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如何正确种植葡萄

Grow Your Own Grapes — the Right Way

亲爱的观众们 大家好 我是Nicole
Hello, lovely people! Nicole here.
我现在在加利福尼亚州南部的一个朋友家里
I am staying at a friend’s house in Southern California.
并且实际上 他们的名下有一个小葡萄园
And they actually have their own little vineyard right here on their property.
我会利用葡萄园向你们展示
And I thought it would be really neat to show you
种植葡萄的正确方法
how to grow grapes the right way.
对这里而言 现在是一年中最有趣的时刻
It’s a particularly interesting time of year to be here,
因为这些葡萄藤刚刚从冬眠中苏醒过来
because these vines are just waking up from their winter slumber.
[音乐]
[Music]
再过几天 它们就会不停伸展
In a few days, these will be reaching up,
并生出卷须来试图攀着这些钢线
and growing tendrils that will grab onto these wires
让自己不断向上生长
and will lift themselves up.
如果我们夏天来到这里
And if we were here in the summertime,
就会看到这些钢线上爬满藤蔓和树叶
these wires would just be full of vines and leaves,
最终挂满葡萄
and eventually grapes hanging down.
通常 入春前是修剪葡萄藤的最佳时间
Now, when you prune grapevines, you actually prune them just before the spring.
所以这些葡萄藤都是刚不久被修剪过
So these these have just been newly cut.
为了能让新的枝叶生长
All of that old growth from last summer
去年夏天的旧枝老叶全部都要修剪掉
has been cut away to allow for the new growth.
[音乐]
[Music]
这些葡萄藤的品种为丹魄
These vines are called Tempranillo,
是一种传统上用于调配和酿酒的西班牙品种
which is a Spanish variety traditionally used for blending and wine.
所以它们不是食用葡萄
So these are not table grapes.
它们的果皮有点厚 很难嚼
Their skins are a bit too thick and chewy.
你不会想吃的
You don’t want to really eat these.
这个品种的奇妙之处在于
What is wonderful about this variety is that
它的命名诠释了它成熟时期的特性
the clue to their ripening stage is in their name.
temprano这个词在西班牙语中意为“早”
So the word, temprano, in spanish means early.
因此丹魄是一种早熟品种
And Tempranillo is an early ripening variety.
所以 比起通常用作酿酒的其他品种
So these grapes will ripen before a lot of other varieties,
丹魄成熟期更短
that are typically grown for wine.
但我真正想给你们展示的是
But what I really would love to show you is,
葡萄园的构造以及他们浇灌葡萄藤的方式
the structure and also how they water these vines,
这是一种无与伦比的可持续灌溉葡萄园的方法
which is an incredibly sustainable way of watering a vineyard.
这里的构造如你所见
So as you can see, the structure here.
主木桩遍及整个葡萄园
We’ve got main wooden posts going throughout,
而这些金属柱则用于引导钢线
with these metal posts that are kind of the guides for the wires.
它们在这里有一个小缺口
They have a little notch here
你可以把钢线插进去 穿过洞
that you feed the wire into and it gets into the hole.
这看起来很棒很牢固 不是吗?
And it and it’s nice and sturdy, right?
葡萄藤的树干长了出来
The trunks of the vines come up.
而且它们有点像是……被固定在上面了
And there they’ve got little… It’s kind of poles attached,
这只是一种控制葡萄藤生长方向的手段
to just sort of train them on where they should go.
然后引导葡萄藤向各个方向生长
And then they’ve been trained to go each way.
我喜欢这个特别的葡萄园的原因是
Now what I love about this particular vineyard
这里的灌溉水都来自于屋檐雨水槽储蓄的水
is that this water all comes from water caught by the gutters of the house.
所有雨水槽将水输送到一个水箱中
So the gutters are feeding the water into a cistern.
并且通过一根管子将供水桶中的水供给到地下
And that main barrel has a pipe that feeds under the ground,
然后水会被提升至每一排葡萄藤的起点处
and comes up at the beginning of each one of these rows,
沿着这根黑色水管流动
and then runs along this black water pipe.
这根黑色水管靠近每根葡萄藤
And this black water pipe has, at each stem,
每株葡萄藤的根部旁都有一个喷嘴
nearly each stem, a spout at each basically root base,
这样一来水就不会被浪费
so that the water is not being wasted.
也不会过度灌溉
And it’s not being over watered.
而是精确灌溉
It is just pinpoint precision watering.
[音乐]
[Music]
在这样一个容易干旱的地区
In a drought-prone area such as this,
他们也没有耗尽地下水源
they are not depleting the water table.
我认为这对其他种植葡萄的人来说是一个很好的灵感
And that’s why I find this such an inspirational way to grow your own grapes.
[音乐]
[Music]

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视频概述

在一个干旱地区如何节水地种植葡萄?这个葡萄园有独特的种植方法。

听录译者

温拿今天回归了吗

翻译译者

路痴

审核员

审核员_BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2QJQrAJ7vc

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