生 主修哲学
And I’m a sophomore on the debate team. I study philosophy
同时也是辩论委员会里的一位公证员
And on the debate board,I am the equity officer
也就是说我的责任是确保这场辩论能被公众理解接受
which means I am responsible for making sure the debate is accessible to a wide variety of people.
嗨 我叫Cameron
Hi, I’m Cameron
是一名大二的学生 学的是政府分子细胞生物学
I am a sophomore at Harvard, studying molecular and cellular biology in government
同时我是辩论队的招办副主席
and I am the vice-president of recruitment on the debate team
我是John 我在哈佛主修哲学
I’m John. I’m a philosophy concentrator here at Harvard
是队里一名大二的学生
and I’m a sophomore on the debate team
我基本上负责后勤管理的工作
I mostly help with the logistics and managing the team
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我在高中时就是一名辩手
Uh, I debated in high school
我参加过林肯-道格拉斯辩论赛
Uh, I did Lincoln-Douglas debate
自然 进入大学后我还想加入辩论队
And then it was just natural that I figured I would debate in college as well
我高中时是学校的资深辩手
Uh, I was a long time high school debater
我花了很多时间参加高中林肯-道格拉斯辩论赛
I spent a substantial amount of time in high school Lincoln-Douglas
进入大学后 我认识了一些团队成员
and I knew some members of the team, going into the year
因此我很乐意尝试辩论的新模式
and so I was excited to try out a new format
并采用一些更有说服力的元素
and return to some of these more persuasive elements
这是我们高中的辩论模式所忽视的
that my high school debate format had less emphasis on it.
我在高中就参与辩论
In high school, I got involved in the debate
因为许多我崇拜的人物
because it was one of the activities at my school
都出自学校辩论队
that produced some of the people who I really admired
也因为我对介绍给我们的哲学元素很感兴趣
And because I was very interested in the philosophical elements that we were introduced to
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一起讨论各种各样的事
It’s fun to talk about all these different issues
并且能始终贯彻一个观点 是很有趣的
and always be able to enforce an opinion.
我实在喜欢辩论中那些竞争的元素
I actually love the competitive elements of debate
我认为 学着自我表达
I think it’s great to, kind of learn how to articulate youself
从而说服别人 是非常棒的
in a way where someone else is convinced and believes you
我也觉得 竞争能促使你
and I think that competitiveness really drives you to
更清晰地阐述自己的观点并迫使自己想出更棒的想法
articulate yourself better and push yourself to come up with better ideas, better examples
和用更好的例子来支撑更有说服力的论据
in a more convincing vision of your argument
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在高中辩论队时
Yeah,so in high school debate
你会事先知道辩题 并提前研究
you know the topic beforehand and you are expected to research
准备充足的论据
and complete evidence for it
可在大学辩论中
whereas in college debate either you are getting
你在发言前15分钟甚至7分钟才会得到辩论方向
the motion 15 minutes before you speak or even 7 minutes before you speak
所以你必须学识广博
So you have to have, like, a wealth of knowledge about the world at large, philosophy
比如哲学 社会运动 经济学 等等
Um, social movements, Um, economics
而且你要能够仅凭头脑中的储备提出有关论点
Um, and then you have to be able to come up with arguments on the fly about those
在这么短的时间内你几乎来不及查资料
Um, so you don’t really get, Um, to research during that time
你只有一个 可以叫做主文件的东西
Uh, you got, what’s called like a matter file
你和队友们可以在赛前整理资源
and so you and your partner can put together resources before a tournament
但这是你在那15分钟内仅有的信息
but, in that 15 minutes, it’s just information you already know
或是你能最快查到的东西 就像你的原料库
or things you can quickly look up and that, like binder of material you have
我在高中时做得更多的是公众演讲
So the difference between the public speaking I was doing more
这和大学辩论的区别在于
when I was in high school and then in college debate is
大学的辩论更为规范 你得适应许多专业术语
in college debate, it’s a little more formalised and there is a lot lingo you have to get used to
另外还有竞争性
and also the aspect of competitiveness
比如你或你的团队要在一场比赛中脱颖而出
and being the best person in the round or best team in the round
一场比赛有四轮初赛 然后就是淘汰赛
A tournament is four preliminary rounds and then a break-out rounds
所以初赛中成绩顶尖的队伍将同台比拼
so the top teams with the records coming out of prelims
直至进入决赛
will be arranged in a bracket and will compete until you are down to two finalists in a winner
得知即将参加辩论赛时你只能迫使自己沉着冷静
If you know that you have a debate tournament coming, you can always just force yourself to sit down
做好准备 规划全局
and then plan things out and schedule stuff
我认为辩论的独特性在于它非常灵活
but also I think the uniquely debate is incredibly flexible
由于我们每周末都有一场比赛所以你必须做出选择
because we have a tournament every weekend you gotta pick what you wanna go to
如果你周末已经很忙 你可以不去参加比赛
Um, if you’re already having a busy week, you can just not go to the tournament
或者如果你知道某一周会很空闲你需要选择参加哪个比赛
or if you know you have a easy week coming up, you know which tournament you wanna go to
所以你的辩论时间表是弹性的
so there is a lot of flexibility in your debate schedule.
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我想成为一名律师
Um, I think I wanna be a lawyer
所以 从辩论和举证的角度来说
so, in the sense that like arguing and using evidence applies
嗯从这个意义上讲
Um, in that sense
我的职业规划还不明晰
My future career plans are very much up for grabs
但我确信 不管我将来从事什么领域
but I am sure the skills that I learned in debate will be helpful regardless
我在辩论中学到的技能都是有用的
I think that any field can benefit from being able to
我学会了清晰地阐释想法 表明立场
formulate ideas and argue a position
我对进入Global House很感兴趣
So I think that I am really interested in going into Global House
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我想我们注重营造开放的环境欢迎每一个新成员
I think we put a big emphasis on just really being a welcoming environment for everyone
我们强调 参加哈佛辩论队无需高中辩论经验
and we stressed that you don’t need to have debated in high school to join the Harvard debate team
我们试图给每一个提供平台和空间
and we try to make a place for everyone
我认为他们注重 把你从现有的水平
I think the emphasis they put on taking you from whatever level you’re at to begin with
培养至足以参加辩论的水平不管你的基础如何
to level where you are able to the debate competitively
所以并不是说你必须拥有一定量的高中辩论经验
so it’s not in the sense that you have to have had X amount of high school experience
才能从他们提供的培训中受益
to benefit from the type of training they give you
而是如果他们觉得你是一个出色的公共演讲者或他们认为你有潜力
but if they think you are a good public speaker, if they think you have potential
他们就有从入门到精通的训练课程
they have training sessions ranging from the very basics of what’s debate 101
我认为这对你成长为一名辩手是很有帮助的
to like more complicated topics and I think that it really helps you to grow as a debater
进队时你不必有高中辩论的经验
and you don’t necessitate when need to coming in with debate in high school experience
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对正犹豫是否加入辩论队的同学我的建议是
yes my advice for a student is thinking about debate but doesn’t know is to try it
我非常理解这种想法当时我也对自己没有信心
I was definitely apprehend coming in. I didn’t think I’d be good enough
但我真的很享受在这儿辩论我觉得你也应该努力争取加入
but I really enjoyed it and I think that you should just go for it
试试吧
give it a shot
我强烈推荐你尝试一下
So I think I would recommend definitely trying it out
因为这里的很多学生一开始有些犹豫
because there are a lot of people who aren’t sure
但他们试过之后 最后爱上了辩论
and they try it out and they end up liking it
所有的大学活动都是如此
Uh, but also in this sort of true of any college activity
比起一年后后悔当初没有尝试
it’s better to try it out early
而自己已经不再有时间和精力去尝试新事物了
than a year later feel like you should have tried it out
不如现在就早早行动起来
but you are too busy now to take on something new
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听录译者

叶孝安

翻译译者

紫叶醡浆草

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豆子

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awuIAN1MZ4Y

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