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如何圆满完成堆成山的工作 – 译学馆
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如何圆满完成堆成山的工作

Getting Things Done - How to Get MASSIVE Loads of Work Done EVERY DAY

假设你有一大堆的事情需要完成
Let’s say that you have a bunch of things that you need to get done.
你可能会写一个待办清单 或把它们记在脑子里
you probably write out a little to-do list or you keep a mental note,
但这些方法有多有效呢
but just how effective are these methods.
我知道 对大多数人来说 本来四个小时就能完成的一篇文章
I know, for a lot of people, an essay that could have been finished in four hours
常常会变成四天的折磨
becomes a four-day ordeal.
本可在45分钟内轻松完成的作业 要花上整晚的时间
Homework that could have easily been done in 45 minutes ends up taking all night.
那么 怎样才能尽可能高效快速地完成任务呢?
So, how do we get things done as efficiently and as fast as possible?
答案就在于你列清单的方式
the answer lies in the way you make your list.
我给你举个例子:当我为这个频道录制视频时
I’ll give you an example: when it comes to making videos for this channel,
制作一个视频要花费我六到十个小时
it takes me anywhere from six to ten hours of work to produce one video.
尽管它要花费这么多时间 我经常只在一天之内就能完成所有这些工作
Even though it takes this many hours, I am frequently able to do all of these work in just one day
我怎么做的呢?
How do I do it?
我做的是 提前一天计划好所有要做的事
What I do is I planned out all of the things I have to do the day before.
我用一个像这样的白板
I use a whiteboard like this one
我喜欢在这些白色板子的后面贴一个挂钩
I like to put velcro on the back of these white boards,
将它们挂在床对面的墙上
and put them on the wall across from my bed,
当我早上醒来 看见的第一件东西就是我的清单
so when I wake up in the morning, the first thing I see is my to-do list.
我立即知道这些是我今天的目标
I immediately know that these are the goals for today.
在白板上应该写什么呢?让我们举例说明:
What do you write on the boards?Well, let’s say for example:
我今天的目标是做一个视频
My goal is to make a video today,
现在在这个白板上 我要做的是
now on this whiteboard what I’ll do is
我会把要完成这项任务所需的每一步都列出来
I’ll break down the exact steps I need to take, in order to get this done.
我先将视频制作的各部分进行分类
I categorize each component of the video making process.
第一部分是撰写脚本
The first component is the script.
而我先要做的是写好标题 最多只要十分钟
But what I need to get done first is the title which only takes about 10 minutes tops
标题一写完 我就把它划掉
Once I get the title done, I cross it out,
然后马上联系帮我做视频封面的家伙 告诉他我要什么样的
and I immediately contact my dumb nail guy, I tell him what I want.
这要再花掉十分钟
This takes like another 10 minutes.
我将它看作这个视频里的另一部分
I consider this to be another component in itself.
然后我打好草稿 大概要45分钟
Then I’ll do a rough draft which takes about 45 minutes.
然后校对编辑 大概要用30分钟
I’ll proofread it and edit, which takes about another 30 minutes.
好了 脚本部分完成了
And that’s it. The script component is done.
现在 对于每一个主要的部分 我要做的是
Now, for every major component what I like to do
在它的旁边画一个小方框
is I like to put a little box next to it
一旦我完成了该部分 就在方框里打勾
and once I complete a component I check it,
当我完成一个任务 我就划掉它
when I complete a task I cross that out.
每完成一个主要的部分后 我会让自己休息一会儿
Every time I’m done with the major component, I’ll give myself a little break.
我会去做午饭或者浏览十分钟的新闻
I’ll cook lunch or I’ll browse reddit for 10 minutes,
然后回来工作 继续完成下一部分
then it’s back to work and on to the next component.
下一部分是制作动画
Next is the animation.
我经常会将这部分分成两段来做 每一段大概花一个小时
I usually break this down into two sessions, each taking about an hour.
但是如果视频很长 我会分成三段 这就又完成了一部分了
But if the video is extremely long, I’ll make it into three sessions and that’s another component done.
下一部分是音频制作
Then it’s audio.
首先 录制原始音频
First, I record the raw audio,
我会录好几次 所以要花大概一个小时
I do a couple of takes, so it takes about an hour.
然后编辑音频 加上背景音乐
Then I edit the audio, then I add the background music.
这又要再花30分钟 这一部分也完成了
That’s another 30 minutes and that’s another component done.
打个勾勾 稍事休息
Checkmark, little break.
接下来同步动画和音频
Then I sync the animation with the audio.
这个要用30分钟到1个小时 这一部分又做完了
This takes about thirty minutes to an hour and that’s another component done
最后一部分是发布
The final component is the launch
我要在这部分旁边画个大大的方框
And for the launch I have a big empty box,
因为这是整个过程的最后一步了
because it’s the last step for the whole process.
我写上描述和标签 编排好视频 写上标题
I write the description, I put the tags, schedule the video, make the captions
再制作谢幕 所有的在一起要花大概30分钟
make the end screen, all of that stuff takes me about 30 minutes.
然后我就完成了整个工作
And then, I’m done with the whole project.
我们完成一件事情如此之难的原因
The reason why we have such a hard time getting things done is
是因为我们使用的简单老式的待办清单会让任务量看起来巨大
because when we use a plain old to-do list, all of the tasks look ginormous.
你的大脑会想”我的天啊!我要花八个小时去完成它”
Your brain goes “Oh, My God! this is gonna take me eight hours to complete.”
然后你很自然地开始拖延了
And naturally you just start procrastinating.
你的理由会是”在我闭关8小时之前应该好好玩一下”
Your reasoning being “oh you know, I’ll just enjoy myself a little bit more before I shut myself away from the world for eight hours.”
但是当你把它拆解成一个个简单的步骤时
But when you break it down to extremely simple steps,
你已经开始在利用一种叫做”执行意向”的方法
You start taking advantage of what’s called ‘implementation intention’.
它是一种心理效应 是很多学习和工作方法的核心
It’s a psychological effect that is the core of many methods out there regarding studying and work habits.
当你把一项任务拆解开 并做到尽量详细
When you break the task down, and be as specific as possible,
完成它会变得更容易一点
it becomes easier for you to get things done.
这包括详细列出地点 时间和具体步骤
This includes specifying the where, the when and the exact steps.
所以 不能说”哦 我这周要学习”
So, instead of saying “oh I need to study this week”,
你应该说”好吧 下课后去图书馆
you need to be saying “Okay, when I’m done with this class, I’m gonna go to the library,
我将从a页读到d页 完成问题y到z”
I’m gonna read pages a to d, and I’m gonna do questions y to z.
通过改变写待办清单的方式 你会在完成任务时更有效率
By changing the way you write your to-do list, you become more effective in getting things done.
这就是那些人为什么每天都能完成大量工作的原因
And that’s how these people out there who get massive loads of work done every single day.
他们不是超人 他们只是知道怎么去写一个合适的待办清单
They’re not super human, they just know how to write a proper to-do list.

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教你将整体分为小部分 一点一点去完成 提高你的工作效率

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4IQR4mKUOg8

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