未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

成长型心态与固化型心态

Growth Mindset vs. Fixed Mindset

There are two types of mindset we can cultivate:
面对问题 我们会发展出两种心态
one that embraces problems as opportunities to learn,
一种是将问题视为学习的机会
and one that avoids them often out of fear to fail.
另一种则是因为害怕失败而逃避问题
People that avoid conflicts can be described as having a fixed mindset.
逃避问题冲突的人拥有固化型心态
Those who see problems as interesting challenges have a growth mindset.
将问题视为有趣的机遇的人拥有成长型心态
Sometimes we like to switch from one to the other.
有时 人们会将这两种心态相互转换
People have a fixed mindset because they believe that basic qualities
固化型心态的人相信自己的基本技能
like intelligence or talents are fixed traits,
像智力 才华是固定不变的特质
and that these traits are responsible for success.
并且这些特质是成功的关键
They often like to document past achievements.
他们经常喜欢记录自己过去的成就
With a growth mindset, people believe that new abilities
而拥有成长型心态的人则相信
can be developed through practice.
新技能可以在实践中培养
This view creates the love for learning
成长型心态会激起人对学习的热爱
that most great leaders and artists have in common.
许多伟大领袖和艺术家都是这种心态
For them, life becomes an exciting journey
对他们来说 生活是一段激动人心的旅程
with endless opportunity to figure out new things and advance.
有无穷无尽的机会去进取和发现新的事物
To develop a growth mindset, Dr. Carol Dweck,
为了培养成长型心态 斯坦福大学的教授
the Stanford University professor who coined the term,
卡罗尔·德韦克博士创造了这个名词
advises leaders, teachers, and parents to celebrate trying.
他建议领导 老师和家长踊跃尝试
Teachers should applaud students for any grade if they studied hard.
老师应该为学生的努力喝彩 不论成绩好坏
Parents should encourage their children to develop any new skill they are interested in.
父母应鼓励孩子学习任何他们感兴趣的新技能
Doing this will make them learn the skill of learning,
这样做会让孩子学会学习的技巧
which will also help them back in the classroom.
这也会帮助孩子回归课堂
To illustrate the difference in everyday life,
为了说明这两种心态在生活中的不同
let’s observe two imaginary kids.
让我们虚构两个例子 进行说明
Jay thinks you’ve either got it or you haven’t.
杰认为技能 你要么有要么没有
Ann knows that she can learn anything if she wants it enough.
安知道只要她想学 她什么技能都能学会
At physical exercise, Jay avoids challenges.
在体育锻炼时 杰逃避挑战
When it’s time to jump over the vaulting horse,
当跳马的时候
he’s afraid to look stupid and being laughed at.
杰害怕自己显得愚蠢和被嘲笑
Ann embraces any challenge.
安则不惧任何挑战
It’s exciting. It’s fun.
挑战越惊险 就越有趣
She knows that failing is part of learning,
她知道失败是学习的一部分
and if she tries hard, at the end nobody will laugh at her.
并且她拼尽全力 到最后再无人嘲笑她
Jay avoids feedback.
杰则避免反馈
If the teacher tells him how to improve an assignment he has been working on,
即使老师告诉他提高做事效率的方法
he takes it personally.
他认为老师是针对他
Ann knows that to improve she needs to listen to constructive criticism.
安知道 提升自己 需要听取别人有建设性的批评
She also understands that it’s not her that is being assessed,
她也明白 被评估的不是她自己
but the results of her work on that one day.
而是她那一天的工作成果
Jay always take the easy road.
杰总是选择容易走的道路
For example, he likes escalators and hates to take the stairs.
例如 他喜欢自动扶梯而讨厌走楼梯
When he is practicing the guitar,
当他练习吉他的时候
he stops the moment he is getting stuck.
只要被难住 他就会停下来
Ann usually doesn’t even take escalators.
安通常连自动扶梯都不坐
She jumps up the stairs, counts every step in her head,
她跳上楼梯 用脑子数着每一步
and enjoys feeling the blood rushing through her veins.
并且享受血液在血管里流动的感觉
She practices the drums every morning for 15 minutes.
她每天早上练15分钟的鼓
Not that she always enjoys it,
她并不总是享受练鼓
but she knows that effort is part of a journey to a more fun life.
但她知道 努力是有趣生活之旅的一部分
Ann likes to see others succeed.
安喜欢看到别人成功
It inspires her.
这会给她启发
She knows that if she motivates her friends to get better,
她知道朋友受到她的激励会变得更好
she herself is likely to grow too.
她自己也会从中成长
If his friends try new things and succeed,
杰的朋友如果尝试新事物成功了
Jay feels threatened.
杰会有危机感
He’s afraid that their success
他害怕朋友的成功
will put pressure on him to do more with his life too.
因为这会带给他压力 迫使他做更多的事
Modern companies look for employees with a growth mindset,
现代公司都希望员工具有成长型心态
because they solve problems and persist despite obstacles.
因为这会使员工处理问题时 遇到障碍也坚持不懈
To spot the right ones, some ask during the interview
为了找到合适的人选 有些公司会在面试时
whether the job applicant believes if managers are born
询问求职者 是否相信经理是天生的
or if management is a skill learned.
或者管理者是否需要学习
Jay thinks that managers are born.
杰认为管理者是天生的
Ann gets the job.
安得到了这份工作
Neuroscientists support the idea.
神经科学家也支持成长型心态
They confirm that the brain grows
他们证实了大脑的发展
like any other muscle in the body: with training.
同人体的任何肌肉生长一样 需要训练
Studies show that adopted twins tend to have higher intelligence
研究表明 被收养的双胞胎的智商要高于
compared to their siblings who stayed
他们留下来的兄弟姐妹
with their biological parents.
以及他们的亲生父母
The difference appears to come
似乎这种差别的出现
from the higher educational levels of adoptive parents
来自于养父母的教育水平较高
and shows that nurture is more important than nature.
这也表明教育比天性更重要
A simple switch in how a person views a situation
一个人对某件事情看法的简单转换
can mean the world of difference,
就意味着截然不同的世界
not just the outcome of that situation,
不仅仅是事情的结果
the outcome of that person’s place in life.
也是对自己生活中所处位置的结果的转变
As the late poet Samuel Beckett once said,
正如已故诗人塞缪尔·贝克特所说
“Ever tried. “Ever failed. “No matter.
一次次尝试 一次次失败 都没关系
“Try again. “Fail again. Fail better.”
屡试屡败 即使失败 也败得更出彩!
What do you think about the concept?
你如何看待这种观念
Is it overly simplistic?
它是否过于简单
And if you buy the idea,
如果你相信这个想法
do you believe it is possible to make a permanent switch
你认为从固化型心态到成长型心态
from a fixed to a growth mindset?
有可能进行永久性的转换
Please share your thoughts in the comment section below.
可以在下面的评论区分享你的想法

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

能力是天生的,你信吗?拥有固化型心态的人对此深信不疑;而拥有成长型心态的人则认为任何技能都需要学习和实践。你认为呢?这两种心态可以互相转换吗?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

方芳芳

审核员

审核员RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUWn_TJTrnU

相关推荐