未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

大猩猩vs熊 - 谁会赢? - 动物比较

Gorilla vs Bear - Who Would Win? - Animal Comparison

我们曾创造过令人闻之色变的假想军备竞赛
We’ve created quite a few serious-sounding hypothetical military match-ups in the past,
那么今天 我们来点轻松的假想一下名流们的死亡竞赛
so today we thought we’d tread lightly and create a kind of amusing celebrity death-match,
仅限于动物哦
only with animals.
别担心 本视频制作中并没有任何动物受伤
Don’t worry, no animals were hurt during the making of this video.
两种动物看起来很相近甚至势均力敌 但同时他们也有着差异甚大的
The two animals seem fairly evenly matched, but at the same time they have very different
技能定位
skill-sets.
事实上 关于谁会在危机四伏的丛林或是森林中取胜的问题
In fact, the question of who would be the winner of this potentially gruesome rumble
争论已遍及了整个互联网
in the jungle – or forest – has been the subject of widespread disagreement all over
甚至超过了网络的范围
the web and beyond.
我们希望通过将这两种神奇的野兽圈在一个笼子里的方式 能揭开一些有趣的真相
We hope that by pitting together these two wonderful beasts we might reveal a few interesting
或是能推动进一步的调查
facts, or even provoke further examination.
我们同时也会提醒我们的观众 节目中的一些物种可能在不久的将来
We might also remind our viewers that some of the species in this show might soon be
就会消失
wiped-out of existence.
言归正传 欢迎收看本次图说片段
Without further ado, welcome to this episode of the Infographics Show, the gorilla vs.
大猩猩VS熊
the bear.
别忘了给我们点赞 点击铃钮
Don’t forget to subscribe and click the bell button so that you can be part of our
这样就会收到我们的通知了
Notification Squad.
首先 你会想知道我们提到的是哪种熊
First of all, you might be wondering what type of bear we are talking about: the polar
北极熊 灰熊 黑熊 或是有一定经纬度要求的
bear, the grizzly bear, the black bear, or the very much vertically and horizontally
树袋熊?
challenged koala bear?
熊一共有8个种 因为方方面面的原因 没有一种看起来会
There are 8 species of bear, none of which are likely to get into a tangle with a gorilla
和大猩猩扯上关系 可以说 大多是因为这两个物种不会踏入对方的
due to a lot of reasons but mostly because the two species don’t hang-out in each other’s
领地一步
yards, so to speak.
今天我们选择的熊在我们看来能给我们带来最有趣的熊猩大战
Today we’ll choose the bear we think would make the most interesting gorilla-bear battle.
这8种熊分别是:亚洲熊 黑熊 棕熊 猫熊
The 8 species of bear are: the Asiatic bear, the black bear, the brown bear, the panda
北极熊 懒熊 眼睛熊以及马来熊
bear, the polar bear, the sloth bear, the spectacled bear, and the sun bear.
还有很多熊的亚种
There are also many more subspecies of these bears.
这些毛蓬大兽中没有一种在自然条件下会卷入和地球上最大的
None of these furry mammals are ever naturally involved in turf infractions with our largest
类人猿的地盘冲突 即使一些恶劣的视频尝试着拍出来这些
great apes, although a few badly made videos attempt to show such a thing.
大猩猩有两个种 四个亚种
There are two gorilla species and four sub-species.
两个种分别是东部大猩猩和西部大猩猩
The two species are the Eastern gorilla and the Western gorilla.
东部包括山地大猩猩和东部低地猩猩
The Eastern species includes the mountain gorilla and the eastern lowland gorilla.
西部种包括克罗斯河猩猩以及西部低地猩猩
The western species includes the Cross River gorilla and the western lowland gorilla.
这些类人猿都分布在中非 相似的是他们在
All these great apes are residents of Central Africa, and while similar, they do have noticeable
体型大小 面部特征 体毛和肤色上有着明显的区别
differences regarding size, facial features, body hair and skin tone.
那么 我们该选哪一个呢
So, who should we choose?
不如选个大块头吧 东部大猩猩
Why not the biggest of the bunch, which is the Eastern gorilla.
体型最大的熊是北极熊 不过这样的搭配看起来有些荒唐 难以置信
The biggest bear is the polar bear, but because this match-up seems too ridiculous to believe,
我们将选择灰熊
we are going to say the grizzly bear.
灰熊有时也能长到和北极熊一样的体型 而且无论从审美上还是地理分布上
The grizzly sometimes grows as big as a polar bear, and aesthetically, geographically, the
这样的战斗能更有意义
fight makes more sense.
东部大猩猩有着所有灵长类动物中最大的块头
The Eastern gorilla is the biggest of all primates.
成年雄性 也就是银背大猩猩 在大猩猩世界中是个相当大的家伙
The adult males, known as silverbacks, are in the gorilla world pretty big dudes, weighing
体重可达200kg站起来可高达165cm
around 440 pounds and standing about five feet five inches.
至于灰熊 则拥有着相当大的体型
As for grizzly bears that have been endowed with a fairly large stature, they can weigh
它们的体重可达358kg左右 站起来高可达304cm
around 790 pounds, and when standing can be as tall as 10 feet.
在这里必须要说明的一点是灰熊种类有很多
We must note that there are many kinds of grizzly bears, all of which are kinds of brown
它们全都属于棕熊的种类 所以也能找到一个200kg重量级的对手
bears, so it’s possible to find one that makes the weight for a 440 pound weight limit
来一场巨兽间的世纪之战
in the animal fight of the century.
181kg的灰熊算是个小个子了 但它在战斗中的优势
A 400 pound grizzly would be a small one, but it would still have the advantage of coming
依旧在于有着一排像刀子一样锋利的爪子
to the fight legally equipped with a bunch of very sharp knives.
大猩猩通常寿命稍长——只要它们能逃过疯狂人类的捕杀
Gorillas usually live a lot longer – if they can escape being hunted by pesky people
它们理所当然能活到35-40岁
of course – at around 35-40 years old.
灰熊的寿命一般有25年
Grizzly’s generally live to about 25 years old.
为了这场想象中的较量 我们选择两只
For the purpose of the hypothetical punch-up we’ll pick two strapping adults in their
正值青年的强壮成年个体
prime.
铃声响起 第一回合
Ding ding, round one.
一致的观点是 大猩猩是这个星球上最强壮的动物
The consensus is that the gorilla is one of the strongest animals on the planet, able
能够举起接近它们体重10倍的物体
to lift something close to 10 times its own body weight.
那差不多有1995kg 足够毫不费力地把一头灰熊扔下擂台
That’s around 4,400 pounds, enough to easily get a grizzly out of its stance.
不过这也取决于熊的体型
Again, it all depends on the size of the bear.
一只体重200kg的内陆灰熊可能轻易就被丢出去
An inland 440 pound grizzly might get thrown around with ease, but not so much a 1,300
但是一只590kg的海岸大灰熊在中等体型的贵宾犬看起来就如同冰箱一样巨大
pound giant coastal grizzly that would look like a refrigerator to a medium-sized poodle.
灰熊力量上逊于大猩猩
Grizzly bears are not as strong as gorillas, but when their strength was tested in a study
但在蒙大拿州大学的力量测试中 发现它们能轻松把玩
at Montana University it was found that they were very able to flip around a 700-pound
重达318kg的垃圾桶
dumpster.
那足够把同类对手从这棵树扔到另一棵上
That’s enough strength to throw its gorilla opponent from tree to tree.
需要强调的一点是相同重量级下猩猩依靠的是吊炸天的臂力
The important thing to note is that an equal-weight gorilla would be relying on its superior strength,
在录像中保存的资料显示灵长类推到树
which has been documented in videos showing the primates pulling down trees and dragging
拖着人类 就像拖着的只是树枝
humans as if they were nothing but twigs.
另一方面 熊靠的是装备 换句话说 就是它致命性的
The bear on the other hand would be relying on its armory, in others words its killer
爪子和绞肉机般的利齿
claws and meat-shredding teeth.
一头灰熊有42颗牙齿 一部分用来撕开肉
A grizzly has 42 teeth, some of which were designed to rip through flesh.
另一边的大猩猩有32颗牙齿 也有着恐怖的巨大犬齿
The gorilla on the other hand has 32 teeth, with very large scary looking fangs.
显然它们的犬齿只是为了恐吓
That’s part of the reason they have fangs apparently, just to scare things.
与熊不同 大猩猩的牙齿用来进食植物
Unlike the bear, the gorilla uses its teeth to eat plants.
这一点在战斗中也有着优势 因为有些植物
This has a benefit though in terms of our fight, and that is that some of those plants
口感真是粗糙到爆
are pretty damn tough.
想象一下一口咬断竹子和咬掉一块三明治的差别吧
Imagine biting through a bamboo shoot sandwich.
列表显示了最强有力的咬合
Lists have appeared featuring the strongest animal bites, which is measured by Pound per
单位是磅/平方英寸 或Ψ
Square Inch, or psi.
一张表上 灰熊以1250单位的咬合力排在第7 但是大猩猩
On one list, the grizzly bear came in 7th with a psi of 1,250, but the gorilla took
凭着1300单位的咬合力排在第5
5th spot with a psi of 1,300.
平静状态下的大猩猩不会想要战斗 除非熊
While the peaceful gorilla is said to be not too keen on fighting, if the bear got close
过于靠近它们的家庭 那么 你可以肯定那1300Ψ的尖牙就能派上用场了
to its family you can bet those thirteen hundred psi giant fangs would soon come into play.
不过 熊还拥有长至12.7cm的利爪
Still, the bear also comes strapped with long claws that can grow up to 5 inches.
对于大猩猩来说就是噩梦了
For a gorilla this would look something like A Nightmare on Nature Street.
有传言说一只灰熊一掌就能拍死一头驼鹿
It’s been said that a grizzly bear can decapitate a moose with one swipe.
但这种说法的证据还不足 但大部分相信的人
While there is little evidence to back this up, most believers in the one-swipe-wonder
都引证了雅各布·麦克唐纳森博士的研究
bear cite a study by American biologist Dr. Jacob MacDonaldson.
这名优秀的学者写到 他被那块血肉模糊的肉吓了一跳
The good doctor wrote that he had marveled such a bloody feat.
大猩猩速度很快 可达40km/h
A gorilla is pretty fast, able to run up to speeds of 25 mph, but a bear can get up to
但熊能达到56km/h左右的速度
speeds of around 35 mph.
不过要战斗的双方都不会逃跑 所以这也没什么意义
Neither of our contestants are running away, so it doesn’t really matter.
那么问题来了 谁更灵活?
The question is, who is the most agile?
科学界没有答案 但如果你相信军事艺术狂热分子和博客哲学家乔伊·罗根的看法
Science doesn’t have the answers, but if you believe martial arts enthusiast and podcast philosopher Joe Rogan,
这两只基本上势均力敌 但大猩猩在速度和灵活性上
the two are evenly matched with the gorilla possibly having superior
更胜一筹
speed and agility.
结果看来只能靠熊在大猩猩近身
The outcome would likely depend solely on if the bear could get a potentially life-ending
并用灵活的手指和强大的臂力把熊的下巴拽脱臼前
strike in before the gorilla could get in close and pull the bear’s jaw apart with
挥出的致命一掌能够击中
its nimble fingers and very strong hands.
想象一下乔伊·罗根持着双刀跟你对抗 那么你只能一命呜呼了
Imagine attacking Joe Rogan with a knife in each hand, you could still end up the loser.
很多人把重点放在了熊是肉食动物
A lot of emphasis has been put on the bear being a carnivore, and the gorilla being a
而大猩猩是个吃素的 但这无关紧要
herbivore, but this shouldn’t really matter as the gorilla is obviously capable of protecting
因为大猩猩明显更善于保护自己和家庭
itself and its family.
按照饮食习惯会影响力量和杀戮欲 一些人会认为成吉思汗也是个素食主义者
In terms of diet affecting strength and bloodlust, some people say that Genghis Khan was a vegetarian.
不幸的是 这个假设还没被那么多实事求是的科学家们推翻
Unfortunately, this hypothetical fight has not been debated by many actual scientists,
如果他们不想被炒鱿鱼的话 或许永远都不会
and probably never will if they want to keep their day jobs.
最贴切的专家评论 看上去多少有些偏激 因为它来自于
The closest to expert commentary out there seems a little biased, as it comes from a
黄石公园的一位研究熊的生物学家
Yellowstone National Park bear biologist.
他断言到 熊绝对会是胜利者
His assertion was, make no mistake, the bear would win.
天体物理学家及多领域的一般学者尼尔·德格拉塞·泰森
Astrophysicist and general expert in many things scientific, Neil deGrasse Tyson, was
曾经问过谁会胜出的问题
once asked who would win in this fight.
为了阐释自己的观点 他的回答是更大的敌人通常在自然中获胜
His answer, to paraphrase him, was the bigger foe in nature generally comes out the winner.
他补充道:例外会改变力量平衡 但是他的钱却花在了
He did add, “exceptions could change the balance of power” but his money was on the
人类与四足哺乳动物间的斗争史上
four-legged mammalian with the history of mortal combat.
我们都知道的一点 我们想要保护所有的大猩猩 因为
One thing we know is that we want to keep all the gorillas we have, seeing that all
它们所有的物种都处于濒危状态
species and sub-species are now critically endangered.
这种美丽的生物与人类有着98.3%相同的DNA 是除黑猩猩及倭黑猩猩外
The beautiful animals share 98.3% of their DNA with humans, and are the closest to us
离人类最近的物种
after chimpanzees and bonobos.
人类才是大猩猩的最大威胁 破坏它们的领地
Humans are the greatest threat to gorillas, destroying their habitat and turning them
将他们供桌上餐
into meat.
现今 东部低地大猩猩的生存处于危险之中
The gorilla in question today, the Eastern lowland gorilla, has a precarious existence.
只有4000只左右 而东部山地大猩猩
It’s thought there are only about 4,000 of them left, while there are only around
野生条件下只有880只左右苟延残喘
880 Eastern mountain gorillas living in the wild.
说到这儿 今天的节目接近尾声了
On that note, we come to the end of today’s show.
希望各位能享受到比较这两种动物重量级的乐趣
We hope you’ve had fun comparing these two animal heavyweights.
下次节目我们应该比较哪些动物呢
Which animals should we compare next?
请在评论区留言告诉我们
Let us know in the comments!
还有 别忘了看我们另一视频:比尔盖茨VS普通美国人
Also, be sure to check out our other video called Bill Gates vs the Average American!
感谢观赏 别忘了分享点赞哦
Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t forget to like, share, and subscribe.
下回再见~
See you next time!

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

结果或许出人意料哦~

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

HOUKI

审核员

T

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOL1Kwd9rnk

相关推荐
笨蛇