The shift was the undergarment worn next to the skin, made from linen.
It was washable and protected the clothes
from bodily moisture and the body from
possibly harsh textiles being worn.
It was not meant to be seen.
No knickers were worn.
制作过膝袜的面料有羊毛 棉 丝绸
Over-the-knee stockings madefrom wool cotton silk or a mixture of
these yarns were machine or hand knitted.
They were often decorated at the ankle with a woven design known as clocks.
Ribbon garters were tied just above theknee.
However for walking or dancing
the garters were often tied below the knee
and the stocking rolled down over them
to secure everything in place.
The Dickey petticoat is a knee-length white linin
petticoat worn for warmth and modesty.
Stays were made from layers of linen and boned with strips of baleen.
Some were left plain and others faced with decorative silk fabric.
They altered the body to the characteristic 18th century shape
挺直流畅的背 窄细的圆腰 挺翘的胸
of upright flat back, narrow conical waist and raised bosom.
Pocket bags were worn at the hip and carried
around the waist on the linen cord.
Side openings and the skirts allowed access to them.
They were made from plain or decorated fabric
embroidered or as in this example
made from a patchwork of pieced fabrics.
It was possible to lose your pockets however
if the ties came undone.
Lucy locket lost her pocket,
Kitty Fischer found it,
not a penny was there in it,
only a ribbon round it.
Pannier or a hip pad were worn to
lift and display the skirts and to emphasize the small waist.
The hip pad was a large roll tapering
at the ends and tied around the waist.
It may have been padded with anything from wool to cork
At least one full-length linen petticoatwas also worn.
In the winter another petticoat wadded with wool and
quilted for warmth may have been worn.
During the day a linen or silk kerchief
or fichu was worn over the bosom for warmth,
modesty and protect from the Sun.
It could be worn tucked into the gown or
worn over the shoulders and sometimes it was crossed
over the chest and tied at the back.
The stomacher was a decorative panel of fabric
that filled the center front bodice of a gown.
It could have been stiffened or just lined
and had three pairs of linen tabs at the side,
to help pin it to the stage beneath.
Stomachers could be highly decorated and worn
with many different gowns or
made of matching fabric.
The gownpetticoat could be made of contrasting fabric
or to match the gown.
It was linedwith silk or linen and had side openings
for pocket access.
Elaborately quiltedsilk petticoat were often worn in colder weather.
The gown is pinned into place down the side front
of the stomacher with straight pins.
The maid’s linen apron has abib pinned into position.
The origin of the term’pinafore’.
She has placed thestraight pins in the bib ready for
fastening her mistress’s gown.
Ribbons beneath the gowns skirts are tied
together to raise the skirts into apolonaise puff.
Day caps were worn by all classes
and varied from practical todecorative.
Finally a delicate silk or embroideredmuslin apron is added,
which serves no purpose
but to indicate the fine status of the individual wearing it.