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习惯收割机-为什么习惯很重要 动机vs自律 – 译学馆
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习惯收割机-为什么习惯很重要 动机vs自律

Habit Harvester - Why Habits are Important + Motivation vs Discipline

大家好 欢迎收看『习惯收割机』的第一集
Hey guys, welcome to the first video of Habit Harvester.
首先 我们要先谈谈人为什么需要习惯
Now, this first section, we’re going to talk a little bit about why we need a
及习惯到底是什么 许多人认为习惯非常重要
habit and what a habit is. So habits are especially important because a lot of
因为他们发现自己很难获得动力 但一旦你养成习惯
people find it very difficult to find motivation, and what happens is is if you
你就不需要动力了 你会惯性地坚持下去
don’t need motivation and the habit is already there. You will continue doing it
即使遇到困难也不会停止 比方说刷牙 没有人需要动力
even when it’s hard. So for example, you might brush your teeth. Nobody really
才会去刷牙 因为当你已经刷了30年的牙
needs motivation to brush their teeth, because if you’ve been doing it for
你只会认为这是睡前就应该做的事
thirty years, you just know that’s what you do before you go to bed. And it’s the
同样的 你可以培养一个阅读
same thing you can train yourself to read a book, you can train yourself to go
或是起床后骑行六英里的习惯
for a six mile bike ride when you wake up. There’s all kinds of habits that you
以及许多可以助你成功的好习惯 它们会让你受用终生
can start and implement that will help you become more successful later on in your life.
其中一些习惯甚至可以在几周之内就可以见到成效
And some of those you can even start cashing out within a couple weeks
因此 习惯非常重要 你不能依赖于动力
of starting. So habits are especially important because we cannot rely on
毕竟动力会消失
motivation, because motivation will go away.
你可能会因为一时兴起开始看书或尝试一项新的运动
You know you get motivated by reading in a book, or you get motivated by trying a
这里就有种相互作用 兴趣产生的动力会让你在一段时间内持续读书
new sport because it’s fun. And it’s interactive. And it gets you going, and
也许三个月也许六个月
then after a while, maybe three months, maybe six months down the road.
然后动力慢慢消失 你会在技能水平方面
The motivation goes away and you start to stall on your skill level. And there’s
或者学习的其它方面停滞在瓶颈期
just other aspects of learning something that you start to stall and you don’t
当动力渐渐消失 你也就失去兴趣了
love it as much when the motivation goes away. And what happens is hopefully in
但如果你能在初期阶段 比如开始存钱
those three to six months that you started the activity or started putting
或开始阅读的最初三到六个月期间
money into your bank account or started reading a book. Hopefully you have
能够养成习惯 那么当动力消失后你仍然
developed habits so that when that motivation goes away, you still have that
能够保持自律 而自律就是习惯的一种表现方式
discipline, and that discipline is in the form of a habit, that every day when I
每天起床后我会看三十分钟书或者骑行六英里
wake up I read 30 minutes, or every day when I wake up I’m going to go for a 6
一段时间之后这项习惯就定型了 也就成为了你的成功助力
mile bike ride. And over time they will compound, and they will fuel your success.
但另一面 你也可能养成坏习惯
Now the other side of the coin is you can have bad habits. You can smoke three
你可能每天都要抽三根或者半包烟 这种习惯也会定型
cigarettes a day, you can smoke half a pack a day, that will also compound and
然后成为你成功的阻碍 要知道如果你有抽烟的恶习
lead to the unsuccessful part of your life. You know you’ll have higher chances
你患肺癌的几率就大了 如果你是个烟鬼 大家可能就不愿意跟你多呆在一起
of lung cancer, your friends and family may not hang around you as often if you
在本课中我将帮助你辨别各种习惯
have a smoking habit. And in this course, I will aim to help you identify all the
思考是否能将好的习惯运用到你的成功路上
habits in your life, and reverse-engineer them, say is this going to help me to get
关于自律的一点就是没有多少人愿意让自己变得自律
to where I want to go. So the thing about discipline is not very many people want
这其中是有原因的
to become disciplined, and there’s a reason behind that. Some guys said I
我引用一些人的话——我不记得是谁说的了——大概意思就是
quote-I don’t remember who it is but-basically it said what differentiates
区分成功人士和普通人的 不是他们在情愿的时候做了什么
successful people from the rest of people is not what they do when they
而是当他们不情愿的时候能不能坚持下去
feel like but when they don’t feel like it.
任何人都可以登录YouTube学弹钢琴或者弹吉他
So anyone can go to YouTube and learn how to start playing a piano or playing a
但随着难度的增加 他们往往会失去兴趣
guitar. But what will happen is they will lose motivation and it will become hard.
他们会说 哦我已经学会了六种和弦 现在我不大想
They’ll be like, oh I’ve learned six chords and now I don’t feel like
继续学下去了 因为我已经学会了我想弹的歌
learning anymore because I’ve learned the song that I wanted. But what
而那些成功人士则不会这样
differentiates them from someone who is super successful is the fact that
他们会继续学习更多的和弦
someone that is super successful has continued to learn more chords. They
他们会继续进步 提升 挑战自己
continue to progress and advance and challenge themselves. In the cool thing
关于习惯很酷的一点就是 习惯一旦养成 一旦在你大脑的神经回路中就位
about habits is once they are formed, once they are locked in the neural
那么之前让你苦苦挣扎的那些困难 也会变得简单多了
pathways of your brain, they start to turn really difficult things, things that
例如让你每天坚持运动非常痛苦
you might struggle with into easier things. For example, you might struggle
那么现在你想想阿诺德·施瓦辛格 他一直坚持健身
working out everyday. Now, if you recall Arnold Schwarzenegger, he worked out all
但现在随着年龄增加 他发现坚持变得更容易了
the time but now that he’s in his older age, he finds that it’s way easier.
你觉得和从不健身的人相比 (他坚持健身)是不是更容易?
How much easier do you think it is for him to work out than it is for someone who
那么关于读书呢?读书越多
has never worked out before. Or what about reading The more you read, the
你的受益越大 一旦你养成这个习惯
better you get at it. So, once you have that habit formed, it’ll eventually
它必将反馈于你 你的阅读速度会更快 你读的书会更多
compound and you’ll read faster, and you’ll read more, and then by the time
每天读书三十分钟 当你到了六十岁或者七十岁
you’re 60 or 70, imagine how much knowledge you can accumulate just by
想象一下你能够积攒多么可观的知识量 所以这就是我们生活中必须要有习惯的原因
reading 30 minutes a day. So this is why we have to have habits in our lives,
因为有太多重要的事情需要我们习惯性的去做
because there’s a lot of important aspects that we don’t think about and
关于习惯的另一点就是习惯其实是潜意识的
another thing about habits is…is that they’re really subconscious, which means
意思就是我们不会刻意地时时想着它
we don’t think about them consciously. You know you don’t think about, you know,
当你每天开车上班的时候你不会去想开车的路线 毕竟这条路你天天都走 已经走了六年了
when you’re driving to work. That route that you take every day and you’ve taken
你甚至不会去想 “哦 在这里我该打转向灯转弯了”
for the last six years. You might not even think about, Oh I need to turn my
你就是自动完成这一系列动作的
blinker on here and then I need a turn. You just, you automatically. It’s a habit
这就是在你大脑已经建立的神经回路
your brain has established that neural pathway, and that’s what you do when
当你走到十字路口时这个回路会自动指挥你的行为
you’re at the intersection, and if you can, if you can copy and paste
如果你能够把你大脑的这种模式复制粘贴于其他习惯 比如阅读 锻炼
basically that section of your brain into other habits like reading, working
比如尝试活得更健康 更有钱 更有爱 更快乐
out, trying to find new investments in your health, wealth, love and happiness.
你只需要理解习惯是什么 并且运用它 运用到其它领域
And just understanding what a habit is, reverse engineering it, and using it to
以提升自我获得成功 这就是我们这节课的目的所在
boost your success. That’s what the objective of this course is. So, one last
关于习惯的最后一点就是 随着时间推移 习惯会变得像混凝土一样坚不可破
thing about habits is that they harden like concrete over time, and they
它会回馈于你 我想我之前提到过这点 但举个例子
compound, and I think I mentioned this earlier but for example, let’s say you
假如你每天将三美元存入一个投资账户中
have three dollars every day and you put that into an investment account, so three
每天三美元 不久之后就会成效显著
dollars every day. You know, for a while, it’s gonna start getting tough, because
因为可能你甚至注意不到这每天三美元的支出
three dollars every day, you might not even notice it out of your checking
但如果你能够系统的坚持投资三美元
account, but if your can systemly taking three dollars, you know,
而不是用它来买咖啡或者买棒棒糖
not buying that cup of coffee, or not buying that candy bar, and taking that
把三美元节省下来存入投资账户
three dollars and putting it into an investment account. It will start to
它就会回馈 会变成你无意识的习惯
compound. It’ll become a habit you won’t think about it. But the results of it
而结果毫无疑问会非常显著 如果你在二十岁开始那么到了六十岁
will definitely be shown. If you start at age 20 and you end at age 60, 3 dollars
每天三美元 你的账户中将有超过七十万美元
everyday, you will have an account worth over seven hundred thousand dollars now.
另一个例子就是饮酒 如果你从二十岁开始每天喝酒
Another example is alcohol. If you have alcohol every day from the age that you
那么到了六十岁 你的健康 财富 爱情 幸福
are 20, to the age you are 60, there are going to be some unimaginable effects in
都会受到不可想象的影响
your health, wealth, love, and happiness aspects of your life. Habits can be
习惯可能是积极的 但它同样可能是消极的 在下一章节
positive, but they can also be negative. And in the next section, we’re going to
我们将谈谈如何识别坏习惯 如何摆脱坏习惯
talk about identifying bad habits, how to get rid of them, how to replace them with
如何用更好的习惯取代它们 如何独立培养新的习惯
better habits, and how to create new habits stand alone. So from this video
从这个视频中你需要理解 当动力消失
you need to understand that when motivation goes away, you have to have
你必须自律 而自律会自我增强并变成习惯
discipline, and discipline manifests itself as a habbit. So the more
因此你的习惯越多 你的成功的、积极的、正能量的习惯越多
habits you have the more successful, positive, accelerating habits you have in your life.
你距离成功就会越近 反之也是如此
You will boost your success but it works the other way too, because
因为你同样需要摆脱你的坏习惯
you also have to get rid of your negative habits. And if you do both of
如果你两个方向同时发力 如果你在培养好习惯的同时尽力摆脱坏习惯
these, if you build positive habits and get rid of negative habits, over time you
坚持下去你会看到你的生活开始变得更加美好 你会看到你的生活有了许多积极的变化
will see your life start to flourish. You will see many positive changes in your
那些曾经感到很困难的事情也开始变得简单
life. And things that were once difficult will start to become easy, because you’ll
因为你理解了大脑与习惯相关的这部分工作机理
understand your part of the brain that has to do with habits. You’ll understand
你就会理解习惯的回馈过程 以及如何培养习惯
the cue habit reward process, and how you can implement that, and how you can
如何培养更多的习惯 所以让我们看看下一章节的内容
implement that to create more habits. So, let’s move on to the next section of
寻找并尝试摆脱坏习惯
finding bad habits and trying to get rid of them.
如果大家喜欢这个视频并且想要阅读我写的书
If you guys enjoyed that video and want to read the book I wrote, that it came
可以在亚马逊搜索『习惯收割机』或者点击详情介绍中的链接
from search Amazon for Habit Harvester. Or click link in the description.
书很薄 坐下一口气就能看完
The book is short enough to read in one sitting, but it’s jam-packed with tons of
但所携带的信息量却很大 就像你在视屏中看到的这样
information, just like you saw in this video.
实际上我也加入了一些额外的故事 并修正了
In fact, I’ve also added a few extra stories, and fix some of the errors found
视频课程内容中的一些错误 书中还会有不少很棒的插图帮助你
in this video course. There’s also plenty of amazing illustrations to aid in the
掌握学习流程 增加阅读乐趣 如果你感兴趣
learning process and keep the book fun to read. If you’re interested, you can buy
还可以花2.99美元购买Kindle版电子书 或者购买Kindle包月畅读服务
the Kindle version for $2.99, or sign up for a month of Kindle
这样就可以免费获得了 我自己就是包月用户
unlimited to get it for free, which is what I personally use. And you get access
你还可以读到成千上万的其它电子书 以及上千本有声书
to millions of other ebooks and thousands of audiobooks included in your
都包含在你的Kindle畅读会员特权中 当你购买Kindle版之后你甚至不需要
Kindle unlimited membership. When you buy the Kindle version, you don’t even need a
有Kindle阅读器 你可以下载Kindle客户端到智能手机上
Kindle to read it. You can download the Kindle app on your smart phone, download
安装在电脑上 甚至可以在amazon.com云服务网站在线阅读
the software for PC, or even read it on amazon.com through their cloud server.
如果你想要观看这个系列其他视频
If you want to watch the rest of the videos in this series, click this thingy or
点击这里这个东西或者查看详情介绍中的链接以获得播放列表
check the link in the description for a playlist. Thank you guys so much for
非常感谢大家的观看
watching.

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视频概述

动机的激励作用会消失 而自律则会自我增强成为习惯

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

AF

审核员

审核员U

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qlkeWbKmlHA

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